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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-K

ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the fiscal year ended April 30, 2016

COMMISSION FILE NUMBER 1-9656

LA-Z-BOY INCORPORATED
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

MICHIGAN
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
  38-0751137
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)

One La-Z-Boy Drive, Monroe, Michigan
(Address of principal executive offices)

 

48162-5138
(Zip Code)

Registrant's telephone number, including area code (734) 242-1444

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

Title of each class   Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Shares, $1.00 Par Value   New York Stock Exchange

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None

Indicate by check mark if the Registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes ý    No o

Indicate by check mark if the Registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act. Yes o    No ý

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes ý    No o

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes ý    No o

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of the Registrant's knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K.    ý

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer," and "smaller reporting company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):

Large accelerated filer ý   Accelerated filer o   Non-accelerated filero
(Do not check if a
smaller reporting company)
  Smaller reporting company o

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes o    No ý

Based on the closing price on the New York Stock Exchange on October 24, 2015, the aggregate market value of Registrant's common shares held by non-affiliates of the Registrant on that date was $1,433.2 million.

The number of common shares outstanding of the Registrant was 48,921,157 as of June 14, 2016.

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE:

(1)
Portions of the Registrant's Proxy Statement to be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission pursuant to Regulation 14A for its 2016 Annual Meeting of Shareholders are incorporated by reference into Part III.

   


Table of Contents

LA-Z-BOY INCORPORATED
FORM 10-K ANNUAL REPORT FISCAL 2016

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 
   
  Page
Number(s)
 

Cautionary Statement Concerning Forward-Looking Statements

  2  


PART I


 

 


 

Item 1.

 

Business

  3  

Item 1A.

 

Risk Factors

    10  

Item 1B.

 

Unresolved Staff Comments

  14  

Item 2.

 

Properties

    14  

Item 3.

 

Legal Proceedings

  14  

Item 4.

 

Mine Safety Disclosures

    14  

Executive Officers of the Registrant


15  


PART II


 

 


 

Item 5.

 

Market for Registrant's Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

  16  

Item 6.

 

Selected Financial Data

    19  

Item 7.

 

Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

  24  

Item 7A.

 

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

    41  

Item 8.

 

Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

  42  

Item 9.

 

Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure

    86  

Item 9A.

 

Controls and Procedures

  86  

Item 9B.

 

Other Information

    86  


PART III






 

Item 10.

 

Directors, Executive Officers, and Corporate Governance

    87  

Item 11.

 

Executive Compensation

  87  

Item 12.

 

Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters

    87  

Item 13.

 

Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence

  87  

Item 14.

 

Principal Accounting Fees and Services

    87  


PART IV






 

Item 15.

 

Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules

    88  

Note: The responses to Items 10 through 14 will be included in the Company's definitive proxy statement to be filed pursuant to Regulation 14A for the 2016 Annual Meeting of Shareholders. The required information is incorporated into this Form 10-K by reference to that document and is not repeated herein.

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Cautionary Statement Concerning Forward-Looking Statements

La-Z-Boy Incorporated and its subsidiaries (individually and collectively, "we," "our" or the "Company") make forward-looking statements in this report, and its representatives may make oral forward-looking statements from time to time. Generally, forward-looking statements include information concerning possible or assumed future actions, events or results of operations. More specifically, forward-looking statements may include information regarding:

—    future income, margins and cash flows   —    future economic performance
—    future growth   —    industry and importing trends
—    adequacy and cost of financial resources   —    management plans

Forward-looking statements also include those preceded or followed by the words "anticipates," "believes," "estimates," "hopes," "plans," "could," "intends" and "expects" or similar expressions. With respect to all forward-looking statements, we claim the protection of the safe harbor for forward-looking statements contained in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995.

Actual results could differ materially from those we anticipate or project due to a number of factors, including: (a) changes in consumer confidence and demographics; (b) the possibility of a recession; (c) changes in the real estate and credit markets and their effects on our customers, consumers and suppliers; (d) international political unrest, terrorism or war; (e) volatility in energy and other commodities prices; (f) the impact of logistics on imports and exports; (g) interest rate and currency exchange rate changes; (h) operating factors, such as supply, labor or distribution disruptions (e.g., port strikes); (i) changes in the domestic or international regulatory environment; (j) adoption of new accounting principles; (k) severe weather or other natural events such as hurricanes, earthquakes, flooding, tornadoes and tsunamis; (l) our ability to procure fabric rolls and leather hides or cut-and-sewn fabric and leather sets domestically or abroad; (m) information technology conversions or system failures and our ability to recover from a system failure; (n) effects of our brand awareness and marketing programs; (o) the discovery of defects in our products resulting in delays in manufacturing, recall campaigns, reputational damage, or increased warranty costs; (p) litigation arising out of alleged defects in our products; (q) unusual or significant litigation; (r) our ability to locate new La-Z-Boy Furniture Galleries® stores (or store owners) and negotiate favorable lease terms for new or existing locations; (s) the results of our restructuring actions; (t) the impact of potential goodwill or intangible asset impairments; and (u) those matters discussed in Item 1A of this Annual Report and other factors identified from time-to-time in our reports filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission. We undertake no obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether to reflect new information or new developments or for any other reason.

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PART I

ITEM 1.    BUSINESS.

Edward M. Knabusch and Edwin J. Shoemaker started Floral City Furniture in 1927, and in 1928 the newly formed company introduced its first recliner. In 1941, we were incorporated in the state of Michigan as La-Z-Boy Chair Company, and in 1996 we changed our name to La-Z-Boy Incorporated. Today, our La-Z-Boy brand is the most recognized brand in the furniture industry.

We manufacture, market, import, export, distribute and retail upholstery furniture products. In addition, we import, distribute and retail accessories and casegoods (wood) furniture products. We are the leading global producer of reclining chairs and the second largest manufacturer/distributor of residential furniture in the United States. The La-Z-Boy Furniture Galleries® stores retail network is the third largest retailer of single-branded furniture in the United States. We have seven major North American manufacturing locations and six regional retail distribution centers in the United States to support our speed-to-market and customization strategy.

We sell our products, primarily in the United States and Canada but also internationally, to furniture retailers and directly to consumers through stores that we own and operate. The centerpiece of our retail distribution strategy is our network of 338 La-Z-Boy Furniture Galleries® stores and 559 Comfort Studio® locations, each dedicated to marketing our La-Z-Boy branded products. We consider this dedicated space to be "branded outlets" or "proprietary." In addition to the almost 900 branded outlets dedicated to selling La-Z-Boy product (La-Z-Boy Furniture Galleries® stores and Comfort Studio® locations), approximately 1,900 other dealers also sell La-Z-Boy, including some of the best known names in the industry, such as Art Van, Nebraska Furniture Mart, Slumberland and Raymour & Flanigan Furniture. We own 124 of the La-Z-Boy Furniture Galleries® stores. The remainder of the La-Z-Boy Furniture Galleries® stores, as well as all 559 Comfort Studio® locations, are independently owned and operated. La-Z-Boy Furniture Galleries® stores help consumers furnish their homes by combining the style, comfort and quality of La-Z-Boy furniture with our available In-Home Design service. La-Z-Boy Comfort Studio® locations are defined spaces within larger independent retailers that are dedicated to displaying and selling La-Z-Boy branded products. Our other brands—England, Kincaid, American Drew, and Hammary—enjoy distribution through a combined 1,500 dealers. Kincaid and England have their own dedicated proprietary in-store programs with 500 outlets and over 1.5 million square feet of proprietary floor space. In total, our proprietary floor space includes approximately 9.3 million square feet.

Principal Products and Industry Segments

Our reportable operating segments are the Upholstery segment, the Casegoods segment and the Retail segment.

Upholstery Segment.    Our Upholstery segment is our largest business and consists primarily of two operating units: La-Z-Boy, our largest operating unit, and our England subsidiary. Our Upholstery segment manufactures and imports upholstered furniture such as recliners and motion furniture, sofas, loveseats, chairs, sectionals, modulars, ottomans and sleeper sofas. The Upholstery segment sells directly to La-Z-Boy Furniture Galleries® stores, operators of Comfort Studio® locations and England Custom Comfort Center locations, major dealers and a wide cross-section of other independent retailers.

Casegoods Segment.    Our Casegoods segment is an importer, marketer and distributor of casegoods (wood) furniture such as bedroom sets, dining room sets, entertainment centers and occasional pieces, and also manufactures some coordinated upholstered furniture. The Casegoods segment consists of three brands: American Drew, Hammary, and Kincaid. The Casegoods segment sells directly to major

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dealers, as well as La-Z-Boy Furniture Galleries® stores, and a wide cross-section of other independent retailers.

Retail Segment.    Our Retail segment consists of 124 company-owned La-Z-Boy Furniture Galleries® stores. The Retail segment primarily sells upholstered furniture, in addition to some casegoods and other accessories, to the end consumer through our retail network.

We have provided additional detailed information regarding our segments and their products in Note 17 to our consolidated financial statements and our "Management's Discussion and Analysis" section, both of which are included in this report.

Raw Materials and Parts

The principal raw materials and parts that we use in our Upholstery segment are purchased cover (primarily fabrics and leather), polyester batting and non-chlorofluorocarbonated polyurethane foam for cushioning and padding, lumber and plywood for frames, steel for motion mechanisms, and electrical components for power styles. We purchase about 55% of our polyurethane foam from one supplier, which has several facilities across the United States that deliver to our plants. We purchase cover from a variety of sources, but we rely on a limited number of major suppliers. We purchase approximately 40% of our cover in a raw state (fabric rolls or leather hides) and cut and sew it into cover, and 60% in covers that have already been cut and sewn by third-party offshore suppliers to our specifications. We buy cut-and-sewn leather and fabric products from four primary suppliers. Of the products that we import, two Chinese suppliers manufacture almost 90% of the leather cut-and-sewn sets, and two other Chinese suppliers manufacture over 95% of the fabric products. We primarily use these suppliers for their product design capabilities, to leverage our buying power, and to control quality and product flow, in addition to their ability to handle the volume of product we require to operate our business. If any of these suppliers experienced financial or other difficulties, we could experience temporary disruptions in our manufacturing process until we obtained alternate suppliers.

During fiscal 2016, the prices of materials we used in our upholstery manufacturing process were essentially flat compared with fiscal 2015. Late in fiscal 2015, we established a global trading company in Hong Kong to assist us with procuring raw materials and parts from Asian suppliers by identifying efficiencies, savings opportunities, and managing relationships with these suppliers. We expect that our supply chain operational excellence initiatives, which include leveraging the global trading company operations, will generate savings in fiscal 2017 to offset the expected rise in material costs during the year, allowing us to keep our raw material costs flat as a percent of sales in fiscal 2017 compared with fiscal 2016, as well as increase our reliability by maintaining a more consistent supply of inventory on hand at our plants.

Our Casegoods segment is primarily an importer, marketer, and distributor of wood furniture, with some manufacturing operations for coordinated upholstered furniture. Raw materials, primarily related to our coordinated upholstery furniture, represented only about 5% of the value of our inventory in this segment and less than 2% of our total raw material at the end of fiscal 2016, and mainly consisted of the same materials used in our Upholstery segment.

Finished Goods Imports

During fiscal 2015, we completed our transition to an all-import model for wood furniture sold by our Casegoods segment. As a result, we now import 100% of the casegoods products that we offer for sale compared with 79% in fiscal 2015 as we moved to the all-import model. In fiscal 2016, we purchased approximately 50% of this imported product from four suppliers. We primarily use these suppliers to leverage our buying power, to control quality and product flow, and because their capabilities align with our product design needs. In addition, these suppliers have the ability to handle the volume of product we require to operate our business. If any of these suppliers experienced financial or other difficulties,

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we could experience temporary disruptions in our product flow until we obtained alternate suppliers, and these disruptions could be lengthy due to the longer lead time required for sourced wood furniture from Asian manufacturers.

We transitioned to an all-import model for our wood furniture primarily to remain competitive for these products. The prices we paid for these imported products in fiscal 2016 have decreased slightly from fiscal 2015. We currently expect these prices and associated transportation costs to remain unchanged in fiscal 2017 compared with fiscal 2016. Looking across our wholesale segments, imported finished goods represented 7% and 8% of our consolidated sales in fiscal 2016 and fiscal 2015, respectively.

Seasonal Business

We believe that the demand for furniture generally reflects sensitivity to overall economic conditions, including consumer confidence, housing market conditions and unemployment rates. The table below shows our segments' highest and lowest sales quarters for fiscal 2016 and is consistent with our historical experience:

Segment   Highest sales
quarter
  Lowest sales
quarter

Upholstery

  4th   1st

Casegoods

  2nd or 4th   1st

Retail

  3rd   1st

We schedule production to maintain consistent manufacturing activity throughout the year whenever possible. We shut down our domestic plants for one week in July to perform routine maintenance on our equipment.

Economic Cycle and Purchasing Cycle

We believe there is a strong correlation between housing starts and sales of our products. In addition, consumer confidence, employment rates, and other factors could affect demand. Upholstered furniture has a shorter life cycle than casegoods furniture because upholstered furniture is typically more fashion and design-oriented, and is often purchased one or two pieces at a time. Casegoods products, in contrast, are longer-lived and frequently purchased in groupings or "suites," resulting in a much larger cost to the consumer. As a result, casegoods sales are more sensitive to economic conditions, and upholstered furniture normally exhibits a less volatile sales pattern over an economic cycle.

Practices Regarding Working Capital Items

The following describes our significant practices regarding working capital items.

Inventory:    For our upholstery segment, we maintain raw materials and work-in-process inventory at our manufacturing locations, and finished goods inventory at our six regional retail distribution centers. Our regional retail distribution centers allow us to streamline the warehousing and distribution processes for our La-Z-Boy Furniture Galleries® store network, including both company-owned stores and independently-owned stores. Our regional retail distribution centers also allow us to reduce the number of individual warehouses needed to supply our retail outlets and help us reduce our inventory levels at our manufacturing and retail locations. We also maintain some finished goods inventory at our manufacturing locations, which primarily supports efficient shipping of sold orders.

For our Casegoods segment, we import wood furniture from Asian vendors, resulting in long lead times on these products. To meet our customers' delivery requirements with these lead times, we maintain

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higher levels of finished goods inventory, as a percentage of sales, of our casegoods products than our upholstery products, which is consistent with others in the casegoods industry.

Our company-owned La-Z-Boy Furniture Galleries® stores maintain finished goods inventory at the stores for display purposes.

Our inventory increased $18.8 million, or 0.5 percentage point as a percent of sales, during fiscal 2016 compared with fiscal 2015. The majority of this increase was driven by raw materials in our Upholstery segment as we improved our in-stock position on certain items to better service our customers. Additionally, our inventory increased in our Retail segment due to new and acquired stores. We will continue to manage our inventory levels to ensure they are appropriate relative to our sales, while maintaining our focus on service to our customers.

Accounts Receivable:    During fiscal 2016, our accounts receivable decreased $12.0 million compared with fiscal 2015, which reflected a 1.5 percentage point reduction as a percent of sales. This decrease was attributable to the continued improvement in the financial condition of our customer base, including our independent La-Z-Boy Furniture Galleries® dealers, and a reduction in days sales outstanding. We monitor our customers' accounts and limit our credit exposure to certain independent dealers, and we strive to decrease our days sales outstanding where possible. Our days sales outstanding is a measure of the time needed to collect outstanding accounts receivable once we have completed a sale. Our days sales outstanding decreased by approximately three days during fiscal 2016 due to continued improvement in the financial condition of our customer base and our various retail acquisitions.

Accounts Payable:    During fiscal 2016, our accounts payable decreased $1.5 million compared with fiscal 2015, which reflected a 0.3 percentage point reduction as a percent of sales.

Customers

Our wholesale customers are furniture retailers located primarily throughout the United States and Canada. Sales in our Upholstery and Casegoods segments are almost entirely to furniture retailers, but we also sell directly to end consumers through our company-owned La-Z-Boy Furniture Galleries® stores that make up our Retail segment.

We have formal agreements with many furniture retailers for them to display and merchandise products from one or more of our operating units and sell them to consumers in dedicated retail space, either in stand-alone stores or dedicated proprietary galleries or studios within their stores. We consider this dedicated space to be "proprietary." For our Upholstery and Casegoods segments, our fiscal 2016 customer mix based on sales was 61% proprietary, 8% major dealers such as Art Van Furniture, Nebraska Furniture Mart, Slumberland Furniture, and Raymour & Flanigan Furniture, and 31% other independent retailers.

The success of our product distribution model relies heavily on having retail floor space that is dedicated to displaying and marketing our products. Our 338-store La-Z-Boy Furniture Galleries® network is central to this approach. In addition, we sell product through proprietary space within other retail furniture stores, primarily La-Z-Boy Comfort Studio® locations, England Custom Comfort Center locations, and Kincaid Shoppes.

Maintaining, updating, and when appropriate expanding our proprietary distribution network is a key part of our overall sales and marketing strategy. Our 4-4-5 initiative, through which we expect to expand the La-Z-Boy Furniture Galleries® stores network to 400 stores averaging $4 million in sales per store over the five year period that began with fiscal 2014, is a key growth strategy for us. This strategy has already delivered results, as the network achieved our average sales per store target of $4 million during calendar 2015, more than two years ahead of schedule. Although we now expect the store build out to extend beyond five years, we believe as the average revenue per store increases, the

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same economic value could be delivered by the network in that time frame. As we continue to maintain and update our current stores to improve the quality of the network, the La-Z-Boy Furniture Galleries® store network plans to open, relocate or remodel 25 to 30 stores during fiscal 2017. All of these stores will feature the new concept store design we developed and introduced in fiscal 2012.

