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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-K

ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the fiscal year ended April 25, 2015

COMMISSION FILE NUMBER 1-9656

LA-Z-BOY INCORPORATED
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

MICHIGAN
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
  38-0751137
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)

One La-Z-Boy Drive, Monroe, Michigan
(Address of principal executive offices)

 

48162-5138
(Zip Code)

Registrant's telephone number, including area code (734) 242-1444

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

Title of each class   Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Shares, $1.00 Par Value   New York Stock Exchange

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None

Indicate by check mark if the Registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes ý    No o

Indicate by check mark if the Registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act. Yes o    No ý

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes ý    No o

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes ý    No o

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of the Registrant's knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K.    ý

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer," and "smaller reporting company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):

Large accelerated filer ý   Accelerated filer o   Non-accelerated filer o
(Do not check if a
smaller reporting company)
  Smaller reporting company o

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes o    No ý

Based on the closing price on the New York Stock Exchange on October 24, 2014, the aggregate market value of Registrant's common shares held by non-affiliates of the Registrant on that date was $1,132.8 million.

The number of common shares outstanding of the Registrant was 50,500,801 as of June 9, 2015.

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE:

(1)
Portions of the Registrant's Proxy Statement to be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission pursuant to Regulation 14A for its 2015 Annual Meeting of Shareholders are incorporated by reference into Part III.

   


Table of Contents

LA-Z-BOY INCORPORATED
FORM 10-K ANNUAL REPORT FISCAL 2015

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 
   
  Page
Number(s)
 

Cautionary Statement Concerning Forward-Looking Statements

    2  


PART I


 

 

 

 

Item 1.

 

Business

    3  

Item 1A.

 

Risk Factors

    10  

Item 1B.

 

Unresolved Staff Comments

    13  

Item 2.

 

Properties

    13  

Item 3.

 

Legal Proceedings

    13  

Item 4.

 

Mine Safety Disclosures

    13  

Executive Officers of the Registrant

    14  


PART II


 

 

 

 

Item 5.

 

Market for Registrant's Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

    15  

Item 6.

 

Selected Financial Data

    18  

Item 7.

 

Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

    23  

Item 7A.

 

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

    38  

Item 8.

 

Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

    39  

Item 9.

 

Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure

    80  

Item 9A.

 

Controls and Procedures

    80  

Item 9B.

 

Other Information

    80  


PART III


 

 

 

 

Item 10.

 

Directors, Executive Officers, and Corporate Governance

    81  

Item 11.

 

Executive Compensation

    81  

Item 12.

 

Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters

    81  

Item 13.

 

Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence

    81  

Item 14.

 

Principal Accounting Fees and Services

    81  


PART IV


 

 

 

 

Item 15.

 

Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules

    82  

Note: The responses to Items 10 through 14 will be included in the Company's definitive proxy statement to be filed pursuant to Regulation 14A for the 2015 Annual Meeting of Shareholders. The required information is incorporated into this Form 10-K by reference to that document and is not repeated herein.

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Cautionary Statement Concerning Forward-Looking Statements

La-Z-Boy Incorporated and its subsidiaries (individually and collectively, "we," "our" or the "Company") make forward-looking statements in this report, and its representatives may make oral forward-looking statements from time to time. Generally, forward-looking statements include information concerning possible or assumed future actions, events or results of operations. More specifically, forward-looking statements may include information regarding:

—    future income, margins and cash flows   —    future economic performance
—    future growth   —    industry and importing trends
—    adequacy and cost of financial resources   —    management plans

Forward-looking statements also include those preceded or followed by the words "anticipates," "believes," "estimates," "hopes," "plans," "intends" and "expects" or similar expressions. With respect to all forward-looking statements, we claim the protection of the safe harbor for forward-looking statements contained in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995.

Actual results could differ materially from those we anticipate or project due to a number of factors, including: (a) changes in consumer confidence and demographics; (b) the possibility of another recession; (c) changes in the real estate and credit markets and their effects on our customers, consumers and suppliers; (d) international political unrest, terrorism or war; (e) volatility in energy and other commodities prices; (f) the impact of logistics on imports; (g) interest rate and currency exchange rate changes; (h) operating factors, such as supply, labor or distribution disruptions (i.e. port strikes); (i) changes in the domestic or international regulatory environment; (j) adoption of new accounting principles; (k) severe weather or other natural events such as hurricanes, earthquakes, flooding, tornadoes and tsunamis; (l) our ability to procure fabric rolls and leather hides or cut-and-sewn fabric and leather sets domestically or abroad; (m) information technology conversions or system failures; (n) effects of our brand awareness and marketing programs; (o) the discovery of defects in our products resulting in delays in manufacturing, recall campaigns, reputational damage, or increased warranty costs; (p) litigation arising out of alleged defects in our products; (q) unusual or significant litigation; (r) our ability to locate new La-Z-Boy Furniture Galleries® stores (or store owners) and negotiate favorable lease terms for new or existing locations; (s) the results of our restructuring actions; (t) the impact of potential goodwill or intangible asset impairments; and (u) those matters discussed in Item 1A of this Annual Report and other factors identified from time-to-time in our reports filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission. We undertake no obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether to reflect new information or new developments or for any other reason.