We select independent dealers for our proprietary La-Z-Boy Furniture Galleries® store network based on factors such as their management and financial qualifications and the potential for distribution in specific geographical areas. This proprietary distribution benefits La-Z-Boy, our dealers and our consumers. It enables La-Z-Boy to concentrate our marketing with sales personnel dedicated to our entire product line, and only that line and approved accessories. It allows dealers who join this proprietary group to take advantage of practices with which other proprietary dealers have succeeded, and we facilitate forums for these dealers to share best practices. These La-Z-Boy Furniture Galleries® stores provide our consumers a full-service shopping experience with a large variety of product and knowledgeable sales associates and In-Home Design consultants.

Orders and Backlog

We typically build upholstery units based on specific dealer orders, either for dealer stock or to fill a consumer's custom order. We import casegoods product primarily to fill our internal orders, rather than customer or consumer orders, resulting in higher finished goods inventory on hand as a percentage of sales. Because the size of our backlog at a given time may not be indicative of our future sales, we do not rely entirely on backlogs to predict future sales.

Our Upholstery segment backlogs as of April 30, 2016, and April 25, 2015, were approximately $50.8 million and $71.5 million, respectively, and our Casegoods segment backlogs were approximately $7.6 million and $11.2 million, respectively. Our backlogs were lower than in the prior year due to being in a better inventory service position at April 30, 2016.

Competitive Conditions

We are the second largest manufacturer/distributor of residential (living and family room, bedroom, and dining room) furniture in the United States, as measured by annual sales volume.

In the Upholstery segment, our largest competitors are Ashley, Bassett, Bernhardt, Best Chair, Ethan Allen, Flexsteel, Heritage Home Group, Klaussner, Man Wah, and Natuzzi.

In the Casegoods segment, our main competitors are Bassett, Bernhardt, Ethan Allen, Heritage Home Group, Hooker Furniture, Lacquer Craft, and Stanley Furniture. The Casegoods segment faces additional market pressures from foreign manufacturers entering the United States market and increased direct purchases from foreign suppliers by large United States retailers.

The La-Z-Boy Furniture Galleries® stores operate in the retail furniture industry throughout North America, and different stores have different competitors based on their geographic locations. Competitors include: Arhaus, Ashley, Bassett Furniture Direct, Crate and Barrel, Ethan Allen, Restoration Hardware, Thomasville Home Furnishings Stores, Williams-Sonoma, several other regional competitors (for example Art Van Furniture, Raymour & Flanigan Furniture, and Slumberland Furniture), and family-owned independent furniture stores.

In addition to the larger competitors listed above, a substantial number of small and medium-sized companies operate within our business segments, all of which are highly competitive.

Over the past decade alternative distribution channels have increasingly affected our retail markets. Companies such as Costco, Home Depot, IKEA, Sam's Club, Target, Wal-Mart, and others offer products that compete with some of our product lines. The increased ability of consumers to purchase furniture through various furniture manufacturers' and retailers' internet websites has also increased

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competition, including companies such as QVC and Wayfair which operate with lower overhead costs than a brick-and mortar-retailer.

Players in the home furnishings industry compete primarily on the basis of product styling and quality, customer service (product availability and delivery), price, and location. We compete primarily by emphasizing our brand and the value, comfort, quality, and styling of our products. In addition, we remain committed to innovation while striving to provide outstanding customer service, exceptional dealer support, and efficient on-time delivery. Maintaining, updating and expanding our proprietary distribution system, including identifying desirable retail locations, is a key strategic initiative for us in striving to remain competitive. We compete in the mid-to-upper-mid price point, and a shift in consumer taste and trends to lower priced products could negatively affect our competitive position.

Research and Development Activities

We provide information regarding our research and development activities in Note 1 to our consolidated financial statements, which are included in Item 8 of this report.

Trademarks, Licenses and Patents

We own several trademarks, including the La-Z-Boy trademark, which is essential to the Upholstery and Retail segments of our business. To protect our trademarks, we have registered them in the United States and various other countries where our products are sold. These trademarks have a perpetual life, subject to renewal. We license the use of the La-Z-Boy trademark to our major international partners and dealers outside of North America. We also license the use of the La-Z-Boy trademark on contract office furniture, outdoor furniture, and non-furniture products, and these arrangements enhance our brand awareness, broaden the perceptions of La-Z-Boy, and create visibility of the La-Z-Boy brand in channels outside of the residential furniture industry. In addition, we license to our branded dealers the right to use our La-Z-Boy trademark in connection with the sale of our products and related services, on their signs and in other ways, which we consider to be a key part of our marketing strategies. We provide more information about those dealers, under "Customers."

We hold a number of patents that we actively enforce, but we believe that the loss of any single patent or group of patents would not significantly affect our business.

Compliance with Environmental Regulations

Our manufacturing operations involve the use and disposal of certain substances regulated under environmental protection laws, and we are involved in a small number of remediation actions and site investigations concerning such substances. Based on a review of all currently known facts and our experience with previous environmental matters, we believe we have adequate reserves in respect of probable and reasonably estimable losses arising from environmental matters, and we currently do not believe it is probable that we will have any additional loss for environmental matters that would be material to our consolidated financial statements.

Employees

We employed approximately 8,700 full-time equivalent employees as of April 30, 2016, compared with 8,270 employees at the end of fiscal 2015. We employed approximately 7,300 in our Upholstery segment, 200 in our Casegoods segment, 1,000 in our Retail segment, and the remaining employees as corporate personnel. Our employment growth during fiscal 2016 was attributable to the sales volume increase in our Upholstery segment and new and acquired La-Z-Boy Furniture Galleries® stores in our Retail segment. We employ the majority of our employees on a full-time basis except in our Retail segment, where many of our employees are part-time.

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Financial Information about Foreign and Domestic Operations and Export Sales

In fiscal 2016, our direct export sales, including sales in Canada, were approximately 11% of our total sales. We are part of a manufacturing joint venture in Thailand, which distributes furniture in Australia, New Zealand, Thailand and other countries in Asia. We participate in a sales and marketing joint venture in Asia, which sells and distributes furniture in Korea, Taiwan, Japan, India, Malaysia, and other Asian countries. In addition, we have established a global trading company in Hong Kong that will enhance our ability to source products and materials from our Asian suppliers, as well as provide quality assurance and logistics expertise.

We operate a facility in Mexico which produces cut-and-sewn fabric sets for our domestic upholstery manufacturing facilities. We provide information on sales in the United States, Canada, and other countries in Note 17 to our consolidated financial statements, which are included in Item 8 of this report. Our net property, plant, and equipment value in the United States was $164.2 million and $165.7 million at the end of fiscal 2016 and fiscal 2015, respectively. Our net property, plant, and equipment value in foreign countries was $7.4 million and $8.3 million in fiscal 2016 and fiscal 2015, respectively.

See Item 1A of this report for information about the risks related to our foreign operations.

Internet Availability

Our Forms 10-K, 10-Q, 8-K, and proxy statements on Schedule 14A and amendments to those reports are available free of charge through links on our internet website, www.la-z-boy.com, as soon as reasonably practicable after they are electronically filed with, or furnished to, the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). Copies of any materials we file with the SEC can also be obtained free of charge through the SEC's website at www.sec.gov. The information on our website is not part of this report.

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ITEM 1A.    RISK FACTORS.

Our business is subject to a variety of risks. Interest rates, consumer confidence, housing starts and the overall housing market, increased unemployment, tightening of the financial and consumer credit markets, downturns in the economy and other general economic factors that affect many other businesses are particularly significant to us because our principal products are consumer goods.

The risks and uncertainties described below are those that we currently believe may significantly affect our business. Additional risks and uncertainties that we are unaware of or that we do not currently deem significant may also become important factors that affect us at a later date. You should carefully consider the risks and uncertainties described below, together with the other information provided in this document and our subsequent filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission. Any of the following risks could significantly and adversely affect our business, results of operations, and financial condition.

Fluctuations in the price, availability and quality of raw materials could cause delays that could result in our inability to provide goods to our customers or could increase our costs, either of which could decrease our earnings.

In manufacturing furniture, we use various types of wood, fabrics, leathers, upholstered filling material, steel, and other raw materials. Because we are dependent on outside suppliers for our raw materials, fluctuations in their price, availability and quality could have a negative effect on our cost of sales and our ability to meet our customers' demands. Competitive and marketing pressures may prevent us from passing along price increases to our customers, and the inability to meet our customers' demands could cause us to lose sales. We have a higher concentration (over 65%) in upholstery sales, including motion furniture, than many of our competitors, and the effects of steel, polyurethane foam, wood, electrical components for power styles, leather and fabric price increases or quantity shortages could be significant for our business.

About 55% of our polyurethane foam comes from one supplier. This supplier has several facilities across the United States, but severe weather or natural disasters could result in delays in shipments of polyurethane foam to our plants.

A change in the financial condition of some of our domestic and foreign fabric suppliers could impede their ability to provide their products to us in a timely manner. Upholstered furniture is fashion oriented, and if we were unable to acquire sufficient fabric variety, or to predict or respond to changes in fashion trends, we might lose sales and have to sell excess inventory at reduced prices. Doing so would have a negative effect on our sales and earnings.

Availability of foreign sourcing and economic uncertainty in countries outside of the United States in which we operate or from which we purchase product could adversely affect our business and results of operations.

We have operations in countries outside the United States, some of which are located in emerging markets. Long-term economic and political uncertainty in some of the countries in which we operate, such as Mexico and Thailand, could result in the disruption of markets and negatively affect our business. Our Casegoods segment imports products manufactured by foreign sources, mainly in China, Vietnam and Indonesia, and our Upholstery segment purchases cut-and-sewn fabric and leather sets, electronic component parts and some finished goods from Chinese and other foreign vendors. Our cut-and-sewn leather kits are primarily purchased from two suppliers in China, and the majority of our fabric products are purchased from two other Chinese suppliers. Our sourcing partners may not be able to produce goods in a timely fashion or the quality of their product may lead us to reject it, causing disruptions in our domestic operations and delays in our shipments to our customers.

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There are other risks that are inherent in our non-U.S. operations, including the potential for changes in socio-economic conditions, changes in laws and regulations, including import, export, labor and environmental laws, port strikes, tariffs and trade barriers, monetary and fiscal policies, investments, taxation, and exchange controls. Additionally, unsettled political conditions, possible terrorist attacks, organized crime, and public health concerns present a risk to our non-U.S. operations. All of these items could make servicing our customers more difficult or cause disruptions in our plants that could reduce our sales, earnings, or both in the future.

Inability to maintain and enhance our brand and respond to changes in our current and potential consumers' tastes and trends in a timely manner could adversely affect our business and operating results.

The success of our business depends on our ability to maintain and enhance our brands to increase our business by retaining consumers and attracting new ones. Furniture product is fashion oriented so changes in consumers' tastes and trends and the resultant change in our product mix, as well as failure to offer our consumers multiple avenues for purchasing our products, could adversely affect our business and operating results. We attempt to minimize these risks by maintaining strong advertising and marketing campaigns promoting our brands and our current product designs, styles, quality, prices, and options to purchase our products in-store or online. If these efforts were unsuccessful or required us to incur substantial costs, our business, operating results and financial or competitive condition could be adversely affected.

Loss of market share and other financial or operational difficulties due to competition would likely result in a decrease in our sales, earnings, and liquidity.

The residential furniture industry is highly competitive and fragmented. We compete with many other manufacturers and retailers, including online retailers, some of which offer widely advertised products, and others of which are large retail furniture dealers offering their own store-branded products. Competition in the residential furniture industry is based on quality, style of products, perceived value, price, service to the customer, promotional activities, and advertising. The highly competitive nature of the industry means we are constantly subject to the risk of losing market share, which would likely decrease our future sales, earnings and liquidity. In addition, due to the large number of competitors and their wide range of product offerings, we may not be able to differentiate our products (through styling, finish, and other construction techniques) from those of our competitors. These and other competitive pressures could result in a decrease in our sales, earnings, and liquidity.

Our current retail markets and other markets that we enter in the future may not achieve the growth and profitability we anticipate. We could incur charges for the impairment of long-lived assets if we fail to meet our earnings expectations for these markets.

From time to time we acquire retail locations and related assets, remodel and relocate existing stores, experiment with new store formats, and close underperforming stores. Our assets include goodwill and other indefinite-lived intangible assets in connection with acquisitions. Profitability of acquired, remodeled, relocated, and new format stores will depend on lease rates (for stores we lease) and retail sales and profitability justifying the costs of acquisition, remodeling, and relocation. If we do not meet our sales or earnings expectations for these stores, we may incur charges for the impairment of long-lived assets, the impairment of goodwill, or the impairment of other indefinite-lived intangible assets.

Changes in regulation of our international operations could adversely affect our business and results of operations.

Because we have operations outside of the United States and sell product in various countries, we are subject to many laws governing international relations, including the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act and

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the U.S. Export Administration Act. These laws include prohibitions on improper payments to government officials and restrictions on where we can do business, what products we can supply to certain countries, and what information we can provide to certain governments. Violations of these laws, which are complex, may result in criminal penalties or sanctions that could have a significant adverse effect on our business and results of operations. Although we have implemented policies and procedures designed to ensure compliance with these laws, there can be no assurance that our employees, contractors, or agents will not violate our policies.

We rely extensively on computer systems to process transactions, summarize results and manage our business and that of certain independent dealers. Disruptions in both our primary and back-up systems could adversely affect our business and operating results.

Our primary and back-up computer systems are subject to damage or interruption from power outages, computer and telecommunications failures, computer viruses, phishing attempts, security breaches, natural disasters and errors by employees. Though losses arising from some of these issues would be covered by insurance, interruptions of our critical business computer systems or failure of our back-up systems could reduce our sales or result in longer production times. If our critical business computer systems or back-up systems were damaged or ceased to function properly, we might have to make a significant investment to repair or replace them.

We have been implementing an enterprise resource planning (ERP) system in our largest operating unit over the last several years. We expect to complete the final implementation by the end of fiscal 2017. ERP implementations are complex and time-consuming projects that involve substantial expenditures on system software and implementation activities. ERP implementations also require transformation of business and financial processes in order to reap the benefits of the ERP system; any such transformation involves risks inherent in the conversion to a new computer system, including loss of information and potential disruption to our normal operations. Our business and results of operations may be adversely affected if we experience operating problems or cost overruns during the ERP implementation process, or if the ERP system and the associated process changes do not give rise to the benefits that we expect. Additionally, if we do not effectively implement the ERP system as planned or the system does not operate as intended, the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting could be adversely affected or our ability to assess those controls adequately could be delayed. Significant delays in documenting, reviewing and testing our internal control could cause us to fail to comply with our SEC reporting obligations related to our management's assessment of our internal control over financial reporting.

We may be subject to product liability claims or undertake to recall one or more products, with a negative impact on our financial results and reputation.

Millions of our products, sold over many years, are currently used by consumers. We may be named as a defendant in lawsuits instituted by persons allegedly injured while using one of our products. We have insurance that we believe is adequate to cover such claims, but we are self-insured for the first $1.5 million in liability and for all defense costs. Furthermore, such claims could damage our brands and reputation and negatively affect our operating results. We have voluntarily recalled products in the past, and while none of those recalls has resulted in a material expense or other significant adverse effect, it is possible that recalls could result in future additional expense, penalties, and injury to our brands and reputation, and negatively impact our operating results.

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Our business and our reputation could be adversely affected by the failure to protect sensitive employee, customer and consumer data or to comply with evolving regulations relating to our obligation to protect such data.

Cyber attacks designed to gain access to sensitive information by breaching security systems of large organizations leading to unauthorized release of confidential information have occurred recently at a number of major U.S. companies despite widespread recognition of the cyber attack threat and improved data protection methods. During fiscal 2016, we have been subject, and will likely continue to be subject, to attempts to breach the security of our networks and IT infrastructure through cyber attack, malware, computer viruses and other means of unauthorized access. To the best of our knowledge, attempts to breach our systems have not been successful to date. A breach of our systems that resulted in the unauthorized release of sensitive data could adversely affect our reputation and lead to financial losses from remedial actions or potential liability, possibly including punitive damages. An electronic security breach resulting in the unauthorized release of sensitive data from our information systems could also materially increase the costs we already incur to protect against such risks. We continue to balance the additional risk with the cost to protect us against a breach.

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ITEM 1B.    UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS.

None.

ITEM 2.    PROPERTIES.

We owned or leased approximately 10.5 million square feet of manufacturing, warehousing and distribution centers, office, showroom, and retail facilities, and had approximately 0.4 million square feet of idle facilities, at the end of fiscal 2016. Of the 10.5 million square feet occupied at the end of fiscal 2016, our Upholstery segment occupied approximately 6.6 million square feet, our Casegoods segment occupied approximately 1.4 million square feet, our Retail segment occupied approximately 2.3 million square feet and our Corporate and other operations occupied the balance.

Our active facilities and retail locations are located in Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, Washington D.C., Wisconsin, Coahuila (Mexico), Bangkok (Thailand), Dongguan (China) and Hong Kong. All of our plants and stores are well maintained and insured. We do not expect any major land or building additions will be needed to increase capacity in the foreseeable future for our manufacturing operations. We own all of our domestic plants, and our joint venture owns our Thailand plant. We lease the majority of our retail stores and regional retail distribution centers, as well as our manufacturing facility in Mexico and our office spaces in China and Hong Kong. For information on terms of operating leases for our properties, see Note 11 to our consolidated financial statements, which are included in Item 8 of this report.

ITEM 3.    LEGAL PROCEEDINGS.

We are involved in various legal proceedings arising in the ordinary course of our business. Based on a review of all currently known facts and our experience with previous legal matters, we have recorded expense in respect of probable and reasonably estimable losses arising from legal matters and we currently do not believe it is probable that we will have any additional loss that would be material to our consolidated financial statements.

ITEM 4.    MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES.

Not applicable.

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EXECUTIVE OFFICERS OF THE REGISTRANT

Listed below are the names, ages and current positions of our executive officers and, if they have not held those positions for at least five years, their former positions during that period. All executive officers serve at the pleasure of the board of directors.

Kurt L. Darrow, age 61

Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer since August 2011

President and Chief Executive Officer from September 2003 through August 2011

Louis M. Riccio Jr., age 53

Senior Vice President and Chief Financial Officer since July 2006

Mark S. Bacon, Sr., age 53

Senior Vice President and President, La-Z-Boy Branded Business since July 2011

Senior Vice President and Chief Retail Officer from October 2008 through July 2011

J. Douglas Collier, age 49

Senior Vice President, Chief Marketing Officer, and President, International since August 2014

Chief Marketing Officer and President, International from August 2011 through August 2014

Chief Marketing Officer from September 2008 through August 2011

Darrell D. Edwards, age 52

Senior Vice President and Chief Supply Chain Officer since August 2014

Senior Vice President of Operations, Residential Division from May 2012 through August 2014

Vice President, Manufacturing from July 2011 through May 2012

Vice President and General Manager—Dayton, Tennessee Plant from May 2007 through July 2011

Otis S. Sawyer, age 58

Senior Vice President and President, England, Inc. since February 2008

President of La-Z-Boy Casegoods since November 2015

President of Non-Branded Upholstery from February 2008 through August 2014

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PART II

ITEM 5.    MARKET FOR REGISTRANT'S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES.

Dividend and Market Information

The New York Stock Exchange is the principal market on which our common stock is traded. The tables below show the high and low sale prices of our common stock on the New York Stock Exchange during each quarter of our last two fiscal years.

 
   
  Market Price  
 
  Dividends
Paid
Per Share
 
Fiscal 2016 Quarter Ended   High   Low   Close  

July 25

  $ 0.08   $ 27.68   $ 24.96   $ 24.98  

October 24

  $ 0.08   $ 29.34   $ 24.16   $ 28.50  

January 23

  $ 0.10   $ 29.23   $ 20.30   $ 21.35  

April 30

  $ 0.10   $ 27.32   $ 19.56   $ 25.87  

  $ 0.36                    

 

 
   
  Market Price  
 
  Dividends
Paid
Per Share
 
Fiscal 2015 Quarter Ended   High   Low   Close  

July 26

  $ 0.06   $ 26.66   $ 20.93   $ 21.63  

October 25

  $ 0.06   $ 23.42   $ 19.03   $ 21.83  

January 24

  $ 0.08   $ 27.75   $ 21.50   $ 27.36  

April 25

  $ 0.08   $ 28.38   $ 24.71   $ 27.49  

  $ 0.28                    

Our credit agreement allows us to pay dividends or purchase shares as long as we are not in default and our excess availability, as defined in the agreement, is above 17.5% of the revolving credit commitment. If excess availability falls between 12.5% and 17.5%, then to continue paying dividends or purchasing shares, we must maintain a fixed charge coverage ratio of at least 1.10 to 1.00 on a pro-forma basis and not be in default. Currently we are not prohibited from paying dividends or purchasing shares. Refer to Note 10 of the consolidated financial statements in Item 8 for further discussion of our credit agreement. The payment of future cash dividends is within the discretion of our board of directors and will depend on our earnings, capital requirements and operating and financial condition, as well as excess availability under the credit agreement, among other factors.

Shareholders

We had approximately 18,300 shareholders of record at June 14, 2016.

Equity Plans

The table below provides information concerning our compensation plans under which common shares may be issued.

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Equity Compensation Plan Information as of April 30, 2016

Plan category   Number of
securities to be
issued upon
exercise of
outstanding
options
(i)
  Weighted-
average exercise
price of
outstanding
options
(ii)
  Number of
securities
remaining
available for
future issuance
under equity
compensation
plans (excluding
securities
reflected in
column (i))
(iii)
 

Equity compensation plans approved by Shareholders

    1,410,873 (1) $ 19.39     3,983,231 (2)

Note 1:  These options were issued under our 2010 Omnibus Incentive Plan.

Note 2:  This amount is the aggregate number of shares available for future issuance under our 2010 Omnibus Incentive Plan. The omnibus incentive plan provides for awards of stock options, restricted stock, and performance awards (awards of our common stock based on achievement of pre-set goals over a performance period) to selected key employees and non-employee directors. We have performance awards outstanding under the plan that would reduce the number of shares remaining available for future issuance under the plan by 942,344 shares, assuming the maximum performance targets were achieved.

Performance Graph

The graph below shows the cumulative total return for our last five fiscal years that would have been realized (assuming reinvestment of dividends) by an investor who invested $100 on April 30, 2011, in our common shares, in the S&P 500 Composite Index and in the Dow Jones U.S. Furnishings Index.


Comparison of 5 Year Cumulative Total Return
Assumes Initial Investment of $100
April 2016

GRAPHIC

Company/Index/Market   2011   2012   2013   2014   2015   2016  

La-Z-Boy Incorporated

  $ 100   $ 130.44   $ 151.18   $ 211.56   $ 239.61   $ 228.60  

S&P 500 Composite Index

  $ 100   $ 105.16   $ 121.27   $ 145.85   $ 169.15   $ 168.63  

Dow Jones U.S. Furnishings Index

  $ 100   $ 95.75   $ 88.03   $ 97.19   $ 128.75   $ 136.23  

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Purchases of Equity Securities by the Issuer and Affiliated Purchasers

Our board of directors has authorized the purchase of company stock. As of April 30, 2016, 4.0 million shares remained available for purchase pursuant to this authorization. We spent $44.1 million in fiscal 2016 to purchase 1.7 million shares. During the fourth quarter of fiscal 2016, pursuant to the existing board authorization, we adopted a plan to purchase company stock pursuant to Rule 10b5-1 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. The plan was effective March 28, 2016. Under this plan, our broker has the authority to purchase company shares on our behalf, subject to SEC regulations and the price, market volume and timing constraints specified in the plan. The plan expires at the close of business on August 18, 2016. With the cash flows we anticipate generating in fiscal 2017, we expect to continue being opportunistic in purchasing company stock.

The following table summarizes our purchases of company stock during the fourth quarter of fiscal 2016:

(Shares in thousands)   Total
number of
shares
purchased(1)
  Average
price paid
per share
  Total number
of shares
purchased
as part of
publicly
announced
plan(2)
  Maximum
number
of shares
that may yet
be purchased
under the
plan
 

Fiscal February (January 24 - February 27, 2016)

    31   $ 24.76     30     4,594  

Fiscal March (February 28 - March 26, 2016)

    237   $ 25.33     237     4,356  

Fiscal April (March 27 - April 30, 2016)

    314   $ 26.18     314     4,043  

Fiscal Fourth Quarter of 2016

    582   $ 25.76     581     4,043  
(1)
In addition to the 581,049 shares purchased during the quarter as part of our publicly announced director authorization described above, this column includes 1,098 shares purchased from employees to satisfy their withholding tax obligations upon vesting of restricted shares and performance based shares.

(2)
On October 28, 1987, our board of directors announced the authorization of the plan to repurchase company stock. The plan originally authorized 1.0 million shares, and between October 1987 and January 24, 2015, 27.0 million shares were added to the plan for repurchase. The authorization has no expiration date.

Recent Sales of Unregistered Securities

There were no sales of unregistered securities during fiscal year 2016.

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ITEM 6.    SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA.

The following table presents our selected financial data. The table should be read in conjunction with Item 7, Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations, and Item 8, Financial Statements and Supplementary Data, of this Annual Report on Form 10-K. This information is derived from our audited financial statements and should be read in conjunction with those statements, including the related notes.


Consolidated Five-Year Summary of Financial Data

(Amounts in thousands)
Fiscal Year Ended
  (53 weeks)
4/30/2016
  (52 weeks)
4/25/2015
  (52 weeks)
4/26/2014
  (52 weeks)
4/27/2013
  (52 weeks)
4/28/2012
 

Sales

  $ 1,525,398   $ 1,425,395   $ 1,357,318   $ 1,273,877   $ 1,166,705  

Cost of sales

                               

Cost of goods sold

    943,290     921,142     888,025     854,542     795,957  

Restructuring

    72     (239 )   4,839     2,480     13  

Total cost of sales

    943,362     920,903     892,864     857,022     795,970  

Gross profit

    582,036     504,492     464,454     416,855     370,735  

Selling, general and administrative expense

    459,140     401,459     375,158     349,101     321,770  

Restructuring

    507     (132 )       151     268  

Operating income

    122,389     103,165     89,296     67,603     48,697  

Interest expense

    486     523     548     746     1,384  

Interest income

    827     1,030     761     620     609  

Income from Continued Dumping and Subsidy Offset Act, net

    102     1,212             11,066  

Other income (expense), net

    2,211     744     2,050     3,208     (38 )

Income from continuing operations before income taxes

    125,043     105,628     91,559     70,685     58,950  

Income tax expense (benefit)

    44,080     36,954     31,383     23,520     (25,052 )

Income from continuing operations

    80,963     68,674     60,176     47,165     84,002  

Income (loss) from discontinued operations, net of tax

        3,297     (3,796 )   17     4,906  

Net income

    80,963     71,971     56,380     47,182     88,908  

Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests

    (1,711 )   (1,198 )   (1,324 )   (793 )   (942 )

Net income attributable to La-Z-Boy Incorporated          

  $ 79,252   $ 70,773   $ 55,056   $ 46,389   $ 87,966  

Net income attributable to La-Z-Boy Incorporated:

                               

Income from continuing operations attributable to La-Z-Boy Incorporated

  $ 79,252   $ 67,476   $ 58,852   $ 46,372   $ 83,060  

Income (loss) from discontinued operations

        3,297     (3,796 )   17     4,906  

Net income attributable to La-Z-Boy Incorporated          

  $ 79,252   $ 70,773   $ 55,056   $ 46,389   $ 87,966  

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Table of Contents


Consolidated Five-Year Summary of Financial Data (Continued)

(Amounts in thousands, except per share data)
Fiscal Year Ended
  (53 weeks)
4/30/2016
  (52 weeks)
4/25/2015
  (52 weeks)
4/26/2014
  (52 weeks)
4/27/2013
  (52 weeks)
4/28/2012
 

Basic weighted average shares

    50,194     51,767     52,386     52,351     51,944  

Basic net income attributable to La-Z-Boy Incorporated per share:

                               

Income from continuing operations attributable to La-Z-Boy Incorporated

  $ 1.57   $ 1.30   $ 1.11   $ 0.87   $ 1.57  

Income (loss) from discontinued operations

        0.06     (0.07 )       0.09  

Basic net income attributable to La-Z-Boy Incorporated per share

  $ 1.57   $ 1.36   $ 1.04   $ 0.87   $ 1.66  

Diluted weighted average shares

    50,765     52,346     53,829     53,685     52,478  

Diluted net income attributable to La-Z-Boy Incorporated per share:

                               

Income from continuing operations attributable to La-Z-Boy Incorporated

  $ 1.55   $ 1.28   $ 1.09   $ 0.85   $ 1.55  

Income (loss) from discontinued operations

        0.06     (0.07 )       0.09  

Diluted net income attributable to La-Z-Boy Incorporated per share

  $ 1.55   $ 1.34   $ 1.02   $ 0.85   $ 1.64  

Dividends declared per share

  $ 0.36   $ 0.28   $ 0.20   $ 0.08   $  

Book value of year-end shares outstanding(1)

  $ 11.09   $ 10.33   $ 10.04   $ 9.25   $ 8.46  

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Table of Contents


Consolidated Five-Year Summary of Financial Data (Continued)

(Dollar amounts in thousands)
Fiscal Year Ended
  (53 weeks)
4/30/2016
  (52 weeks)
4/25/2015
  (52 weeks)
4/26/2014
  (52 weeks)
4/27/2013
  (52 weeks)
4/28/2012
 

Return on average total equity(2)

    14.9 %   12.9 %   11.8 %   10.0 %   20.7 %

Gross profit as a percent of sales

    38.2 %   35.4 %   34.2 %   32.7 %   31.8 %

Operating income as a percent of sales

    8.0 %   7.2 %   6.6 %   5.3 %   4.2 %

Effective tax rate(3)

    35.3 %   35.0 %   34.3 %   33.3 %   (42.5 )%

Return on sales(3)

    5.3 %   4.8 %   4.4 %   3.7 %   7.2 %

Depreciation and amortization

  $ 26,517   $ 22,283   $ 23,182   $ 23,140   $ 23,486  

Capital expenditures

  $ 24,684   $ 70,319   $ 33,730   $ 25,912   $ 15,663  

Property, plant and equipment, net

  $ 171,590   $ 174,036   $ 127,535   $ 118,060   $ 114,366  

Working capital

  $ 324,545   $ 321,560   $ 355,291   $ 350,717   $ 350,241  

Current ratio(4)

    3.1 to 1     3.1 to 1     3.1 to 1     3.3 to 1     3.3 to 1  

Total assets

  $ 800,029   $ 774,604   $ 771,295   $ 720,371   $ 685,739  

Long-term debt, excluding current portion

  $ 513   $ 433   $ 277   $ 7,576   $ 7,931  

Total debt

  $ 803   $ 830   $ 7,774   $ 8,089   $ 9,760  

Total equity

  $ 557,212   $ 533,100   $ 529,718   $ 491,968   $ 447,815  

Debt to equity ratio(5)

    0.1 %   0.2 %   1.5 %   1.6 %   2.2 %

Debt to capitalization ratio(6)

    0.1 %   0.2 %   1.4 %   1.6 %   2.1 %

Shareholders

   
18,300
   
15,500
   
13,900
   
12,400
   
13,900
 

Employees

    8,700     8,270     8,300     8,185     8,160  
(1)
Equal to total La-Z-Boy Incorporated shareholders' equity divided by the number of outstanding shares on the last day of the fiscal year

(2)
Equal to income from continuing operations divided by average two year equity

(3)
Based on income from continuing operations

(4)
Equal to total current assets divided by total current liabilities

(5)
Equal to total debt divided by total equity

(6)
Equal to total debt divided by total debt plus total equity

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Table of Contents


Unaudited Quarterly Financial Information Fiscal 2016

(Amounts in thousands, except per share data)
Fiscal Quarter Ended
  (13 weeks)
7/25/2015
  (13 weeks)
10/24/2015
  (13 weeks)
1/23/2016
  (14 weeks)
4/30/2016
 

Sales

  $ 341,423   $ 382,891   $ 384,014   $ 417,070  

Cost of sales

                         

Cost of goods sold

    217,191     237,007     236,030     253,062  

Restructuring

        78     (6 )    

Total cost of sales

    217,191     237,085     236,024     253,062  

Gross profit

    124,232     145,806     147,990     164,008  

Selling, general and administrative expense

    104,100     112,304     113,122     129,614  

Restructuring

    166     108     84     149  

Operating income

    19,966     33,394     34,784     34,245  

Interest expense

    112     133     120     121  

Interest income

    205     164     204     254  

Income from Continued Dumping and Subsidy Offset Act, net

            102      

Other income (expense), net

    1,968     512     (93 )   (176 )

Income before income taxes

    22,027     33,937     34,877     34,202  

Income tax expense

    7,904     12,278     12,643     11,255  

Net income

    14,123     21,659     22,234     22,947  

Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests

    (447 )   (707 )   (328 )   (229 )

Net income attributable to La-Z-Boy Incorporated

  $ 13,676   $ 20,952   $ 21,906   $ 22,718  

Diluted weighted average common shares

    51,043     51,039     50,539     50,262  

Diluted net income attributable to La-Z-Boy Incorporated per share

 
$

0.27
 
$

0.41
 
$

0.43
 
$

0.45
 

Dividends declared per share

 
$

0.08
 
$

0.08
 
$

0.10
 
$

0.10
 

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Unaudited Quarterly Financial Information Fiscal 2015

(Amounts in thousands, except per share data)
Fiscal Quarter Ended
  (13 weeks)
7/26/2014
  (13 weeks)
10/25/2014
  (13 weeks)
1/24/2015
  (13 weeks)
4/25/2015
 

Sales

  $ 326,980   $ 365,601   $ 357,876   $ 374,938  

Cost of sales

                         

Cost of goods sold

    215,831     235,716     228,326     241,269  

Restructuring

    (357 )   (10 )   (9 )   137  

Total cost of sales

    215,474     235,706     228,317     241,406  

Gross profit

    111,506     129,895     129,559     133,532  

Selling, general and administrative expense

    95,015     99,683     103,393     103,368  

Restructuring

        20     (762 )   610  

Operating income

    16,491     30,192     26,928     29,554  

Interest expense

    132     145     131     115  

Interest income

    202     233     232     363  

Income from Continued Dumping and Subsidy Offset Act, net

                1,212  

Other income (expense), net

    (258 )   152     805     45  

Income from continuing operations before
income taxes

    16,303     30,432     27,834     31,059  

Income tax expense

    5,755     10,743     9,477     10,979  

Income from continuing operations

    10,548     19,689     18,357     20,080  

Income from discontinued operations, net of tax

    2,497     285     115     400  

Net income

    13,045     19,974     18,472     20,480  

Net (income) loss attributable to noncontrolling interests

    36     (445 )   (524 )   (265 )

Net income attributable to La-Z-Boy Incorporated

  $ 13,081   $ 19,529   $ 17,948   $ 20,215  

Net income attributable to La-Z-Boy Incorporated:          

                         

Income from continuing operations attributable to La-Z-Boy Incorporated

  $ 10,584   $ 19,244   $ 17,833   $ 19,815  

Income from discontinued operations

    2,497     285     115     400  

Net income attributable to La-Z-Boy Incorporated

  $ 13,081   $ 19,529   $ 17,948   $ 20,215  

Diluted weighted average common shares

    52,627     52,723     52,139     51,616  

Diluted net income attributable to La-Z-Boy Incorporated per share:

                         

Income from continuing operations attributable to La-Z-Boy Incorporated

  $ 0.20   $ 0.36   $ 0.34   $ 0.38  

Income from discontinued operations

    0.05     0.01         0.01  

Diluted net income attributable to La-Z-Boy Incorporated per share

  $ 0.25   $ 0.37   $ 0.34   $ 0.39  

Dividends declared per share

  $ 0.06   $ 0.06   $ 0.08   $ 0.08  

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ITEM 7.    MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS.