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PART I

ITEM 1.    BUSINESS.

Edward M. Knabusch and Edwin J. Shoemaker started Floral City Furniture in 1927, and in 1928 the newly formed company introduced its first recliner. In 1941, we were incorporated in the state of Michigan as La-Z-Boy Chair Company, and in 1996 we changed our name to La-Z-Boy Incorporated. Today, our La-Z-Boy brand is the most recognized brand in the furniture industry.

We manufacture, market, import, distribute and retail upholstery furniture products. In addition, we import, distribute and retail accessories and casegoods (wood) furniture products. We are the leading global producer of reclining chairs and the second largest manufacturer/distributor of residential furniture in the United States. The La-Z-Boy Furniture Galleries® stores retail network is the third largest retailer of single-branded furniture in the United States. We have seven major North American manufacturing locations to support our speed to market and customization strategy.

We sell our products, primarily in the United States and Canada as well as internationally, to furniture retailers and directly to consumers through stores that we own and operate. The centerpiece of our retail distribution strategy is our network of 325 La-Z-Boy Furniture Galleries® stores and 573 Comfort Studio® locations, each dedicated to marketing our La-Z-Boy branded products. We consider this dedicated space to be "branded outlets" or "proprietary." In addition to the almost 900 branded outlets dedicated to selling La-Z-Boy product (La-Z-Boy Furniture Galleries® stores and Comfort Studios®), approximately 2,800 other dealers also sell La-Z-Boy. This includes some of the best known names in the industry, such as Art Van, Berkshire Hathaway and Slumberland. Additionally, our other brands—England, Kincaid, American Drew and Hammary—enjoy distribution through a combined 1,700 dealers. We own 110 of the La-Z-Boy Furniture Galleries® stores. The remainder of the La-Z-Boy Furniture Galleries® stores, as well as all 573 Comfort Studio® locations, are independently owned and operated. La-Z-Boy Furniture Galleries® stores help consumers furnish their homes by combining the style, comfort and quality of La-Z-Boy furniture with our available complimentary in-home design service. Comfort Studio® locations are defined spaces within larger independent retailers that are dedicated to displaying and selling La-Z-Boy branded products. In addition to the La-Z-Boy Comfort Studio® locations, our Kincaid and England operating units have their own in-store gallery programs with over 525 outlets and 1.8 million square feet of proprietary floor space. In total, our proprietary floor space includes approximately 9.5 million square feet.

During fiscal 2015, we executed our plan to restructure our casegoods business, including transitioning to an all-import model for our wood furniture. As a result of this restructuring, we ceased casegoods manufacturing at our Hudson, North Carolina facility during the second quarter of fiscal 2015, and we transitioned our remaining Kincaid and American Drew bedroom product lines to imported product. We have completed the consolidation of our casegoods showrooms and will complete the consolidation of our casegoods corporate offices in fiscal 2016. We also marketed for sale our youth furniture business, Lea Industries, in connection with the restructuring, as it did not align with our long-term strategic objectives. We were unable to find a buyer for our Lea Industries business, and instead we liquidated all the assets, consisting mostly of inventory, and ceased operations of Lea Industries during the third quarter of fiscal 2015.

Principal Products and Industry Segments

Our reportable segments are the Upholstery segment, the Casegoods segment and the Retail segment.

Upholstery Segment.    Our Upholstery segment is our largest business and mainly consists of two operating units: La-Z-Boy, our largest operating unit, and our England subsidiary. Our Upholstery segment manufactures, imports, and exports upholstered furniture such as recliners and motion furniture, sofas, loveseats, chairs, sectionals, modulars, ottomans and sleeper sofas. The Upholstery

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segment sells directly to La-Z-Boy Furniture Galleries® stores, operators of Comfort Studio® and England Custom Comfort Center locations, major dealers and other independent retailers.

Casegoods Segment.    Our Casegoods segment is an importer, marketer and distributor of casegoods (wood) furniture such as bedroom sets, dining room sets, entertainment centers and occasional pieces, and also manufactures some coordinated upholstered furniture. The Casegoods segment consists of three brands: American Drew, Hammary, and Kincaid. The Casegoods segment sells primarily to major dealers, as well as La-Z-Boy Furniture Galleries® stores, along with a wide cross-section of other independent retailers.

Retail Segment.    Our Retail segment consists of 110 company-owned La-Z-Boy Furniture Galleries® stores. The Retail segment primarily sells upholstered furniture, in addition to some casegoods and other accessories, to the end consumer through our retail network.

We have provided additional detailed information regarding our segments and their products in Note 16 to our consolidated financial statements and our "Management's Discussion and Analysis" section, both of which are included in this report.

Raw Materials and Parts

The principal raw materials and parts that we use in our Upholstery segment are purchased cover (primarily fabrics and leather), polyester batting and non-chlorofluorocarbonated polyurethane foam for cushioning and padding, lumber and plywood for frames, steel for motion mechanisms, and electrical components for power styles, which together account for approximately 84% of the segment's total material costs. Purchased cover is our largest raw material cost in this segment and represents about 43% of the segment's material costs. We purchase cover from a variety of sources, but we rely on a limited number of major suppliers. We purchase about 77% of our polyurethane foam from one supplier, which has several facilities across the United States that deliver to our plants. If one of these major suppliers experienced financial or other difficulties, we could experience temporary disruptions in our manufacturing process until we obtained alternate suppliers.

We purchase approximately 55% (based on cost) of our cover in a raw state (fabric rolls or leather hides) and cut and sew it into cover, and 45% in covers that have already been cut and sewn by third-party offshore suppliers to our specifications. We buy from five primary suppliers of cut-and-sewn leather and fabric products. Of the products that we import from China, two suppliers manufacture over 80% of the leather cut-and-sewn sets, and two other suppliers manufacture over 95% of the fabric products.

During fiscal 2015, materials we used in our upholstery manufacturing process increased in price by approximately 2% compared with fiscal 2014. We expect our raw material costs to be flat as a percent of sales in fiscal 2016 compared to fiscal 2015.

Our Casegoods segment is primarily an importer, marketer, and distributor of wood furniture, with some manufacturing operations for coordinated upholstered furniture. Raw materials, primarily related to our coordinated upholstery furniture, represented only about 7% of the value of our inventory in this segment and about 3% of our total raw material at the end of fiscal 2015, and mainly consisted of the same materials used in our Upholstery segment.

Casegoods Finished Goods Imports

We imported 79% of the finished wood furniture that we sold in fiscal 2015 (compared with 70% in fiscal 2014), primarily because of the low labor (both wages and benefits) and overhead costs associated with manufacturing casegoods product overseas. Due to the transition to an all-import model for our wood furniture during fiscal 2015, we are now importing 100% of the casegoods products that we offer for sale. The prices we paid for these imported products in fiscal 2015 were essentially unchanged from

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fiscal 2014. We currently expect these prices and associated transportation costs to increase slightly in fiscal 2016 compared to fiscal 2015. Looking across our wholesale segments, imported finished goods represented 7% of our consolidated sales in both fiscal 2015 and fiscal 2014.

Seasonal Business

We believe that the demand for furniture generally reflects sensitivity to overall economic conditions, including consumer confidence, housing market conditions and unemployment rates. Historically, all of our segments have normally experienced lower sales during our first fiscal quarter. Our Upholstery segment has typically experienced its highest sales during our fourth fiscal quarter, while our Retail segment has usually experienced its highest sales during our third fiscal quarter.

Our Casegoods segment has historically experienced its highest sales in the second or fourth fiscal quarters. During fiscal 2015, however, our Casegoods segment attained its highest sales during our first fiscal quarter and its lowest sales during our fourth fiscal quarter. We believe that the change in the seasonality of our sales during fiscal 2015 was the result of delays in market introductions and other key items being out of stock at the end of fiscal 2014, which resulted in higher shipments during the first quarter of fiscal 2015. We also increased sales in the first quarter of fiscal 2015 due to heavy shipments of our discontinued product lines related to our restructuring plan. We do not believe these factors represent a change in the seasonal trend for sales of this product.

When possible, we schedule production to maintain consistent manufacturing activity throughout the year. We shut down our domestic plants for a week in July to perform routine maintenance on our equipment.

Economic Cycle and Purchasing Cycle

Upholstered furniture has a shorter life cycle than casegoods furniture because upholstered furniture is typically more fashion and design-oriented, and is often purchased one or two pieces at a time. Casegoods products, in contrast, are longer-lived and frequently purchased in groupings or "suites," resulting in a much larger cost to the consumer. As a result, casegoods sales are more sensitive to economic conditions, and upholstered furniture normally exhibits a less volatile sales pattern over an economic cycle.