We have prepared this Management's Discussion and Analysis as an aid to understanding our financial results. It should be read in conjunction with the accompanying Consolidated Financial Statements and related Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements. We begin with an introduction to our key businesses and then provide discussions of our results of operations, liquidity and capital resources, and critical accounting policies. It is important to note that our fiscal year 2016 included 53 weeks, whereas fiscal years 2015 and 2014 included 52 weeks. The additional week in fiscal 2016 was included in our fourth quarter.

This Management's Discussion and Analysis reflects results for only our continuing operations, unless otherwise noted. During fiscal 2014, we sold substantially all of the assets of our Bauhaus U.S.A. business unit, and we marketed for sale our youth furniture business, Lea Industries, a division of La-Z-Boy Casegoods, Inc. (formerly known as La-Z-Boy Greensboro, Inc.). We were unable to find a buyer for the Lea Industries business, and instead we ceased operations and liquidated all the assets, consisting mostly of inventory, during fiscal 2015. In the accompanying financial statements, we reported the operating results of Bauhaus and Lea Industries as discontinued operations for all periods presented. For the fiscal years ended April 25, 2015, and April 26, 2014, we recorded pre-tax income of $0.9 million ($0.6 million after tax) and a pre-tax loss of $6.0 million ($3.8 million after tax), respectively, in discontinued operations related to these businesses. We previously reported results of Bauhaus as a component of our Upholstery segment, and Lea Industries as a component of our Casegoods segment.

In fiscal 2015, we also recorded $4.2 million of pre-tax income ($2.7 million after tax) in discontinued operations related to the Continued Dumping and Subsidy Offset Act of 2000 ("CDSOA"). Before the Act was revised in 2007, it provided that duties collected on wooden bedroom furniture imported from China were to be distributed to domestic producers that supported the antidumping petition that resulted in the duties. Of the $4.2 million pre-tax income we received, $3.8 million related to our previously owned subsidiary, American Furniture Company, Incorporated. We sold this subsidiary in fiscal 2007 and reported it as discontinued operations at that time. When we sold the assets of American Furniture Company, Incorporated our contract provided that we would receive a portion of any such duties to which that entity was entitled. The remainder of the CDSOA pre-tax income reported in discontinued operations related to Lea Industries.

Introduction

Our Business

We manufacture, market, import, export, distribute and retail upholstery furniture products. In addition, we import, distribute and retail accessories and casegoods (wood) furniture products. We are the leading global producer of reclining chairs and the second largest manufacturer/distributor of residential furniture in the United States. The La-Z-Boy Furniture Galleries® stores retail network is the third largest retailer of single-branded furniture in the United States. We have seven major North American manufacturing locations and six regional retail distribution centers in the United States to support our speed-to-market and customization strategy.

We sell our products, primarily in the United States and Canada but also internationally, to furniture retailers and directly to consumers through stores that we own and operate. The centerpiece of our retail distribution strategy is our network of 338 La-Z-Boy Furniture Galleries® stores and 559 Comfort Studio® locations, each dedicated to marketing our La-Z-Boy branded products. We consider this dedicated space to be "branded outlets" or "proprietary." We own 124 of the La-Z-Boy Furniture Galleries® stores. The remainder of the La-Z-Boy Furniture Galleries® stores, as well as all 559 Comfort Studio® locations, are independently owned and operated. La-Z-Boy Furniture Galleries®

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stores help consumers furnish their homes by combining the style, comfort and quality of La-Z-Boy furniture with our available In-Home Design service. La-Z-Boy Comfort Studio® locations are defined spaces within larger independent retailers that are dedicated to displaying and selling La-Z-Boy branded products. In addition to the La-Z-Boy Comfort Studio® locations, our Kincaid and England operating units have their own dedicated proprietary in-store programs with 500 outlets and over 1.5 million square feet of proprietary floor space. In total, our proprietary floor space includes approximately 9.3 million square feet.

Our goal is to deliver value to our shareholders with improved sales and earnings over the long term through the execution of our strategic initiatives. The foundation of our strategic initiatives is driving sales growth in all areas of our business, but most importantly in our flagship La-Z-Boy brand. We are driving this growth in four ways:

We are expanding our branded distribution channels by executing our 4-4-5 store growth initiative, through which we plan to expand the La-Z-Boy Furniture Galleries® stores network to 400 stores averaging $4 million in sales per store over the five-year period that began with fiscal 2014. We just completed year three of this initiative, which has been delivering results for us, as noted by the network's achievement of our average sales per store target of $4 million per store during calendar 2015, more than two years ahead of schedule. Although we now expect the store build out to extend beyond five years, we believe as the average revenue per store increases, the same economic value could be delivered by the network in that time frame. Through this initiative, we intend not only to increase the number of stores but also to improve their quality, including upgrading old format stores to our new design concept through remodels and relocations. In addition, we are increasing our La-Z-Boy Comfort Studio® locations, our store-within-a-store format, as another avenue to expand our branded distribution channels. We expect these initiatives to generate growth in our Retail segment through an increased company-owned store count, and to generate growth in our wholesale Upholstery segment as our proprietary distribution network expands, in both cases with higher average sales per store.

We are growing the size of our company-owned retail business by acquiring La-Z-Boy Furniture Galleries® stores that are owned by our independent dealers, primarily in markets where we see opportunity for growth or where we believe there are opportunities for further market penetration.

We are increasing our market share with the growth of sales through our multi-channel distribution network. In addition to the almost 900 branded outlets dedicated to selling La-Z-Boy product (La-Z-Boy Furniture Galleries® stores and La-Z-Boy Comfort Studio® locations), approximately 1,900 other dealers sell La-Z-Boy products. These outlets include some of the best known names in the industry, such as Art Van, Nebraska Furniture Mart, and Slumberland. Additionally, our other brands—England, American Drew, Hammary, and Kincaid—enjoy distribution through a combined 1,500 dealers. We believe there is significant growth potential for our brands through these retail channels.

We are also increasing our market share in stationary upholstered furniture through a combination of our Live Life Comfortably® marketing campaign, featuring Brooke Shields as our brand ambassador, and our innovative and on-trend product. We continue to invest in this campaign, aimed at changing the image of our brand and widening La-Z-Boy's appeal among a broader consumer demographic. While we are known for our iconic recliners, we sell more of all the other types of furniture in our portfolio than recliners. Also, integral to the Live Life Comfortably® campaign is our Urban Attitudes® collection of smaller-scale stationary furniture targeted at a more style-conscious demographic, younger consumers, and people who live in smaller spaces in urban locations. Stationary upholstery furniture is a significant share of the industry's total upholstery furniture sales, and we believe that over time we can capture a larger share of demand for these products.

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Additionally, we are focused on improving profitability through operational excellence in our supply chain, which includes our procurement and manufacturing operations. We implemented a corporate center of excellence for supply chain management, through which we are transitioning our supply chain efforts from being run by our individual operating companies to being managed on a corporation-wide basis, in order to leverage efficiencies, savings opportunities, and relationships with vendors. One key aspect of this strategy was our establishment of a global trading company in Hong Kong. During fiscal 2016, our wholesale segments benefited from the efficiencies that this strategy generated throughout our supply chain.

During fiscal 2016, the number of stores in the La-Z-Boy Furniture Galleries® store network increased by 13 stores to 338, while the number of company-owned retail stores increased by 14 stores to 124. The 14 additional company-owned retail stores included 11 that we acquired from independent dealers and five new stores, partly offset by two store closures during the fiscal year. We improved sales through volume increases in our Upholstery and Retail segments, while also delivering a higher operating margin in both segments. We achieved the improvement in our Upholstery segment profitability mainly through improved efficiencies in our supply chain, and increased our Retail segment's operating margin mainly through higher sales volume in stores that had been open for at least 12 months and a higher percentage of custom orders. While our Casegoods sales volume decreased compared with last year, our restructuring of that business to an all-import model is working as we intended, and we believe the business will now deliver more consistent performance going forward.

Our reportable operating segments are the Upholstery segment, the Casegoods segment, and the Retail segment.

Upholstery Segment.  Our Upholstery segment is our largest business and consists primarily of two operating units: La-Z-Boy, our largest operating unit, and our England subsidiary. Our Upholstery segment manufactures and imports upholstered furniture such as recliners and motion furniture, sofas, loveseats, chairs, sectionals, modulars, ottomans and sleeper sofas. The Upholstery segment sells directly to La-Z-Boy Furniture Galleries® stores, operators of La-Z-Boy Comfort Studio® locations and England Custom Comfort Center locations, major dealers, and a wide cross-section of other independent retailers.

Casegoods Segment.  Our Casegoods segment is an importer, marketer and distributor of casegoods (wood) furniture such as bedroom sets, dining room sets, entertainment centers and occasional pieces, and also manufactures some coordinated upholstered furniture. The Casegoods segment consists of three brands: American Drew, Hammary, and Kincaid. The Casegoods segment sells directly to major dealers, as well as La-Z-Boy Furniture Galleries® stores, and a wide cross-section of other independent retailers.

Retail Segment.  Our Retail segment consists of 124 company-owned La-Z-Boy Furniture Galleries® stores. The Retail segment primarily sells upholstered furniture, in addition to some casegoods and other accessories, to the end consumer through our retail network.

Results of Operations

Fiscal Year 2016, Fiscal Year 2015, and Fiscal Year 2014

La-Z-Boy Incorporated

(Amounts in thousands, except percentages)   (53 weeks)
4/30/2016
  (52 weeks)
4/25/2015
  (FY16 vs FY15)
% Change
  (52 weeks)
4/27/2014
  (FY15 vs FY14)
% Change
 

Sales

  $ 1,525,398   $ 1,425,395     7.0 % $ 1,357,318     5.0 %

Operating income

    122,389     103,165     18.6 %   89,296     15.5 %

Operating margin

    8.0 %   7.2 %         6.6 %      

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Sales

Our consolidated sales increased $100.0 million in fiscal 2016 over fiscal 2015, following an increase of $68.1 million in fiscal 2015 over fiscal 2014. As a reminder, fiscal 2016 contained 53 weeks, while fiscal 2015 and 2014 had 52 weeks.

The increases in sales in both fiscal 2016 and fiscal 2015 compared with the prior years were due to higher sales in our Retail and Upholstery segments. Our Retail segment sales continued to benefit from volume increases in our stores that had been open for a minimum of 12 months, in addition to sales from new and acquired stores. Our Upholstery segment sales increase over the last two years was driven by stronger unit volume. Our Casegoods segment has been working through a restructuring of its business, and sales in fiscal 2016 were lower than the prior year due mainly to the elimination of our hospitality product line and higher sales in fiscal 2015 that were the result of increased promotional activity of our older product lines.

The additional week in fiscal 2016 compared with fiscal 2015 accounted for approximately 2% of fiscal 2016's total sales.

Operating Margin

Our operating margin increased 0.8 percentage point in fiscal 2016 compared with the prior year, following an increase of 0.6 percentage point in fiscal 2015 compared with the prior year.

Our gross margin increased 2.8 percentage points during fiscal 2016 compared with fiscal 2015, following a 1.2 percentage point increase in fiscal 2015 compared with fiscal 2014.

Our Upholstery segment gross margin improved in both fiscal 2016 and fiscal 2015 compared with the prior years. Fiscal 2016 gross margin improved primarily due to supply chain efficiencies, as well as favorable changes in our product mix, which reversed the performance in fiscal 2015, when inefficiencies in our supply chain and unfavorable changes in our product mix lowered our gross margin when compared with fiscal 2014. The inefficiencies in fiscal 2015 were a result of implementing our ERP system in all our branded upholstery plants. In fiscal 2016, through improved inventory procurement, product flow, and leveraging the benefits of our ERP system in our branded upholstery plants, we were able to operate more efficiently than in the prior fiscal year. Both fiscal 2016 and fiscal 2015 included the benefit of favorable legal settlements, which provided a 0.3 percentage point and 0.4 percentage point benefit, respectively.

Our Retail segment gross margin improved in both fiscal 2016 and fiscal 2015 compared with the prior years due to increased custom orders and In-Home Design orders, which generate a higher gross margin than sales of stock units.

Our Casegoods segment gross margin improved in both fiscal 2016 and fiscal 2015 compared with the prior years due to our transition to an all-import model for our wood furniture and our consolidation of our casegoods operations. Additionally, the segment's fiscal 2015 gross margin included the benefit of a reduction in our LIFO reserves during that time period.

Our gross margin improved 0.9 percentage point and 0.5 percentage point in fiscal 2016 and fiscal 2015, respectively, due to changes in our consolidated sales mix. Our consolidated sales mix changed due to the growth of our Retail segment, which has a higher gross margin than our wholesale segments.

Our selling, general, and administrative ("SG&A") expense as a percentage of sales increased 2.0 percentage points during fiscal 2016 compared with fiscal 2015, following a 0.6 percentage point increase in fiscal 2015 as compared with fiscal 2014.

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These items are further explained in the discussion of each segment's results later in this Management's Discussion and Analysis.

Upholstery Segment

(Amounts in thousands, except percentages)   (53 weeks)
4/30/2016
  (52 weeks)
4/25/2015
  (FY16 vs FY15)
% Change
  (52 weeks)
4/26/2014
  (FY15 vs FY14)
% Change
 

Sales

  $ 1,215,805   $ 1,151,802     5.6 % $ 1,099,050     4.8 %

Operating income

    134,193     121,403     10.5 %   117,688     3.2 %

Operating margin

    11.0 %   10.5 %         10.7 %      

Sales

Our Upholstery segment's sales increased $64.0 million in fiscal 2016 over fiscal 2015, following an increase of $52.8 million in fiscal 2015 over fiscal 2014.

Increased unit volume in both fiscal 2016 and fiscal 2015 drove a 4.3% and 4.2% sales increase, respectively, compared with the prior year. We believe the increased unit volume over the two-year period was a result of our Live Life Comfortably® marketing campaign, the strength of our stationary product introductions, and our improved product value and styling. Included in the increased volume is the additional week in fiscal 2016, which accounted for approximately 2% of the total fiscal 2016 sales volume.

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Favorable changes in our product mix in fiscal 2016 resulted in a 1.1% increase in sales compared with fiscal 2015. Our product mix included a shift to more powered motion units and an increase in motion sofas as compared with the prior year. Powered motion units have a higher average selling price than motion units without power, as do motion sofas as compared with stationary products.

Unfavorable changes in our product mix in fiscal 2015 resulted in a 0.6% decrease in sales compared with fiscal 2014. Our product mix in fiscal 2015 included a shift to more recliners and stationary units, including a shift from motion sofas to stationary sofas and occasional chairs, as well as a shift to more fabric units and fewer leather units. Motion sofas and leather units have a higher average selling price compared to stationary units and fabric units.

Higher selling prices in fiscal 2015 resulted in 1.0% of the sales increase compared to fiscal 2014.

Operating Margin

Our Upholstery segment's operating margin increased 0.5 percentage point in fiscal 2016 compared with the prior year, following a decrease of 0.2 percentage point in fiscal 2015 compared with fiscal 2014.

The segment's gross margin increased 1.9 percentage points during fiscal 2016 compared with fiscal 2015, following a 0.3 percentage point increase during fiscal 2015 compared with fiscal 2014.

The main driver of changes in our gross margin was the performance of our supply chain, which includes our procurement and manufacturing operations. During fiscal 2016, improved efficiencies in our supply chain resulted in a 1.9 percentage point improvement in the segment's gross margin, which reversed the performance in fiscal 2015, when inefficiencies in our supply chain lowered our gross margin by 0.6 percentage point, when compared with fiscal 2014. The inefficiencies in fiscal 2015 were a result of implementing our ERP system in all our branded upholstery plants. In fiscal 2016, through improved inventory procurement, product flow, and leveraging the benefits of our ERP system in our branded upholstery plants, we were able to operate more efficiently than in the prior fiscal year.

Additionally, the segment's gross margin was impacted by favorable legal settlements, which provided a benefit of 0.3 percentage point and 0.5 percentage point, respectively, in fiscal 2016 and fiscal 2015.

The segment's SG&A expense as a percentage of sales increased 1.4 percentage points during fiscal 2016 compared with fiscal 2015, following an increase of 0.5 percentage point during fiscal 2015 compared with fiscal 2014.