Practices Regarding Working Capital Items

The following describes our significant practices regarding working capital items.

Inventory:    For our upholstery segment, we maintain raw materials and work in process inventory at our manufacturing locations, and finished goods inventory at our six regional distribution centers. Our regional distribution centers allow us to streamline the warehousing and distribution processes for our La-Z-Boy Furniture Galleries® store network, including both company-owned stores and independently owned stores. Our regional distribution centers also allow us to reduce the number of individual warehouses needed to supply our retail outlets and help us reduce our inventory levels at our manufacturing and retail locations. We also maintain some finished goods inventory at our manufacturing locations, which primarily supports efficient shipping of sold orders.

We import most casegoods product to enable us to meet our customers' delivery requirements, due to the long lead times to receive product from overseas vendors. This practice results in higher levels of finished goods inventory, as a percentage of sales, of our casegoods products than our upholstery products. Our company-owned La-Z-Boy Furniture Galleries® stores maintain finished goods inventory at the stores for display purposes.

Our inventory increased $9.8 million, or 0.2 percentage point as a percent of sales, during fiscal 2015 compared with fiscal 2014. The majority of this increase was driven by raw materials in our Upholstery

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segment as we worked to reduce out-of-stock cover options. Additionally, our inventory increased in our Retail segment due to new and acquired stores. These increases were partially offset by a reduction in inventories at our Casegoods segment as we completed our transition to an all-import model and reduced the raw material inventory required to support domestic manufacturing operations, including a $4.8 million reduction of our LIFO reserves. We will continue to manage our inventory levels to ensure they are appropriate relative to our sales, while maintaining our focus on service to our customers.

Accounts Receivable:    During fiscal 2015, our accounts receivable increased $5.9 million compared with fiscal 2014, which reflected a 0.1 percentage point reduction as a percentage of sales. The increase in dollars was mainly due to higher sales in fiscal 2015. We continue to see an improvement in the financial condition of our customer base, including our independent La-Z-Boy Furniture Galleries® dealers. We monitor our customers' accounts and limit our credit exposure to certain independent dealers, and decrease our days sales outstanding where possible.

Accounts Payable:    During fiscal 2015, our accounts payable decreased $10.0 million compared with fiscal 2014, and decreased 0.9 percentage point as a percentage of sales. The decrease was primarily a result of lower capital expenditures in accounts payable, as we paid for substantially all of our new world headquarters costs by the end of the fiscal 2015.

Customers

Our wholesale customers are furniture retailers located primarily throughout the United States and Canada. We did not have any single customer whose purchases amounted to more than 2% of our consolidated or Upholstery segment sales in fiscal 2015. Sales in our Upholstery and Casegoods segments are almost entirely to furniture retailers, but we sell to consumers through our company-owned La-Z-Boy Furniture Galleries® stores that make up our Retail segment.

We have formal agreements with many furniture retailers for them to display and merchandise products from one or more of our operating units and sell them to consumers in dedicated retail space, either in stand-alone stores or dedicated proprietary galleries or studios within their stores. We consider this dedicated space to be "proprietary." For our Upholstery and Casegoods segments, our fiscal 2015 customer mix based on sales was about 58% proprietary, 8% major dealers (for example, Art Van Furniture, Berkshire Hathaway, Slumberland Furniture, and Raymour & Flanigan Furniture) and 34% other independent retailers.

The success of our product distribution relies heavily on having retail floor space that is dedicated to displaying and marketing our products. Our La-Z-Boy Furniture Galleries® stores network has the largest number of proprietary stores and galleries among our operating units. In addition, we sell product through proprietary space within other retail furniture stores, primarily La-Z-Boy Comfort Studio® locations, England Custom Comfort Center locations, and Kincaid Shoppes.

Maintaining, updating, and expanding, when appropriate, our proprietary distribution network is a key part of our overall sales and marketing strategy. Our 4-4-5 initiative, through which we expect to expand the La-Z-Boy Furniture Galleries® stores network to 400 stores averaging $4 million in sales per store over the five year period that began with fiscal 2014, is a key growth strategy for us. As we continue to maintain and update our current stores, the La-Z-Boy Furniture Galleries® stores network plans to open, relocate or remodel 35 to 40 stores during fiscal 2016. All of these new stores will feature the new concept store design we developed and introduced in fiscal 2012.