Professional fees and legal costs were 1.0 percentage point higher as a percent of sales during fiscal 2016, primarily due to legal fees and a $5.5 million accrual for a pending legal matter associated with a lawsuit over a contract dispute, as well as spending for our continued ERP implementation. The pending legal matter, which was previously announced, is currently under review by the court and the court could overturn the verdict which could result in the entire accrual being reversed. Additionally, if the verdict is overturned, that decision could be appealed, which could result in additional expense in future periods in defense of that appeal.

Warranty expense was 0.3 percentage point higher as a percent of sales during fiscal 2016. Our warranty expense was higher primarily due to higher replacement part costs and labor costs from our more complex product lines. Additionally, our warranty expense was higher during fiscal 2016 due to favorable accrual adjustments during fiscal 2015 which reflected a change in the prior estimates of our product warranty liability during that time period.

Professional fees were 0.4 percentage point higher as a percent of sales during fiscal 2015, primarily due to spending for investment in our business. The investments included higher costs for technology improvements, including our ERP system and our website and e-commerce platform.

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Casegoods Segment

(Amounts in thousands, except percentages)   (53 weeks)
4/30/2016
  (52 weeks)
4/25/2015
  (FY16 vs FY15)
% Change
  (52 weeks)
4/26/2014
  (FY15 vs FY14)
% Change
 

Sales

  $ 102,540   $ 109,713     (6.5 )% $ 106,752     2.8 %

Operating income

    7,734     6,408     20.7 %   3,397     88.6 %

Operating margin

    7.5 %   5.8 %         3.2 %      

Sales

Our Casegoods segment's sales decreased $7.2 million in fiscal 2016 over fiscal 2015, following an increase of $3.0 million in fiscal 2015 over fiscal 2014.

When we ceased domestic manufacturing of our wood furniture, we eliminated our hospitality product line, which resulted in $3.7 million lower sales in fiscal 2016 compared with fiscal 2015. In addition, as we have shifted our product line to more transitional and casual styles over the last few years, we have been selling through older product lines. Higher promotional activity related to these product lines during fiscal 2015 resulted in higher sales during that period. These items were both somewhat offset by the additional week in fiscal 2016, which resulted in approximately 2% of additional sales.

In fiscal 2015, increased unit volume drove a 2.8% increase in sales compared with fiscal 2014. We believe the increased unit volume was a result of new collections we introduced as part of shifting our product styling to more transitional and casual styles, as well as strength in our occasional business, partly offset by higher promotional activity as we sold through older, more traditional product. In addition, we had $1.9 million lower sales of hospitality product in fiscal 2015 compared with fiscal 2014.

Operating Margin

Our Casegoods segment's operating margin increased 1.7 percentage points in fiscal 2016 compared with the prior year, following an increase of 2.6 percentage points in fiscal 2015 compared with the prior year.

The segment's gross margin increased 0.9 percentage point during fiscal 2016 compared with fiscal 2015, following an increase of 2.5 percentage points during fiscal 2015 compared with fiscal 2014.

During fiscal 2016, the transition to an all-import model for our wood furniture and the consolidation of our casegoods operations, as well as less discounting due to lower promotional activity in fiscal 2016, drove the improved gross margin for the segment.

During fiscal 2015, the segment's gross margin was positively impacted by a $2.1 million reduction in our LIFO reserve associated with a portion of our domestically manufactured inventory which was liquidated in fiscal 2015. We ceased manufacturing product domestically during fiscal 2015, and we reduced our LIFO reserve since the stream of domestically manufactured inventory will not be replaced. This reduction resulted in a 2.4 percentage point improvement in gross margin for the segment.

The segment's SG&A expense as a percentage of sales decreased 0.8 percentage point during fiscal 2016 compared with fiscal 2015, following a 0.1 percentage point decrease during fiscal 2015 compared with fiscal 2014.

During fiscal 2016, the decreased SG&A expense was mainly due to lower incentive compensation resulting from lower financial performance of the segment against the incentive-based targets compared with our financial performance in the prior year against the prior year

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Retail Segment

(Amounts in thousands, except percentages)   (53 weeks)
4/30/2016
  (52 weeks)
4/25/2015
  (FY16 vs FY15)
% Change
  (52 weeks)
4/26/2014
  (FY15 vs FY14)
% Change
 

Sales

  $ 402,479   $ 333,978     20.5 % $ 298,642     11.8 %

Operating income

    25,567     11,466     123.0 %   11,128     3.0 %

Operating margin

    6.4 %   3.4 %         3.7 %      

Sales

Our Retail segment's sales increased $68.5 million in fiscal 2016 over fiscal 2015, following an increase of $35.3 million in fiscal 2015 over fiscal 2014.

In fiscal 2016, the segment's sales increase was due in part to higher sales volume for stores that had been open for a minimum of 12 months, which increased 7.5% or $14.0 million, compared with fiscal 2015. The increased volume was primarily a result of higher average ticket sales, driven by a higher percentage of custom orders, increased In-Home Design orders, and a shift to more powered units. Our acquired stores added $22.4 million in sales for the segment in fiscal 2016, and the remainder of the sales increase came from our new and closed stores. The additional week in fiscal 2016 accounted for approximately 2% of total fiscal 2016 sales.

In fiscal 2015, we were able to convert lower traffic into an increase in ticket count and units per ticket, which resulted in a 3.0% sales increase for our stores that had been open for a minimum of 12 months. In addition, sales were higher in fiscal 2015 compared with the prior year due to the sales volume of our new and acquired stores, our Live Life Comfortably® marketing campaign, the strength of our stationary product introductions and our improved product value and styling.

Operating Margin

Our Retail segment's operating margin increased 3.0 percentage points in fiscal 2016 compared with the prior year, following a 0.3 percentage point decrease in fiscal 2015 compared with the prior year.

The segment's gross margin increased 1.3 percentage points during fiscal 2016 compared with fiscal 2015, following a 0.9 percentage point decrease in fiscal 2015 as compared with fiscal 2014.

During fiscal 2016, a higher percentage of custom orders, increased In-Home Design orders, and a shift to more powered units drove the increase in gross margin compared with fiscal 2015.

During fiscal 2015, higher promotional activity, which drove our ability to convert lower traffic into an increase in ticket count and units per ticket, negatively impacted our gross margin compared with fiscal 2014.

The segment's SG&A expense as a percentage of sales decreased 1.7 percentage points during fiscal 2016 compared with fiscal 2015, following a 0.6 percentage point decrease in fiscal 2015 compared with fiscal 2014.

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Corporate and Other

(Amounts in thousands, except percentages)   (53 weeks)
4/30/2016
  (52 weeks)
4/25/2015
  (FY16 vs FY15)
% Change
  (52 weeks)
4/26/2014
  (FY15 vs FY14)
% Change
 

Sales:

                               

Corporate and Other

  $ 6,423   $ 2,294     180.0 % $ 2,463     (6.9 )%

Eliminations

    (201,849 )   (172,392 )   (17.1 )%   (149,589 )   (15.2 )%

Operating loss:

   
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
 

Corporate and Other

    (44,526 )   (36,483 )   (22.0 )%   (38,078 )   4.2 %

Restructuring

    (579 )   371     (256.1 )%   (4,839 )   N/M  

N/M—Not Meaningful

   
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
 

Sales

Corporate and Other sales increased in fiscal 2016 compared with fiscal 2015, primarily due to intercompany commission revenue charged to our reportable segments by our global trading company in Hong Kong (which began operations at the beginning of fiscal 2016).

Eliminations increased in both fiscal 2016 and fiscal 2015 primarily due to higher sales from our Upholstery segment to our Retail segment.

Operating Margin

Our Corporate and Other operating loss was $8.0 million higher in fiscal 2016 compared with fiscal 2015, primarily due to higher incentive compensation costs of $2.2 million, as well as higher costs associated with our global trading company in Hong Kong and increased depreciation expense for our new world headquarters.

Our Corporate and Other operating loss was $1.6 million lower in fiscal 2015 compared with fiscal 2014, mainly due to lower incentive compensation costs of $3.3 million, partly offset by higher costs associated with the construction of our new world headquarters in fiscal 2015.

The $0.6 million restructuring expense in fiscal 2016 related mainly to rent expense for an idled showroom, rent expense for an idled office building, and accelerated depreciation expense for an idled asset. The $0.4 million restructuring income in fiscal 2015 related mainly to the gain on the sale of an idled warehouse and inventory recoveries, somewhat offset by severance and benefit-related costs and rent expense for an idled showroom. The $4.8 million restructuring expense in fiscal 2014 related mainly to fixed asset and inventory write-downs. All of these restructuring activities related to our Casegoods segment and the decision to cease domestic manufacturing and transition to an all-import model for our wood furniture, which we began in fiscal 2014. We expect the costs related to our restructuring efforts to be completed by the end of fiscal 2017.

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Other Income

Other income was $1.5 million higher in fiscal 2016 compared with fiscal 2015, primarily due to higher foreign currency exchange rate gains realized during fiscal 2016 than in fiscal 2015.

Other income was $1.3 million lower in fiscal 2015 compared with fiscal 2014, primarily due to lower foreign currency exchange rate gains realized during fiscal 2015 than in fiscal 2014.

Income from Continued Dumping and Subsidy Offset Act

The Continued Dumping and Subsidy Offset Act of 2000 provided for distribution of duties collected by U.S. Customs and Border Protection from antidumping cases to domestic producers that supported the antidumping petition related to wooden bedroom furniture imported from China. We received pre-tax distributions of $0.1 million during fiscal 2016. We received pre-tax distributions of $1.2 million related to continuing operations and $4.2 million related to discontinued operations during fiscal 2015. We did not receive any distributions during fiscal 2014.

Income Taxes

Our effective tax rate for continuing operations was 35.3% for fiscal 2016, 35.0% for fiscal 2015, and 34.3% for fiscal 2014.

Impacting our effective tax rate for fiscal 2016 was a tax benefit of $0.3 million for the release of valuation allowances relating to certain U.S. state deferred tax assets. Absent discrete adjustments, the effective tax rate for continuing operations in fiscal 2016 would have been 35.6%.

Impacting our effective tax rate for fiscal 2015 was a tax benefit of $0.4 million for the release of valuation allowances relating to certain U.S. state deferred tax assets. Absent discrete adjustments, the effective tax rate for continuing operations in fiscal 2015 would have been 35.4%.

Items impacting our effective tax rate for fiscal 2014 included a tax benefit of $1.2 million for the release of valuation allowances relating to certain U.S. state deferred tax assets and a net tax benefit of $0.5 million from other adjustments. Absent discrete adjustments, the effective tax rate for continuing operations in fiscal 2014 would have been 36.1%.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

Our sources of liquidity include cash and equivalents, short-term and long-term investments, cash from operations and amounts available under our credit facility. We believe these sources remain adequate to meet our short-term and long-term liquidity requirements, finance our long-term growth plans, meet debt service, and fulfill other cash requirements for day-to-day operations, dividends to shareholders and capital expenditures. We had cash and equivalents of $112.4 million at April 30, 2016, compared with $98.3 million at April 25, 2015. In addition, we had investments to enhance our returns on cash of $33.6 million at April 30, 2016, compared with $45.5 million at April 25, 2015. We reduced our investments during fiscal 2016, and used net income generated during the period and cash collections of accounts receivable, in order to fund acquisitions of retail stores, acquire assets through capital expenditures, fund increases in inventories, purchase shares of our stock and pay dividends to our shareholders.

We maintain a revolving credit facility secured primarily by all of our accounts receivable, inventory, and cash deposit and securities accounts. Availability under the agreement fluctuates according to a borrowing base calculated on eligible accounts receivable and inventory. The credit agreement includes affirmative and negative covenants that apply under certain circumstances, including a fixed-charge coverage ratio requirement that applies when excess availability under the line is less than certain thresholds. At April 30, 2016, we were not subject to the fixed-charge coverage ratio requirement, had

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no borrowings outstanding under the agreement, and had excess availability of $146.9 million of the $150.0 million credit commitment.

Capital expenditures for fiscal 2016 were $24.7 million compared with $70.3 million for fiscal 2015. Our capital expenditures were lower in fiscal 2016 compared with fiscal 2015 because the prior fiscal year included the construction of our new world headquarters. We have no material contractual commitments outstanding for future capital expenditures. We expect total capital expenditures to be in the range of $35 million to $40 million for all of fiscal 2017.

Our board of directors has sole authority to determine if and when future dividends will be declared and on what terms. We expect the board to continue declaring regular quarterly cash dividends for the foreseeable future, but it may discontinue doing so at any time.

We believe our cash flows from operations, present cash and equivalents balance of $112.4 million, short and long-term investments to enhance returns on cash of $33.6 million, and current excess availability under our credit facility of $146.9 million, will be sufficient to fund our business needs, including our fiscal 2017 contractual obligations of $132.7 million as presented in our contractual obligations table. Included in our cash and cash equivalents at April 30, 2016, is $24.3 million held by foreign subsidiaries for which we have determined the amounts to be permanently reinvested.

The following table illustrates the main components of our cash flows:

 
  Year Ended  
(Amounts in thousands)   4/30/2016   4/25/2015   4/26/2014  

Cash Flows Provided By (Used For)

                   

Net cash provided by operating activities

  $ 112,361   $ 86,751   $ 90,832  

Net cash used for investing activities

    (36,570 )   (66,673 )   (45,016 )

Net cash used for financing activities

    (61,047 )   (71,156 )   (26,690 )

Exchange rate changes

    (688 )   (281 )   (550 )

Change in cash and equivalents

  $ 14,056   $ (51,359 ) $ 18,576  

Operating Activities

During fiscal 2016, net cash provided by operating activities was $112.4 million. Our cash provided by operating activities was primarily attributable to net income generated during fiscal 2016 and cash collections of accounts receivable of $10.7 million, driven by the continued improvement in the financial health of our customer base, especially our independent La-Z-Boy Furniture Galleries® dealers. Somewhat offsetting these items were cash used to fund increases in inventories of $14.6 million and a contribution to our pension plan of $7.0 million. Our inventories were higher in fiscal 2016 primarily due to higher raw materials inventory, mainly leather and fabric sets, to improve our service levels to our customers.

During fiscal 2015, net cash provided by operating activities was $86.8 million. Our cash provided by operating activities was primarily attributable to net income generated during fiscal 2015. Partly offsetting net income was cash used to fund increases in inventories and to settle incentive compensation awards. The $7.6 million increase in inventories in fiscal 2015 was primarily due to higher raw materials inventory in our Upholstery segment as we positioned our inventory levels to meet our customer demands at that time.

During fiscal 2014, net cash provided by operating activities was $90.8 million. Our cash provided by operating activities was mainly the result of net income generated during the fiscal year and was partially offset by cash used to fund increases in inventories of $9.4 million. The increase in inventories was due partially to our increase in company-owned La-Z-Boy Furniture Galleries® stores during the

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year, as well as higher finished goods inventories in our regional retail distribution centers, in order to service a larger number of La-Z-Boy Furniture Galleries® network stores.

Investing Activities

During fiscal 2016, net cash used for investing activities was $36.6 million, which included $23.3 million to fund the acquisition of retail stores, $24.7 million for capital expenditures and $21.0 million for purchases of investments, offset by proceeds of $28.7 million from the sale of investments. Capital expenditures during the period primarily related to spending on manufacturing machinery and equipment, our continued ERP system implementation, our new e-commerce web site, and the relocation of one of our regional retail distribution centers. Additionally, the above uses of cash were partially offset by proceeds from the sale of assets, including assets previously held for sale, as well as a reduction in restricted cash which secures our outstanding letters of credit, of $3.7 million.

During fiscal 2015, net cash used for investing activities was $66.7 million, which included $70.3 million for capital expenditures. Capital expenditures during the period primarily related to spending on our new world headquarters, as well as spending on new stores and manufacturing machinery and equipment. In addition, we invested $6.6 million of cash in fiscal 2015, primarily to purchase life insurance contracts related to our executive deferred compensation plan and our performance compensation retirement plan. Partly offsetting these items were proceeds from the sale of assets, including assets previously held for sale, as well as a reduction in restricted cash which secures our outstanding letters of credit, of $12.0 million.

During fiscal 2014, net cash used for investing activities was $45.0 million, which consisted primarily of $33.7 million in capital expenditures and a net $19.7 million in investment purchases. These expenditures and investments were partially offset by $6.8 million in proceeds from the sale of our Bauhaus business unit.

Financing Activities

During fiscal 2016, net cash used for financing activities was $61.0 million, including $44.1 million for purchasing our common stock and $18.1 million in dividend payments to our shareholders.

During fiscal 2015, net cash used for financing activities was $71.2 million, including $51.9 million for purchasing our common stock and $14.5 million in dividend payments to our shareholders. Additionally, we used $7.6 million of cash to pay down debt.

During fiscal 2014, net cash used for financing activities was $26.7 million. We used $32.1 million of cash to purchase common stock and $10.5 million to fund dividend payments to our shareholders.

Our board of directors has authorized the purchase of company stock. As of April 30, 2016, 4.0 million shares remained available for purchase pursuant to this authorization. The authorization has no expiration date. We purchased 1.7 million shares during fiscal 2016 for a total of $44.1 million. With the cash flows we anticipate generating in fiscal 2017, we expect to continue being opportunistic in purchasing company stock.