We select independent dealers for our proprietary La-Z-Boy Furniture Galleries® stores network based on factors such as their management and financial qualifications and the potential for distribution in specific geographical areas. This proprietary distribution benefits La-Z-Boy, our dealers and our consumers. It enables La-Z-Boy to concentrate our marketing with sales personnel dedicated to our entire product line, and only that line and approved accessories. It allows dealers who join this

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proprietary group to take advantage of practices that other proprietary dealers have succeeded with, and we facilitate forums for these dealers to share best practices. These La-Z-Boy Furniture Galleries® stores provide our consumers a full-service shopping experience with a large variety of product and knowledgeable sales associates and in-home design consultants.

Orders and Backlog

We typically build upholstery orders based on specific dealer orders, either for dealer stock or to fill a consumer's custom order. We have casegoods product produced primarily to our internal order, rather than a customer or consumer order, resulting in higher finished goods inventory on hand as a percentage of sales. Because the size of our backlog at a given time may not be indicative of our future sales, we do not rely entirely on backlogs to predict future sales.

For our continuing operations, as of April 25, 2015, and April 26, 2014, our Upholstery segment backlogs were approximately $71.5 million and $77.0 million, respectively, and our Casegoods segment backlogs were approximately $11.2 million and $15.4 million, respectively. Our backlogs are lower than the prior year due to being in a better inventory service position at April 25, 2015.

Competitive Conditions

We are the second largest manufacturer/distributor of residential (living and family room, bedroom, and dining room) furniture in the United States, as measured by annual sales volume.

In the Upholstery segment, our largest competitors are Ashley, Bassett Furniture, Bernhardt, Best Chair, Broyhill, Craftmaster, Ethan Allen, Flexsteel, Heritage Home Group, Klaussner, and Natuzzi.

In the Casegoods segment, our main competitors are Ashley, Bernhardt, Ethan Allen, Heritage Home Group, Hooker Furniture, Stanley Furniture, and Lacquer Craft. The Casegoods segment faces additional market pressures from foreign manufacturers entering the United States market and increased direct purchases from foreign suppliers by large United States retailers.

The La-Z-Boy Furniture Galleries® stores operate in the retail furniture industry throughout North America, and different stores have different competitors based on their geographic locations. Competitors include: Arhaus, Ashley, Bassett Furniture Direct, Crate and Barrel, Ethan Allen, Nebraska Furniture Mart, Restoration Hardware, Thomasville Home Furnishings Stores, several other regional competitors (for example Art Van Furniture, Raymour & Flanigan Furniture, and Slumberland Furniture), and family-owned independent furniture stores.

In addition to the larger competitors listed above, a substantial number of small and medium-sized companies operate within our business segments, all of which are highly competitive.

Over the past decade alternative distribution channels have increasingly affected our retail markets. Companies such as Costco, Home Depot, IKEA, Sam's Club, Target, Wal-Mart, Williams Sonoma, and others offer products that compete with some of our product lines. The increased ability of consumers to purchase furniture through various furniture manufacturers' and retailers' internet websites has also increased competition, including companies such as QVC and Wayfair that operate with lower overhead costs than a brick and mortar retailer.

Players in the home furnishings industry compete primarily on the basis of product styling and quality, customer service (product availability and delivery), and price. We compete primarily by emphasizing our brand and the value, comfort, quality, and styling of our products. In addition, we remain committed to innovation while striving to provide outstanding customer service, exceptional dealer support, and efficient on-time delivery. Maintaining, updating and expanding our proprietary distribution system is a key strategic initiative for us in striving to remain competitive. We compete in

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the mid-to-upper-mid price point, and a shift in consumer taste and trends to lower priced products could negatively affect our competitive position.

Research and Development Activities

We provide information regarding our research and development activities in Note 1 to our consolidated financial statements, which are included in Item 8 of this report.

Trademarks, Licenses and Patents

We own several trademarks, including La-Z-Boy, our most valuable. The La-Z-Boy trademark is essential to the Upholstery and Retail segments of our business. To protect our trademarks, we have registered them in the United States and various other countries where our products are sold. These trademarks have a perpetual life, subject to renewal. We license the use of the La-Z-Boy trademark to our major international partners and dealers outside of North America. We also license the use of the La-Z-Boy trademark on contract office furniture, outdoor furniture and non-furniture products, and these arrangements enhance our brand awareness, broaden the perceptions of La-Z-Boy and create visibility of the La-Z-Boy brand in channels outside of the residential furniture industry. In addition, we license to our branded dealers the right to use our La-Z-Boy trademark in connection with the sale of our products and related services, on their signs, and in other ways, which we consider to be a key part of our marketing strategies. We provide more information about those dealers, under "Customers."

We hold a number of patents that we actively enforce, but we believe that the loss of any single patent or group of patents would not significantly affect our business.