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Other

The following table summarizes our contractual obligations of the types specified:

 
   
  Payments Due by Period  
(Amounts in thousands)   Total   Less than
1 Year
  1 - 3
Years
  4 - 5
Years
  More than
5 Years
 

Capital lease obligations

  $ 803   $ 290   $ 384   $ 129   $  

Operating lease obligations

    376,378     63,256     115,391     92,270     105,461  

Purchase obligations*

    69,176     69,176              

Total contractual obligations

  $ 446,357   $ 132,722   $ 115,775   $ 92,399   $ 105,461  

*  We have purchase order commitments of $69.2 million related to open purchase orders, primarily with foreign and domestic casegoods, leather and fabric suppliers, which are generally cancellable if production has not begun.

Our consolidated balance sheet at the end of fiscal 2016 reflected a $0.8 million net liability for uncertain income tax positions. We do not expect that the net liability for uncertain income tax positions will significantly change within the next 12 months. We will either pay or release the liability for uncertain income tax positions as tax audits are completed or settled, statutes of limitation expire or other new information becomes available.

Continuing compliance with existing federal, state and local statutes addressing protection of the environment is not expected to have a significant effect upon our capital expenditures, earnings, competitive position or liquidity.

Business Outlook

We remain optimistic about our business. We have a wide selection of product, the ability to offer consumers mass customization with speed of delivery, and a vast distribution network that presents us with numerous opportunities. Our brand remains the strongest in the industry, and our effective marketing platform and related initiatives are providing us with solid positioning in the marketplace. Moving forward, we believe our growth initiatives will drive continued increases in sales and earnings while we invest in the business to provide long-term sustainable growth and earnings momentum.

Critical Accounting Policies

We prepare our consolidated financial statements in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles. In some cases, these principles require management to make difficult and subjective judgments regarding uncertainties and, as a result, such estimates and assumptions may significantly impact our financial results and disclosures. We base our estimates on currently known facts and circumstances, prior experience and other assumptions we believe to be reasonable. We use our best judgment in valuing these estimates and may, as warranted, use external advice. Actual results could differ from these estimates, assumptions, and judgments and these differences could be significant. We make frequent comparisons throughout the year of actual experience to our assumptions to reduce the likelihood of significant adjustments. We record adjustments when we know such differences. The following critical accounting policies affect our consolidated financial statements.

Revenue Recognition and Related Allowances

Substantially all of our shipping agreements with third-party carriers transfer the risk of loss to our customers upon shipment. Accordingly, our shipments using third-party carriers are generally recognized as revenue when product is shipped. For product shipped on our company-owned trucks, we recognize revenue when the product is delivered. This revenue includes amounts we billed to customers

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for shipping. At the time we recognize revenue, we make provisions for estimated product returns and warranties, as well as other incentives that we may offer to customers. We also recognize revenue for amounts we receive from our customers in connection with our shared advertising cost arrangement. We import certain products from foreign ports, some of which are shipped directly to our domestic customers. In those cases, we do not recognize revenue until title passes to our customer, which normally occurs after the goods pass through U.S. Customs.

Incentives that we offer to our customers include cash discounts and other sales incentive programs. We record estimated cash discounts and other sales incentives as reductions of revenues when we recognize the revenue.

Trade accounts receivable arise from our sale of products on trade credit terms. Our management team reviews all significant accounts quarterly as to their past due balances and the collectability of the outstanding trade accounts receivable for possible write off. It is our policy to write off the accounts receivable against the allowance account when we deem the receivable to be uncollectible. Additionally, we review orders from dealers that are significantly past due, and we ship product only when our ability to collect payment for the new sales is reasonably assured.

Our allowance for credit losses reflects our best estimate of probable incurred losses inherent in the accounts receivable balance. We determine the allowance based on known troubled accounts, historical experience and other currently available evidence.

Long-Lived Assets

We review long-lived assets for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that we may not be able to recover the carrying amount of an asset or asset group. Using either quoted market prices or an analysis of undiscounted projected future cash flows by asset groups, we determine whether there is any indicator of impairment requiring us to further assess the fair value of our long-lived assets. Our asset groups consist of our operating units in our Upholstery segment (La-Z-Boy and England), our Casegoods segment and each of our retail stores.

Indefinite-Lived Intangible Assets and Goodwill

We test indefinite-lived intangibles and goodwill for impairment on an annual basis in the fourth quarter of each fiscal year, and more frequently if events or changes in circumstances indicate that an asset might be impaired. Indefinite-lived intangible assets include our American Drew trade name and the reacquired right to own and operate La-Z-Boy Furniture Galleries® stores in markets we have acquired. We establish the fair value of our trade name and reacquired rights based upon the relief from royalty method. Our goodwill relates to the acquisition of La-Z-Boy Furniture Galleries® stores in various geographic markets. The reporting units for our goodwill are the geographic markets the acquired stores become part of upon acquisition, because the operations of the acquired stores benefit these geographic markets. We establish the fair value for the reporting unit based on the discounted cash flows to determine if the fair value of our goodwill exceeds its carrying value.

Other Loss Reserves

We have various other loss exposures arising from the ordinary course of business, including inventory obsolescence, health insurance, litigation, environmental claims, insured and self-insured workers' compensation, restructuring charges, and product liabilities. Establishing loss reserves requires us to use estimates and management's judgment with respect to risk and ultimate liability. We use legal counsel or other experts, including actuaries as appropriate, to assist us in developing estimates. Due to the uncertainties and potential changes in facts and circumstances, additional charges related to these reserves could be required in the future.

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We have various excess loss coverages for auto, product liability and workers' compensation liabilities. Our deductibles generally do not exceed $1.5 million.

Income Taxes

We use the asset and liability method to account for income taxes. We recognize deferred tax assets and liabilities based on the estimated future tax consequences attributable to differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases and operating loss and tax credit carry-forwards. We measure deferred tax assets and liabilities using enacted tax rates in effect for the year in which we expect to recover or settle those temporary differences. When we record deferred tax assets, we are required to estimate, based on forecasts of taxable earnings in the relevant tax jurisdiction, whether we are more likely than not to recover on them. In making judgments about realizing the value of our deferred tax assets, we consider historic and projected future operating results, the eligible carry-forward period, tax law changes and other relevant considerations.

We elected the early adoption of accounting guidance issued in November 2015 requiring all deferred income tax assets and liabilities to be presented as noncurrent on our consolidated balance sheet. We are applying this change prospectively beginning with our fiscal 2016 consolidated balance sheet.

Pensions

We maintain a defined benefit pension plan for eligible factory hourly employees at our La-Z-Boy operating unit. The plan does not allow new participants, but active participants continue to earn service credits. Annual net periodic expense and benefit liabilities under the plan are determined on an actuarial basis using various assumptions and estimates including discount rates, long-term rates of return, estimated remaining years of service and estimated life expectancy. Each year, we compare the more significant assumptions used to our actual experience, and we adjust the assumptions if warranted.

We evaluate our pension plan discount rate assumption annually. The discount rate is based on a single rate developed after matching a pool of high quality bond payments to the plan's expected future benefit payments. We used a discount rate of 4.1% at April 30, 2016, compared with a rate of 4.2% at April 25, 2015, and 4.4% at April 26, 2014. We used the same methodology for determining the discount rate in fiscal 2016, fiscal 2015, and fiscal 2014.

We fund pension benefits through deposits with trustees and satisfy, at a minimum, the applicable funding regulations.

In addition to evaluating the discount rate we use to determine our pension obligation, each year we evaluate our assumption as to our expected return on plan assets, taking into account the trust's asset allocation, investment strategy, and returns expected to be earned over the life of the plan. The rate of return assumption as of April 30, 2016, was 4.5%, compared with 4.3% at April 25, 2015. The expected rate of return assumption as of April 30, 2016, will be used to determine pension expense for fiscal 2017.

In fiscal 2014, we moved to liability-driven investing to more closely match the profile of our assets to the pension plan liabilities. At the end of fiscal 2016, approximately 90% of the plan's assets were invested in fixed-rate investments with durations approximating the duration of its liabilities.

We are planning to make a discretionary contribution of approximately $2 million to our defined benefit pension plan in fiscal 2017, although no contribution is required. After considering all relevant assumptions, we expect that the plan's fiscal 2017 pension expense will be approximately $4.0 million, compared with $4.3 million in fiscal 2016. A 25 basis point change in our discount rate or expected return on plan assets would not have a material impact on our results of operations.

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Product Warranties

We account for product warranties by accruing an estimated liability when we recognize revenue on the sale of warranted product. We estimate future warranty claims based on claim experience and any additional anticipated future costs on previously sold product. We incorporate repair costs in our liability estimates, including materials, labor and overhead amounts necessary to perform repairs, and any costs associated with delivering repaired product to our customers and consumers. We use considerable judgment in making our estimates. We record differences between our estimated and actual costs when the differences are known.

Stock-Based Compensation

We measure stock-based compensation cost for equity-based awards on the grant date based on the awards' fair value and recognize expense over the vesting period. We measure stock-based compensation cost for liability-based awards on the grant date based on the awards' fair value and recognize expense over the vesting period. We remeasure the liability for these awards and adjust their fair value at the end of each reporting period until paid. We recognize compensation cost for stock-based awards that vest based on performance conditions ratably over the vesting periods when the vesting of such awards becomes probable. Determining the probability of award vesting requires judgment, including assumptions about future operating performance. While the assumptions we use to calculate and account for stock-based compensation awards represent management's best estimates, these estimates involve inherent uncertainties and the application of our management's best judgment. As a result, if we revise our assumptions and estimates, our stock-based compensation expense could be materially different in the future.

We estimate the fair value of each option grant using a Black-Scholes option-pricing model. We estimate expected volatility based on the historic volatility of our common shares. We estimate the average expected life using the contractual term of the stock option and expected employee exercise and post-vesting employment termination trends. We base the risk-free rate on U.S. Treasury issues with a term equal to the expected life assumed at the date of grant. We estimate forfeitures at the date of grant based on historic experience.

We estimate the fair value of each performance award grant that vests based on a market condition using a Monte Carlo valuation model. The Monte Carlo model incorporates more complex variables than closed-form models such as the Black-Scholes option valuation model used for option grants. The Monte Carlo valuation model simulates a distribution of stock prices to yield an expected distribution of stock prices over the remaining performance period. The stock-paths are simulated using volatilities calculated with historical information using data from a look-back period that is equal to the vesting period. The model assumes a zero-coupon, risk-free interest rate with a term equal to the vesting period. The simulations are repeated many times (100,000 in this Monte Carlo valuation) and the mean of the discounted values is calculated as the grant date fair value for the award. The final payout of the award as calculated by the model is then discounted back to the grant date using the risk-free interest rate.

Both the Monte Carlo and Black-Scholes methodologies are based, in part, on inputs for which there are little or no observable market data, requiring us to develop our own assumptions. Inherent in both of these models are assumptions related to expected stock-price volatility, expected life, risk-free interest rate and dividend yield.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

The following is a discussion of the recent accounting pronouncements issued by the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") that we are currently assessing and which we believe could have a significant impact on our financial statements or related disclosures.

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In May 2014, the FASB issued a new accounting standard that requires an entity to recognize the amount of revenue to which it expects to be entitled for the transfer of promised goods or services to customers. The new standard supersedes virtually all existing authoritative accounting guidance on revenue recognition and requires additional disclosures and greater use of estimates and judgments. During July 2015, the FASB deferred the effective date of the revenue recognition guidance by one year, thus making the new accounting standard effective for our fiscal year 2019. We are assessing the potential impact to our consolidated financial statements and financial statement disclosures.

In September 2015, the FASB released a new accounting standard for business combinations that requires the acquirer to recognize adjustments to provisional amounts identified during the measurement period in the reporting period in which the adjustments are determined. The standard is to be applied prospectively beginning with our fiscal year 2017. We are assessing the impact that this guidance will have on our consolidated financial statements.

In February 2016, the FASB issued a new accounting standard requiring all operating leases that a lessee enters into to be recorded on their balance sheet. The lessee will record an asset for the right to use the underlying asset for the lease term and a liability for the contractual lease payments. This guidance is effective for our fiscal year 2020. We are assessing the impact that this guidance will have on our consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.

In March 2016, the FASB issued a new accounting standard focused on simplifying the accounting for share-based payments. The guidance includes changes to the accounting for income taxes related to share-based payments as well as changes to the presentation of these tax impacts on the statement of cash flows. This guidance will be applicable for our fiscal year 2018. We are assessing the impact that this guidance will have on our consolidated financial statements.

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ITEM 7A.    QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK.

While we had no variable rate borrowings at April 30, 2016, we could be exposed to market risk from changes in interest rates if we incur variable rate debt in the future. Based on our current and expected levels of exposed liabilities, management estimates that a one percentage point change in interest rates would not have a material impact on our results of operations for fiscal 2017.

We are exposed to market risk from changes in the value of foreign currencies primarily related to our plant in Mexico, as we pay wages and other local expenses in Mexican pesos. Nonetheless, gains and losses resulting from market changes in the value of foreign currencies have not had and are not expected to have a significant effect on our consolidated results of operations. A decrease in the value of foreign currencies in relation to the U.S. dollar could impact the profitability of some of our vendors and translate into higher prices for our supplies, but we believe that, in that event, our competitors would experience a similar impact.

We are exposed to market risk with respect to commodity and fuel price fluctuations, principally related to commodities we use in producing our products, including steel, wood and polyurethane foam. As commodity prices increase, we determine whether a price increase to our customers to offset these increases is warranted. We do not believe that an increase in these commodity costs would have a material impact on our results of operations.

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ITEM 8.    FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA.

Management's Report to Our Shareholders

Management's Responsibility for Financial Information

Management is responsible for the consistency, integrity and preparation of the information contained in this Annual Report on Form 10-K. The consolidated financial statements and other information contained in this Annual Report on Form 10-K have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America and include necessary judgments and estimates by management.

To fulfill our responsibility, we maintain comprehensive systems of internal control designed to provide reasonable assurance that assets are safeguarded and transactions are executed in accordance with established procedures. The concept of reasonable assurance is based upon recognition that the cost of the controls should not exceed the benefit derived. We believe our systems of internal control provide this reasonable assurance.

The board of directors exercised its oversight role with respect to our systems of internal control primarily through its audit committee, which is comprised of independent directors. The committee oversees our systems of internal control, accounting practices, financial reporting and audits to assess whether their quality, integrity, and objectivity are sufficient to protect shareholders' investments.

In addition, our consolidated financial statements have been audited by PricewaterhouseCoopers, LLP, an independent registered public accounting firm, whose report also appears in this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

Management's Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting

Our management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting, as that term is defined in Rule 13a-15(f) of the Exchange Act. Under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, we conducted an evaluation of the effectiveness of our internal controls over financial reporting based upon the framework in "Internal Control—Integrated Framework" set forth by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission in 2013. Based on that evaluation, our management concluded that our internal control over financial reporting was effective as of April 30, 2016. PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP, an independent registered public accounting firm, audited the effectiveness of the Company's internal control over financial reporting as of April 30, 2016, as stated in its report which appears herein.

/s/ Kurt L. Darrow

Kurt L. Darrow
Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer
June 21, 2016
   

/s/ Louis M. Riccio Jr.

Louis M. Riccio Jr.
Senior Vice President and Chief Financial Officer
June 21, 2016

 

 

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Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

To the Board of Directors and Shareholders of La-Z-Boy Incorporated:

In our opinion, the accompanying consolidated balance sheets and the related consolidated statements of income, of comprehensive income, of changes in equity and of cash flows present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of La-Z-Boy Incorporated and its subsidiaries at April 30, 2016 and April 25, 2015, and the results of their operations and their cash flows for each of the three fiscal years in the period ended April 30, 2016 in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. Also in our opinion, the Company maintained, in all material respects, effective internal control over financial reporting as of April 30, 2016, based on criteria established in Internal Control—Integrated Framework (2013) issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO). The Company's management is responsible for these financial statements, for maintaining effective internal control over financial reporting and for its assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting, included in Management's Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting on the preceding page. Our responsibility is to express opinions on these financial statements and on the Company's internal control over financial reporting based on our integrated audits. We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audits to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement and whether effective internal control over financial reporting was maintained in all material respects. Our audits of the financial statements included examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements, assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, and evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. Our audit of internal control over financial reporting included obtaining an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, assessing the risk that a material weakness exists, and testing and evaluating the design and operating effectiveness of internal control based on the assessed risk. Our audits also included performing such other procedures as we considered necessary in the circumstances. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinions.

As discussed in Note 1 to the consolidated financial statements, the Company changed the manner in which it accounts for the classification of deferred income tax balances in fiscal year 2016.

A company's internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. A company's internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (i) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company; (ii) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the company; and (iii) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the company's assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.

Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.

/s/ PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP

PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP
Detroit, Michigan
June 21, 2016
   

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LA-Z-BOY INCORPORATED

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF INCOME

 
  Fiscal Year Ended  
(Amounts in thousands)   (53 weeks)
4/30/2016
  (52 weeks)
4/25/2015
  (52 weeks)
4/26/2014
 

Sales

  $ 1,525,398   $ 1,425,395   $ 1,357,318  

Cost of sales

                   

Cost of goods sold

    943,290     921,142     888,025  

Restructuring

    72     (239 )   4,839  

Total cost of sales

    943,362     920,903     892,864  

Gross profit

    582,036     504,492     464,454  

Selling, general and administrative expense

    459,140     401,459     375,158  

Restructuring

    507     (132 )    

Operating income

    122,389     103,165     89,296  

Interest expense

    486     523     548  

Interest income

    827     1,030     761  

Income from Continued Dumping and Subsidy Offset
Act, net

    102     1,212      

Other income, net

    2,211     744     2,050  

Income from continuing operations before income taxes          

    125,043     105,628     91,559  

Income tax expense

    44,080     36,954     31,383  

Income from continuing operations

    80,963     68,674     60,176  

Income (loss) from discontinued operations, net of tax

        3,297     (3,796 )

Net income

    80,963     71,971     56,380  

Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests

    (1,711 )   (1,198 )   (1,324 )

Net income attributable to La-Z-Boy Incorporated

  $ 79,252   $ 70,773   $ 55,056  

   

The accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements are an integral part of these statements.