Compliance with Environmental Regulations

Our manufacturing operations involve the use and disposal of certain substances regulated under environmental protection laws, and we are involved in a small number of remediation actions and site investigations concerning such substances. Based on a review of all currently known facts and our experience with previous environmental matters, we believe we have adequate reserves in respect of probable and reasonably estimable losses arising from environmental matters and we currently do not believe it is probable that we will have any additional loss for environmental matters that would be material to our consolidated financial statements.

Employees

We employed approximately 8,270 full-time equivalent employees as of April 25, 2015, compared with 8,300 employees at the end of fiscal 2014. We employed approximately 7,000 in our Upholstery segment, 200 in our Casegoods segment, 800 in our Retail segment, and the remaining employees as corporate personnel. We employ the majority of our employees on a full-time basis except in our Retail segment, where many of our employees are part-time.

Financial Information About Foreign and Domestic Operations and Export Sales

In fiscal 2015, our direct export sales, including sales in Canada, were approximately 13% of our total sales. We are part of a manufacturing joint venture in Thailand, which distributes furniture in Australia, New Zealand, Thailand and other countries in Asia. In addition, we participate in a sales and marketing joint venture in Asia, which sells and distributes furniture in Korea, Taiwan, Japan, India, Malaysia, and other Asian countries.

We operate a facility in Mexico which produces cut-and-sewn fabric sets for our domestic upholstery manufacturing facilities. We provide information on sales in the United States, Canada, and other countries in Note 16 to our consolidated financial statements, which are included in Item 8 of this

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report. Our net property, plant, and equipment value in the United States was $165.7 million and $120.7 million at the end of fiscal 2015 and fiscal 2014, respectively. Our net property, plant, and equipment value in foreign countries was $8.3 million and $6.8 million in fiscal 2015 and fiscal 2014, respectively.

See Item 1A of this report for information about the risks related to our foreign operations.

Internet Availability

Our Forms 10-K, 10-Q, 8-K, and proxy statements on Schedule 14A and amendments to those reports are available free of charge through links on our internet website, www.la-z-boy.com, as soon as reasonably practicable after they are electronically filed with, or furnished to, the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). Copies of any materials we file with the SEC can also be obtained free of charge through the SEC's website at www.sec.gov. The information on our website is not part of this report.

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ITEM 1A.    RISK FACTORS.

Our business is subject to a variety of risks. Interest rates, consumer confidence, housing starts and the overall housing market, increased unemployment, tightening of the financial and consumer credit markets, downturns in the economy and other general economic factors that affect many other businesses are particularly significant to us because our principal products are consumer goods.

The risks and uncertainties described below are those that we currently believe may significantly affect our business. Additional risks and uncertainties that we are unaware of or that we do not currently deem significant may also become important factors that affect us at a later date. You should carefully consider the risks and uncertainties described below, together with the other information provided in this document and our subsequent filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission. Any of the following risks could significantly and adversely affect our business, results of operations, and financial condition.

Fluctuations in the price, availability and quality of raw materials could cause delays that could result in our inability to provide goods to our customers or could increase our costs, either of which could decrease our earnings.

In manufacturing furniture, we use various types of wood, fabrics, leathers, upholstered filling material, steel, and other raw materials. Because we are dependent on outside suppliers for our raw materials, fluctuations in their price, availability and quality could have a negative effect on our cost of sales and our ability to meet our customers' demands. Competitive and marketing pressures may prevent us from passing along price increases to our customers, and the inability to meet our customers' demands could cause us to lose sales. We have a higher concentration (70%) in upholstery sales, including motion furniture, than many of our competitors, and the effects of steel, polyurethane foam, leather and fabric price increases or quantity shortages could be significant for our business. About 77% of our polyurethane foam comes from one supplier. This supplier has several facilities across the United States, but severe weather or natural disasters could result in delays in shipments of polyurethane foam to our plants.

A change in the financial condition of some of our domestic and foreign fabric suppliers could impede their ability to provide their products to us in a timely manner. Upholstered furniture is fashion oriented, and if we were unable to acquire sufficient fabric variety, or to predict or respond to changes in fashion trends, we might lose sales and have to sell excess inventory at reduced prices. Doing so would have a negative effect on our sales and earnings.

Availability of foreign sourcing and economic uncertainty in countries outside of the United States in which we operate or from which we purchase product could adversely affect our business and results of operations.

We have operations in countries outside the United States, some of which are located in emerging markets. Long-term economic and political uncertainty in some of the countries in which we operate, such as Mexico and Thailand, could result in the disruption of markets and negatively affect our business. Our Casegoods segment imports products manufactured by foreign sources, mainly in China, Vietnam and Indonesia, and our Upholstery segment purchases cut-and-sewn fabric and leather sets and some finished goods from Chinese and other foreign vendors. The majority of the cut-and-sewn leather kits that we purchase from China are from two suppliers. Our sourcing partners may not be able to produce goods in a timely fashion or the quality of their product may lead us to reject it, causing disruptions in our domestic operations and delays in our shipments to our customers.

There are other risks that are inherent in our non-U.S. operations, including the potential for changes in socio-economic conditions, changes in laws and regulations, including import, export, labor and environmental laws, port strikes, tariffs and trade barriers, monetary and fiscal policies, investments, taxation, and exchange controls. Additionally, unsettled political conditions, possible terrorist attacks,

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organized crime and public health concerns present a risk to our non-U.S. operations. All of these items could make servicing our customers more difficult or cause disruptions in our plants that could reduce our sales, earnings, or both in the future.

Inability to maintain and enhance our brand and respond to changes in our current and potential consumers' tastes and trends in a timely manner could adversely affect our business and operating results.

The success of our business depends on our ability to maintain and enhance our brands to increase our business by retaining consumers and attracting new ones. Because furniture product is fashion oriented, changes in consumers' tastes and trends and the resultant change in our product mix could adversely affect our business and operating results. We attempt to minimize these risks by maintaining a strong advertising and marketing campaign promoting both our brands and our current product designs, styles, quality and prices. If these efforts were unsuccessful or required us to incur substantial costs, our business, operating results and financial or competitive condition could be adversely affected.

Loss of market share and other financial or operational difficulties due to competition would likely result in a decrease in our sales, earnings, and liquidity.

The residential furniture industry is highly competitive and fragmented. We compete with many other manufacturers and retailers, including online retailers, some of which offer widely advertised products, and others of which are large retail furniture dealers offering their own store-branded products. Competition in the residential furniture industry is based on quality, style of products, perceived value, price, service to the customer, promotional activities, and advertising. The highly competitive nature of the industry means we are constantly subject to the risk of losing market share, which would likely decrease our future sales, earnings and liquidity. In addition, due to the large number of competitors and their wide range of product offerings, we may not be able to differentiate our products (through styling, finish, and other construction techniques) from those of our competitors. These and other competitive pressures could result in a decrease in our sales, earnings, and liquidity.

Our current retail markets and other markets that we enter in the future may not achieve the growth and profitability we anticipate. We could incur charges for the impairment of long-lived assets if we fail to meet our earnings expectations for these markets.

From time to time we acquire retail locations and related assets, remodel and relocate existing stores, and close underperforming stores. Our assets include goodwill and other indefinite-lived intangible assets in connection with acquisitions. Profitability of acquired, remodeled, and relocated stores will depend on lease rates (for stores we lease) and retail sales and profitability justifying the costs of acquisition, remodeling, and relocation. If we do not meet our sales or earnings expectations for these stores, we may incur charges for the impairment of long-lived assets, the impairment of goodwill, or the impairment of other indefinite-lived intangible assets.

Changes in regulation of our international operations could adversely affect our business and results of operations.

Because we have operations outside of the United States and sell product in various countries, we are subject to many laws governing international relations, including the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act and the U.S. Export Administration Act. These laws include prohibitions on improper payments to government officials and restrictions on where we can do business, what products we can supply to certain countries, and what information we can provide to certain governments. Violations of these laws, which are complex, may result in criminal penalties or sanctions that could have a significant adverse effect on our business and results of operations. Although we have implemented policies and procedures designed to ensure compliance with these laws, there can be no assurance that our employees, contractors, or agents will not violate our policies.

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We rely extensively on computer systems to process transactions, summarize results and manage our business and that of certain independent dealers. Disruptions in both our primary and back-up systems could adversely affect our business and operating results.

Our primary and back-up computer systems are subject to damage or interruption from power outages, computer and telecommunications failures, computer viruses, security breaches, natural disasters and errors by employees. Though losses arising from some of these issues would be covered by insurance, interruptions of our critical business computer systems or failure of our back-up systems could reduce our sales or result in longer production times. If our critical business computer systems or back-up systems were damaged or ceased to function properly, we might have to make a significant investment to repair or replace them.