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LA-Z-BOY INCORPORATED

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF INCOME (Continued)

 
  Fiscal Year Ended  
(Amounts in thousands, except per share data)   (53 weeks)
4/30/2016
  (52 weeks)
4/25/2015
  (52 weeks)
4/26/2014
 

Net income attributable to La-Z-Boy Incorporated:

                   

Income from continuing operations attributable to La-Z-Boy Incorporated

  $ 79,252   $ 67,476   $ 58,852  

Income (loss) from discontinued operations

        3,297     (3,796 )

Net income attributable to La-Z-Boy Incorporated

  $ 79,252   $ 70,773   $ 55,056  

Basic weighted average common shares

    50,194     51,767     52,386  

Basic net income attributable to La-Z-Boy Incorporated per share:

   
 
   
 
   
 
 

Income from continuing operations attributable to La-Z-Boy Incorporated          

  $ 1.57   $ 1.30   $ 1.11  

Income (loss) from discontinued operations, net of tax          

        0.06     (0.07 )

Basic net income attributable to La-Z-Boy Incorporated per share

  $ 1.57   $ 1.36   $ 1.04  

Diluted weighted average common shares

    50,765     52,346     53,829  

Diluted net income attributable to La-Z-Boy Incorporated per share:

   
 
   
 
   
 
 

Income from continuing operations attributable to La-Z-Boy Incorporated

  $ 1.55   $ 1.28   $ 1.09  

Income (loss) from discontinued operations, net of tax          

        0.06     (0.07 )

Diluted net income attributable to La-Z-Boy Incorporated per share

  $ 1.55   $ 1.34   $ 1.02  

Dividends declared per share

  $ 0.36   $ 0.28   $ 0.20  

   

The accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements are an integral part of these statements.

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LA-Z-BOY INCORPORATED

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME

 
  Fiscal Year Ended  
(Amounts in thousands)   (53 weeks)
4/30/2016
  (52 weeks)
4/25/2015
  (52 weeks)
4/26/2014
 

Net income

  $ 80,963   $ 71,971   $ 56,380  

Other comprehensive income (loss)

                   

Currency translation adjustment

    (2,557 )   (1,014 )   (3,054 )

Change in fair value of cash flow hedges, net of tax

    274     (507 )   (284 )

Net unrealized gains (losses) on marketable securities, net of tax

    (547 )   507     624  

Net pension amortization and actuarial gain, net of tax

    374     179     6,100  

Total other comprehensive income (loss)

    (2,456 )   (835 )   3,386  

Total comprehensive income before noncontrolling interests          

    78,507     71,136     59,766  

Comprehensive income attributable to noncontrolling interests

    (1,116 )   (1,122 )   (594 )

Comprehensive income attributable to La-Z-Boy Incorporated

  $ 77,391   $ 70,014   $ 59,172  

   

The accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements are an integral part of these statements.

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LA-Z-BOY INCORPORATED

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEET

 
  As of  
(Amounts in thousands, except par value)   4/30/2016   4/25/2015  

Current assets

             

Cash and equivalents

  $ 112,358   $ 98,302  

Restricted cash

    8,977     9,636  

Receivables, net of allowance of $3,145 at 4/30/16 and $4,622 at 4/25/15

    146,545     158,548  

Inventories, net

    175,589     156,789  

Deferred income taxes—current

        11,255  

Other current assets

    38,503     41,921  

Total current assets

    481,972     476,451  

Property, plant and equipment, net

    171,590     174,036  

Goodwill

    37,193     15,164  

Other intangible assets

    8,558     5,458  

Deferred income taxes—long-term

    41,683     35,072  

Other long-term assets, net

    59,033     68,423  

Total assets

  $ 800,029   $ 774,604  

Current liabilities

             

Current portion of long-term debt

  $ 290   $ 397  

Accounts payable

    44,661     46,168  

Accrued expenses and other current liabilities

    112,476     108,326  

Total current liabilities

    157,427     154,891  

Long-term debt

    513     433  

Other long-term liabilities

    84,877     86,180  

Contingencies and commitments

         

Shareholders' equity

             

Preferred shares—5,000 authorized; none issued

         

Common shares, $1 par value—150,000 authorized; 49,331 outstanding at 4/30/16 and 50,747 outstanding at 4/25/15

    49,331     50,747  

Capital in excess of par value

    279,339     270,032  

Retained earnings

    252,472     235,506  

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

    (34,000 )   (32,139 )

Total La-Z-Boy Incorporated shareholders' equity

    547,142     524,146  

Noncontrolling interests

    10,070     8,954  

Total equity

    557,212     533,100  

Total liabilities and equity

  $ 800,029   $ 774,604  

   

The accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements are an integral part of these statements.

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LA-Z-BOY INCORPORATED

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CASH FLOWS

 
  Fiscal Year Ended  
(Amounts in thousands)   (53 weeks)
4/30/2016
  (52 weeks)
4/25/2015
  (52 weeks)
4/26/2014
 

Cash flows from operating activities

                   

Net income

  $ 80,963   $ 71,971   $ 56,380  

Adjustments to reconcile net income to cash provided by operating activities

                   

(Gain) loss on disposal of assets

    384     (499 )   616  

Gain on sale of investments

    (436 )   (214 )   (300 )

Write-down of long-lived assets

            1,149  

Deferred income tax expense (benefit)

    4,581     1,030     (216 )

Restructuring

    579     (360 )   8,071  

Provision for doubtful accounts

    (660 )   (2,290 )   (2,651 )

Depreciation and amortization

    26,517     22,283     23,182  

Stock-based compensation expense

    8,292     6,780     8,739  

Pension plan contributions

    (7,000 )        

Change in receivables

    10,730     (2,595 )   3,337  

Change in inventories

    (14,621 )   (7,644 )   (9,444 )

Change in other assets

    4,148     4,154     (2,958 )

Change in accounts payable

    (1,007 )   (5,206 )   1,704  

Change in other liabilities

    (109 )   (659 )   3,223  

Net cash provided by operating activities

    112,361     86,751     90,832  

Cash flows from investing activities

                   

Proceeds from disposals of assets

    3,054     9,061     2,233  

Proceeds from sale of business

            6,844  

Capital expenditures

    (24,684 )   (70,319 )   (33,730 )

Purchases of investments

    (21,009 )   (40,327 )   (54,233 )

Proceeds from sales of investments

    28,721     33,750     34,557  

Acquisitions, net of cash acquired

    (23,311 )   (1,774 )   (801 )

Change in restricted cash

    659     2,936     114  

Net cash used for investing activities

    (36,570 )   (66,673 )   (45,016 )

Cash flows from financing activities

                   

Payments on debt

    (508 )   (7,571 )   (579 )

Payments for debt issuance costs

        (208 )    

Stock issued for stock and employee benefit plans

    420     1,397     3,565  

Excess tax benefit on stock option exercises

    1,264     1,592     12,935  

Purchases of common stock

    (44,082 )   (51,853 )   (32,097 )

Dividends paid

    (18,141 )   (14,513 )   (10,514 )

Net cash used for financing activities

    (61,047 )   (71,156 )   (26,690 )

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and equivalents          

    (688 )   (281 )   (550 )

Change in cash and equivalents

    14,056     (51,359 )   18,576  

Cash and equivalents at beginning of period

    98,302     149,661     131,085  

Cash and equivalents at end of period

  $ 112,358   $ 98,302   $ 149,661  

Supplemental disclosure of non-cash investing activities

                   

Capital expenditures included in accounts payable

  $   $ 500   $ 5,303  

   

The accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements are an integral part of these statements.

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LA-Z-BOY INCORPORATED

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CHANGES IN EQUITY

(Amounts in thousands)   Common
Shares
  Capital in
Excess of
Par Value
  Retained
Earnings
  Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income (Loss)
  Non-
Controlling
Interests
  Total  

At April 27, 2013

  $ 52,392   $ 241,888   $ 226,044   $ (35,496 ) $ 7,140   $ 491,968  

Net income

                55,056           1,324     56,380  

Other comprehensive income (loss)

                      4,116     (730 )   3,386  

Stock issued for stock and employee benefit plans, net of cancellations and withholding tax

    937     2,395     (4,509 )               (1,177 )

Purchases of common stock

    (1,348 )   (3,056 )   (27,693 )               (32,097 )

Stock option and restricted stock expense

          8,739                       8,739  

Tax benefit from exercise of options

          12,935                       12,935  

Dividends paid

                (10,514 )               (10,514 )

Change in noncontrolling interests

                            98     98  

At April 26, 2014

    51,981     262,901     238,384     (31,380 )   7,832     529,718  

Net income

                70,773           1,198     71,971  

Other comprehensive loss

                      (759 )   (76 )   (835 )

Stock issued for stock and employee benefit plans, net of cancellations and withholding tax

    898     26     (10,684 )               (9,760 )

Purchases of common stock

    (2,132 )   (1,267 )   (48,454 )               (51,853 )

Stock option and restricted stock expense

          6,780                       6,780  

Tax benefit from exercise of options

          1,592                       1,592  

Dividends paid

                (14,513 )               (14,513 )

At April 25, 2015

    50,747     270,032     235,506     (32,139 )   8,954     533,100  

Net income

                79,252           1,711     80,963  

Other comprehensive loss

                      (1,861 )   (595 )   (2,456 )

Stock issued for stock and employee benefit plans, net of cancellations and withholding tax

    243     97     (2,068 )               (1,728 )

Purchases of common stock

    (1,659 )   (346 )   (42,077 )               (44,082 )

Stock option and restricted stock expense

          8,292                       8,292  

Tax benefit from exercise of options

          1,264                       1,264  

Dividends paid

                (18,141 )               (18,141 )

At April 30, 2016

  $ 49,331   $ 279,339   $ 252,472   $ (34,000 ) $ 10,070   $ 557,212  

   

The accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements are an integral part of these statements.

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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

Note 1: Accounting Policies

The following is a summary of significant accounting policies followed in the preparation of La-Z-Boy Incorporated and its subsidiaries' (individually and collectively, "we," "our" or the "Company") consolidated financial statements. Our fiscal year ends on the last Saturday of April. Our 2016 fiscal year included 53 weeks, whereas fiscal years 2015 and 2014 included 52 weeks. The additional week in fiscal 2016 was included in our fourth quarter.

Principles of Consolidation

The accompanying consolidated financial statements include the consolidated accounts of La-Z-Boy Incorporated and our majority-owned subsidiaries. The portion of less than wholly-owned subsidiaries is included as non-controlling interest. All intercompany transactions have been eliminated, including any related profit on intercompany sales.

Use of Estimates

The consolidated financial statements are prepared in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. These principles require management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts or disclosures of assets, liabilities (including contingent assets and liabilities), sales and expenses at the date of the financial statements. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

Cash and Equivalents

For purposes of the consolidated balance sheet and statement of cash flows, we consider all highly liquid debt instruments purchased with initial maturities of three months or less to be cash equivalents.

Restricted Cash

We have cash on deposit with a bank as collateral for certain letters of credit.

Inventories

Inventories are stated at the lower of cost or market. Cost is determined using the last-in, first-out ("LIFO") basis for approximately 70% and 66% of our inventories at April 30, 2016, and April 25, 2015, respectively. Cost is determined for all other inventories on a first-in, first-out ("FIFO") basis. The FIFO method of accounting is mainly used for our Retail segment's inventory as well as our England operating unit and our majority owned foreign subsidiaries.

Property, Plant and Equipment

Items capitalized, including significant betterments to existing facilities, are recorded at cost. Capitalized computer software costs include internal and external costs incurred during the software's development stage. Internal costs relate primarily to employee activities related to coding and testing the software under development. Computer software costs are depreciated over three to ten years. All maintenance and repair costs are expensed when incurred. Depreciation is computed principally using straight-line methods over the estimated useful lives of the assets.

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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

Note 1: Accounting Policies (Continued)

Disposal and Impairment of Long-Lived Assets

Retirement or dispositions of long-lived assets are recorded based on carrying value and proceeds received. Any resulting gains or losses are recorded as a component of selling, general and administrative expenses.

We review the carrying value of our long-lived assets for impairment annually or whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that their carrying amounts may not be recoverable. Our assessment of recoverability is based on our best estimates using either quoted market prices or an analysis of the undiscounted projected future cash flows by asset groups in order to determine if there is any indicator of impairment requiring us to further assess the fair value of our long-lived assets. Our asset groups consist of our operating units in our Upholstery segment (La-Z-Boy and England), our Casegoods segment and each of our retail stores.

Indefinite-Lived Intangible Assets and Goodwill

We test indefinite-lived intangibles and goodwill for impairment on an annual basis in the fourth quarter of our fiscal year, or more frequently if events or changes in circumstances indicate that the asset might be impaired. Indefinite-lived intangible assets include our American Drew trade name and the reacquired right to own and operate La-Z-Boy Furniture Galleries® stores in markets we have acquired. We establish the fair value of our trade name and reacquired rights based upon the relief from royalty method. Our goodwill relates to the acquisition of La-Z-Boy Furniture Galleries® stores in various geographic markets. The reporting units for our goodwill are the geographic markets the acquired stores become part of upon acquisition, because the operations of the acquired stores benefit these geographic markets. The estimated fair value for the reporting unit is determined based upon discounted cash flows. In situations where the fair value is less than the carrying value, indicating a potential impairment, a second comparison is performed using a calculation of implied fair value of goodwill to measure any such impairment.

Investments

Available-for-sale securities are recorded at fair value with the net unrealized gains and losses (that are deemed to be temporary) reported as a component of other comprehensive income/(loss). Realized gains and losses and charges for other-than-temporary impairments are included in determining net income, with related purchase costs based on the first-in, first-out method. We periodically evaluate our available for sale investments for possible other-than-temporary impairments by reviewing factors such as the extent to which, and length of time, an investment's fair value has been below our cost basis, the issuer's financial condition, and our ability and intent to hold the investment for sufficient time for its market value to recover. For impairments that are other-than-temporary, an impairment loss is recognized in earnings equal to the difference between the investment's cost and its fair value at the balance sheet date of the reporting period for which the assessment is made. The fair value of the investment then becomes the new amortized cost basis of the investment and it is not adjusted for subsequent recoveries in fair value.

Life Insurance

Life insurance policies are recorded at the amount that could be realized under the insurance contract as of the date of our consolidated balance sheet. These assets are classified as other long-term assets

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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

Note 1: Accounting Policies (Continued)

on our consolidated balance sheet. The change in cash surrender or contract value is recorded as income or expense during each period.

Revenue Recognition and Related Allowances for Credit Losses

Substantially all of our shipping agreements with third-party carriers transfer the risk of loss to our customers upon shipment. Accordingly, our shipments using third-party carriers are generally recognized as revenue when product is shipped. In all cases, for product shipped on our company-owned trucks, we recognize revenue when the product is delivered. This revenue includes amounts we billed to customers for shipping. At the time we recognize revenue, we make provisions for estimated product returns and warranties, as well as other incentives that we may offer to customers. We also recognize revenue for amounts we receive from our customers in connection with our shared advertising cost arrangement. We import certain products from foreign ports, some of which are shipped directly to our domestic customers. In this case, revenue is not recognized until title is assumed by our customer, which is normally after the goods pass through U.S. Customs.

Incentives offered to customers include cash discounts and other sales incentive programs. Estimated cash discounts and other sales incentives are recorded as a reduction of revenues when the revenue is recognized.

Trade accounts receivable arise from the sale of products on trade credit terms. On a quarterly basis, our management team reviews all significant accounts as to their past due balances, as well as collectability of the outstanding trade accounts receivable for possible write off. It is our policy to write off the accounts receivable against the allowance account when we deem the receivable to be uncollectible. Additionally, we review orders from dealers that are significantly past due, and we ship product only when our ability to collect payment for the new sales is reasonably assured.

Our allowances for credit losses reflect our best estimate of probable losses inherent in the trade accounts receivable balance. We determine the allowance based on known troubled accounts, historic experience and other currently available evidence. At April 30, 2016, we had no gross notes receivable amounts outstanding. At April 25, 2015, we had gross notes receivable of $1.9 million recorded in receivables on our consolidated balance sheet. We had no allowance for credit losses at April 30, 2016 or at April 25, 2015.

Cost of Sales

Our cost of sales consists primarily of the cost to manufacture or purchase our merchandise, inspection costs, internal transfer costs, in-bound freight costs, outbound shipping costs, as well as warehousing costs, occupancy costs and depreciation expense related to our manufacturing facilities and equipment.

During fiscal 2016 and fiscal 2015, we recorded a benefit related to legal settlements as part of cost of sales. Gross margin benefited 0.3 percentage point and 0.4 percentage point for fiscal 2016 and fiscal 2015, respectively, as a result of legal settlements.

Selling, General and Administrative Expenses

SG&A expenses include the costs of selling our products and other general and administrative costs. Selling expenses are primarily composed of commissions, advertising, warranty, bad debt expense and compensation and benefits of employees performing various sales functions. Additionally, the occupancy costs of our retail facilities and the warehousing costs of our regional retail distribution

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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

Note 1: Accounting Policies (Continued)

centers are included as a component of SG&A. Other general and administrative expenses included in SG&A are composed primarily of compensation and benefit costs for administration employees and other administrative costs.

Other Income, Net

Other income, net, primarily includes foreign currency exchange net gain/loss, as well as all pension costs except for the service cost, which is included in selling, general, and administrative expenses on our consolidated statement of income.

Research and Development Costs

Research and development costs are charged to expense in the periods incurred. Expenditures for research and development costs were $8.4 million, $8.0 million and $7.9 million for the fiscal years ended April 30, 2016, April 25, 2015, and April 26, 2014, respectively, and are included as a component of SG&A.

Advertising Expenses

Production costs of commercials, programming and costs of other advertising, promotion and marketing programs are charged to expense in the period in which the commercial or ad is first aired or released. Gross advertising expenses were $70.8 million, $63.3 million and $59.6 million for the fiscal years ended April 30, 2016, April 25, 2015, and April 26, 2014, respectively.

A portion of our advertising program is a national advertising campaign. This campaign is a shared advertising program with our La-Z-Boy Furniture Galleries® stores, which are reimbursing us for about 32% of the cost of the program (excluding company-owned stores). Because of this shared cost arrangement, the advertising expense is reported as a component of SG&A, while the dealers' reimbursement portion is reported as a component of sales.

Operating Leases

We record rent expense related to operating leases on a straight-line basis for minimum lease payments starting with the beginning of the lease term based on the date that we have the right to control the leased property. Our minimum lease payments may incorporate step rent provisions or rent escalations. We also record rental income from subleases on a straight-line basis for minimum lease payments.

Income Taxes

Income taxes are accounted for under the asset and liability method. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the estimated future tax consequences attributable to differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases and operating loss and tax credit carry-forwards. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates in effect for the year in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled.

We elected the early adoption of accounting guidance issued in November 2015 requiring all deferred income tax assets and liabilities to be presented as noncurrent on our consolidated balance sheet. We are applying this change prospectively beginning with our fiscal 2016 consolidated balance sheet.

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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

Note 1: Accounting Policies (Continued)

In periods when deferred tax assets are recorded, we are required to estimate whether recoverability is more likely than not, based on, among other things, forecasts of taxable earnings in the related tax jurisdiction. We consider historical and projected future operating results, the eligible carry-forward period, tax law changes, tax planning opportunities and other relevant considerations when making judgments about realizing the value of our deferred tax assets.

We recognize in our consolidated financial statements the benefit of a position taken or expected to be taken in a tax return when it is more likely than not (i.e. a likelihood of more than 50%) that the position would be sustained upon examination by tax authorities. A recognized tax position is then measured at the largest amount of benefit that is more likely than not to be realized upon settlement. Changes in judgment that result in subsequent recognition, derecognition or change in a measurement date of a tax position taken in a prior annual period (including any related interest and penalties) are recognized as a discrete item in the interim period in which the change occurs.

Foreign Currency Translation

The functional currency of our Canadian and Mexico subsidiaries is the U.S. dollar. Transaction gains and losses associated with translating our Canadian and Mexico subsidiaries' assets and liabilities, which are non-U.S. dollar denominated, are recorded in other income, net in our consolidated statement of income. The functional currency of each of our other foreign subsidiaries is its respective local currency. Assets and liabilities of those subsidiaries whose functional currency is their local currency are translated at the year-end exchange rates, and revenues and expenses are translated at average exchange rates for the period, with the corresponding translation effect included as a component of other comprehensive income. In connection with our Mexico subsidiary we have entered into foreign currency forward contracts, designated as cash flow hedges, to hedge certain forecasted expenses.

Accounting for Stock-Based Compensation

We estimate the fair value of equity-based awards, including option awards and stock-based awards that vest based on market conditions, on the date of grant using option-pricing models. The value of the portion of the equity-based awards that are ultimately expected to vest is recognized as expense over the requisite service periods in our consolidated statement of income using a straight-line single-option method. We measure stock-based compensation cost for liability-based awards based on the fair value of the award on the grant date and recognize it as expense over the vesting period. The liability for these awards is remeasured and adjusted to its fair value at the end of each reporting period until paid. We record compensation cost for stock-based awards that vest based on performance conditions ratably over the vesting periods when the vesting of such awards become probable.

Commitments and Contingencies

We establish an accrued liability for legal matters when those matters present loss contingencies that are both probable and estimable. As a litigation matter develops, we, in conjunction with any outside counsel handling the matter, evaluate on an ongoing basis whether such matter presents a loss contingency that is probable and estimable. When a loss contingency is not both probable and estimable, we do not establish an accrued liability. If, at the time of evaluation, the loss contingency related to a litigation matter is not both probable and estimable, the matter will continue to be monitored for further developments that would make such loss contingency both probable and estimable. Once the loss contingency related to a litigation matter is deemed to be both probable and

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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

Note 1: Accounting Policies (Continued)

estimable, we will establish an accrued liability with respect to such loss contingency and record a corresponding amount of litigation-related expense. We continue to monitor the matter for further developments that could affect the amount of the accrued liability that has been previously established.

Discontinued Operations

During fiscal 2014, we sold substantially all of the assets of our Bauhaus U.S.A. business unit and classified Lea Industries as held for sale. The assets and liabilities of Lea Industries were reported in business held for sale in our fiscal 2014 consolidated balance sheet. We were unable to find a buyer for our Lea Industries business, and therefore we liquidated all the assets, consisting mostly of inventory, and ceased operations of Lea Industries during the third quarter of fiscal 2015. The operating results of both Bauhaus and Lea Industries are reported as discontinued operations in our consolidated statement of income for fiscal 2015 and fiscal 2014.

Insurance/Self-Insurance

We use a combination of insurance and self-insurance for a number of risks, including workers' compensation, general liability, vehicle liability and the company-funded portion of employee-related health care benefits. Liabilities associated with these risks are estimated in part by considering historic claims experience, demographic factors, severity factors and other assumptions. Our workers' compensation reserve is an undiscounted liability. We have various excess loss coverages for auto, product liability and workers' compensation liabilities. Our deductibles generally do not exceed $1.5 million.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

In May 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued a new accounting standard that requires an entity to recognize the amount of revenue to which it expects to be entitled for the transfer of promised goods or services to customers. The new standard supersedes virtually all existing authoritative accounting guidance on revenue recognition and requires additional disclosures and greater use of estimates and judgments. During July 2015, the FASB deferred the effective date of the revenue recognition guidance by one year, thus making the new accounting standard effective for our fiscal year 2019. We are assessing the impact that this guidance will have on our consolidated financial statements and financial statement disclosures.

In May 2015, the FASB issued a new accounting standard that requires entities to remove investments valued at net asset value per share under the practical expedient from the fair value hierarchy. Disclosure information on those assets will be required to help users understand the nature and risks of those investments. The standard is effective for our fiscal year 2017 and will be applied retrospectively. This standard will have no effect on our consolidated financial statements, but we are currently assessing the impact that this guidance will have on our fair value footnote disclosures.

In September 2015, the FASB released a new accounting standard for business combinations that requires the acquirer to recognize adjustments to provisional amounts identified during the measurement period in the reporting period in which the adjustments are determined. The standard is to be applied prospectively beginning with our fiscal year 2017. We are assessing the impact that this guidance will have on our consolidated financial statements.

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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

Note 1: Accounting Policies (Continued)

In January 2016, the FASB issued a new accounting standard that requires equity investments to be measured at fair value with the fair value changes to be recognized through net income. This standard does not apply to investments that are accounted for under the equity method of accounting or that result in consolidation of the invested entity. We currently hold equity investments that are measured at fair value at the end of each reporting period and we recognize the fair value changes through other comprehensive income (loss) as unrealized gains (losses). Based on the fair value of our unrealized loss as of April 30, 2016, adoption of this standard would be immaterial to our consolidated financial statements. Adoption of this standard will be required for our fiscal year 2019 financial statements.

In February 2016, the FASB issued a new accounting standard requiring all operating leases that a lessee enters into to be recorded on their balance sheet. The lessee will record an asset for the right to use the underlying asset for the lease term and a liability for the contractual lease payments. This guidance is effective for our fiscal year 2020. We are assessing the impact that this guidance will have on our consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.

In March 2016, the FASB issued a new accounting standard focused on simplifying the accounting for share-based payments. The guidance includes changes to the accounting for income taxes related to share-based payments as well as changes to the presentation of these tax impacts on the statement of cash flows. This guidance will be applicable for our fiscal year 2018. We are assessing the impact that this guidance will have on our consolidated financial statements.

Note 2: Acquisitions

During fiscal 2016, we acquired the assets of four independent operators of 11 La-Z-Boy Furniture Galleries® stores in Colorado, Wisconsin, North and South Carolina, and Ohio for $26.3 million, composed of $23.3 million of cash and $3.0 million of forgiveness of certain of these dealers' accounts receivable and prepaid expenses. We began including the 11 stores in our Retail segment results upon acquisition.

Prior to the acquisitions, we licensed the exclusive right to own and operate La-Z-Boy Furniture Galleries® stores (and to use the associated trademarks and trade name) in those markets to the dealers whose assets we acquired, and we reacquired these rights when we purchased the dealers' other assets. The effective settlement of these arrangements resulted in no settlement gain or loss as the contractual terms were at market. We recorded an indefinite-lived intangible asset of $3.1 million related to these reacquired rights. We also recognized $22.0 million of goodwill, which primarily relates to the expected synergies resulting from the integration of the acquired stores and the anticipated future benefits of these synergies.

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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

Note 2: Acquisitions (Continued)

We based the purchase price allocations on fair values at the dates of acquisition and summarized them in the following table:

(Amounts in thousands)   Fiscal 2016
Acquisitions
 

Current assets

  $ 4,146  

Goodwill and other intangible assets

    25,129  

Property, plant, and equipment

    202  

Total assets acquired

    29,477  

Current liabilities

    (3,217 )

Net assets acquired

  $ 26,260  

During fiscal 2015, we acquired the assets of two independent La-Z-Boy Furniture Galleries® dealers in exchange for $1.8 million in cash and forgiveness of these dealers' net accounts and notes receivable of $1.0 million. We reacquired the right to own and operate La-Z-Boy Furniture Galleries® stores in those markets as a result of the acquisitions. In our Retail segment, we recorded an indefinite-lived intangible asset of $1.0 million related to these reacquired rights and $1.2 million of goodwill.

During fiscal 2014, we acquired the assets of two independent La-Z-Boy Furniture Galleries® dealers in exchange for $0.8 million in cash and forgiveness of net accounts and notes receivable of $3.0 million. We reacquired the right to own and operate La-Z-Boy Furniture Galleries® stores in those markets as a result of the acquisitions. We recorded an indefinite-lived intangible asset of $1.1 million in our Retail segment related to these reacquired rights and goodwill of $1.1 million.

All of these indefinite-lived intangible assets and goodwill assets will be amortized and deducted for federal income tax purposes over 15 years. All acquired stores were included in our Retail segment results upon acquisition.

Purchase price allocations are not presented for the fiscal 2015 and fiscal 2014 acquisitions as they were not material to our consolidated balance sheet. All of the above acquisitions were not material to our financial position or our results of operations, and therefore, pro-forma financial information is not presented. The net notes and accounts receivable acquired are considered non-cash investing activities as they relate to our consolidated statement of cash flows.

Note 3: Restructuring

During fiscal 2014, we committed to a restructuring of our casegoods business to transition to an all-import model for our wood furniture. We ceased casegoods manufacturing operations at our Hudson, North Carolina facility during the second quarter of fiscal 2015. As a result of this restructuring, we transitioned our remaining Kincaid and American Drew bedroom product lines to imported product. We exited the hospitality business as we had manufactured those products in our Hudson facility. We transitioned our warehouse and repair functions from two North Wilkesboro, North Carolina facilities to our Hudson plant. In addition, during fiscal 2015, we sold both of the North Wilkesboro facilities and most of the wood-working equipment from our Hudson plant and completed the consolidation of our casegoods showroom.

We have recorded pre-tax restructuring charges of $8.3 million ($5.4 million after tax) since the inception of this restructuring plan, with $5.1 million pre-tax ($3.3 million after tax) related to

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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

Note 3: Restructuring (Continued)

continuing operations and $3.2 million pre-tax ($2.1 million after tax) related to discontinued operations. These charges relate to severance and benefit-related costs, rent for an idled showroom, rent for an idled office building, and various asset write-downs, including fixed assets, inventory and trade names. The pre-tax restructuring income recorded in fiscal 2015 mainly related to gains on the sale of the North Wilkesboro warehouse, as well as inventory recoveries. These items were partly offset by severance and benefit related costs and rent expense related to an idled showroom.

The table below details the total pre-tax restructuring (income)/expense recorded by type for the fiscal years ended April 30, 2016, April 25, 2015, and April 26, 2014:

(Amounts in thousands)   4/30/2016   4/25/2015   4/26/2014  

Fixed asset (recoveries) write-downs

  $ 132   $ (987 ) $ 2,272  

Inventory (recoveries) write-downs

    (43 )   (578 )   2,216  

Other

    490     1,194     351  

Total restructuring—continuing operations

    579     (371 )   4,839  

Inventory write-downs

   
   
   
1,804
 

Trade name write-down

            1,265  

Other

        11     163  

Total restructuring—discontinued operations

        11     3,232  

Total restructuring expense (income)

  $ 579   $ (360 ) $ 8,071  

We had $0.1 million of restructuring liability remaining as of April 30, 2016, related to severance and warranty. We expect the severance liability to be settled by the end of the second quarter of fiscal 2017. The warranty liability will remain until it is either used by warranty claims or the warranty period expires, whichever occurs first.

Note 4: Discontinued Operations

During the fourth quarter of fiscal 2014, we sold substantially all of the assets of our Bauhaus U.S.A. business unit to a group of investors and classified Lea Industries, a division of La-Z-Boy Casegoods, Inc., (formerly La-Z-Boy Greensboro, Inc.), as held for sale while we marketed that business for sale. We were unable to find a buyer for our Lea Industries business, and instead we liquidated all the assets, consisting mostly of inventory, and ceased operations of Lea Industries during the third quarter of fiscal 2015 (see Note 3 for additional information).

As a result of the sale of Bauhaus in fiscal 2014, we recorded an impairment to the value of the assets to be sold of $1.1 million, because the consideration paid was less than the recorded amount of the net assets to be sold. The operating results of our Bauhaus business unit are reported as discontinued operations for all periods presented. The transaction closed in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2014, and continuing cash flows from the end of the third quarter of fiscal 2014 through the closing date of the sale were not significant.

The operating results of Bauhaus and Lea Industries are reported as discontinued operations for fiscal 2015 and fiscal 2014. We had historically reported the results of our Bauhaus business unit as a component of our Upholstery segment and Lea Industries as a component of our Casegoods segment.

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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

Note 4: Discontinued Operations (Continued)

In fiscal 2015, we recorded $3.8 million of income in discontinued operations related to our previously owned subsidiary, American Furniture Company, Incorporated. We sold this subsidiary in fiscal 2007, and reported it as discontinued operations at that time. The income related to the Continued Dumping and Subsidy Offset Act of 2000 ("CDSOA"), which provided for distribution of duties, collected by U.S. Customs and Border Protection from antidumping cases, to domestic producers that supported the antidumping petition related to wooden bedroom furniture imported from China. When we sold American Furniture Company, Incorporated our contract provided that we would receive a portion of any such duties to which that entity was entitled. The remainder of the CDSOA income reported in discontinued operations in fiscal 2015 related to Lea Industries.

The results of our discontinued operations for the fiscal years ended April 25, 2015, and April 26, 2014, were as follows:

(Amounts in thousands)   4/25/2015   4/26/2014  

Net sales

  $ 7,850   $ 50,587  

Operating income (loss) from discontinued operations

 
$

869
 
$

(6,032

)

Interest expense

    8      

Income from Continued Dumping and Subsidy Offset Act, net

    4,211      

Income tax benefit (expense)

    (1,775 )   2,236  

Income (loss) from discontinued operations, net of tax

  $ 3,297   $ (3,796 )

Operating income from discontinued operations in fiscal 2014 included a $3.3 million restructuring charge (see Note 3 for additional information).

In the consolidated statement of cash flows, the activity of these operating units was included along with our activity from continuing operations for fiscal 2015 and fiscal 2014.

Note 5: Inventories

 
  As of  
(Amounts in thousands)   4/30/2016   4/25/2015  

Raw materials

  $ 87,905   $ 75,024  

Work in process

    11,591     14,310  

Finished goods

    97,861     92,295  

FIFO inventories

    197,357     181,629  

Excess of FIFO over LIFO

    (21,768 )   (24,840 )

Total inventories

  $ 175,589   $ 156,789  

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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

Note 6: Property, Plant and Equipment

 
   
  As of  
 
  Estimated
Useful Lives
 
(Amounts in thousands)   4/30/2016   4/25/2015  

Buildings and building fixtures

    3 - 40 years   $ 192,211   $ 202,482  

Machinery and equipment

    3 - 15 years     143,561     142,949  

Information systems and software

    3 - 10 years     72,275     72,200  

Land

        14,346     15,409  

Land improvements

    3 - 30 years     15,007     14,747  

Transportation equipment

    3 - 10 years     15,728     17,051  

Furniture and fixtures

    3 - 15 years     19,397     20,996  

Construction in progress

          10,465     14,195  

          482,990     500,029  

Accumulated depreciation

          (311,400 )   (325,993 )

Net property, plant and equipment

        $ 171,590   $ 174,036