We have been implementing an enterprise resource planning (ERP) system in our largest operating unit over the last several years. We expect to complete the final implementation by the end of fiscal 2016. ERP implementations are complex and time-consuming projects that involve substantial expenditures on system software and implementation activities. ERP implementations also require transformation of business and financial processes in order to reap the benefits of the ERP system; any such transformation involves risks inherent in the conversion to a new computer system, including loss of information and potential disruption to our normal operations. Our business and results of operations may be adversely affected if we experience operating problems or cost overruns during the ERP implementation process, or if the ERP system and the associated process changes do not give rise to the benefits that we expect. Additionally, if we do not effectively implement the ERP system as planned or the system does not operate as intended, the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting could be adversely affected or our ability to assess it adequately could be delayed. Significant delays in documenting, reviewing and testing our internal control could cause us to fail to comply with our SEC reporting obligations related to our management's assessment of our internal control over financial reporting.

We may be subject to product liability claims or undertake to recall one or more products, with a negative impact on our financial results and reputation.

Millions of our products, sold over many years, are currently used by consumers. We may be named as a defendant in lawsuits instituted by persons allegedly injured while using one of our products. We have insurance that we believe is adequate to cover such claims, but we are self-insured for the first $1.5 million in liability and for all defense costs. Furthermore, such claims could damage our brands and reputation and negatively affect our operating results. In addition, regulation of consumer products has increased in recent years as the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission has acquired greater regulatory and enforcement power. We have voluntarily recalled products in the past, and while none of those recalls has resulted in a material expense or other significant adverse effect, it is possible that future recalls, if any, could result in additional expense, penalties, injury to our brands and reputation, and negatively impact our operating results.

Our business and our reputation could be adversely affected by the failure to protect sensitive employee, customer and consumer data or to comply with evolving regulations relating to our obligation to protect such data.

Cyber-attacks designed to gain access to sensitive information by breaching security systems of large organizations leading to unauthorized release of confidential information have occurred recently at a number of major U.S. companies despite widespread recognition of the cyber-attack threat and improved data protection methods. During fiscal 2015, we have been subject, and will likely continue to be subject, to attempts to breach the security of our networks and IT infrastructure through cyber-attack, malware, computer viruses and other means of unauthorized access. To the best of our knowledge, attempts to breach our systems have not been successful to date. A breach in our systems that resulted in the unauthorized release of sensitive data could have a material adverse effect on our reputation and lead to financial losses from remedial actions or potential liability, possibly including punitive damages. An electronic security breach resulting in the unauthorized release of sensitive data from our information systems could also materially increase the costs we already incur to protect against such risks.

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ITEM 1B.    UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS.

None.

ITEM 2.    PROPERTIES.

We owned or leased approximately 10.5 million square feet of manufacturing, warehousing and distribution centers, office, showroom, and retail facilities, and had approximately 0.4 million square feet of idle facilities, at the end of fiscal 2015. Of the 10.5 million square feet occupied at the end of fiscal 2015, our Upholstery segment occupied approximately 6.7 million square feet, our Casegoods segment occupied approximately 1.4 million square feet, our Retail segment occupied approximately 2.0 million square feet and our Corporate and other operations occupied the balance.

Our active facilities and retail locations are located in Arkansas, California, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Tennessee, Virginia, Wisconsin, Coahuila (Mexico), Bangkok (Thailand) and Hong Kong. All of our plants and stores are well maintained and insured. We do not expect any major land or building additions will be needed to increase capacity in the foreseeable future for our manufacturing operations. We own all of our domestic plants and our joint venture owns our Thailand plant. We lease the majority of our retail stores and regional distribution centers, as well as our manufacturing facility in Mexico and our office space in Hong Kong. For information on terms of operating leases for our properties, see Note 10 to our consolidated financial statements, which are included in Item 8 of this report.

ITEM 3.    LEGAL PROCEEDINGS.

We are involved in various legal proceedings arising in the ordinary course of our business. Based on a review of all currently known facts and our experience with previous legal matters, we have recorded expense in respect of probable and reasonably estimable losses arising from legal matters and we currently do not believe it is probable that we will have any additional loss for legal matters that would be material to our consolidated financial statements.

ITEM 4.    MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES.

Not applicable.

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EXECUTIVE OFFICERS OF THE REGISTRANT

Listed below are the names, ages and current positions of our executive officers and, if they have not held those positions for at least five years, their former positions during that period. All executive officers serve at the pleasure of the board of directors.

Kurt L. Darrow, age 60

Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer since August 2011

President and Chief Executive Officer from September 2003 through August 2011

Louis M. Riccio, Jr., age 52

Senior Vice President of La-Z-Boy and Chief Financial Officer since July 2006

Mark S. Bacon, Sr., age 52

Senior Vice President of La-Z-Boy and President of La-Z-Boy Branded Business since July 2011

Senior Vice President of La-Z-Boy and Chief Retail Officer from October 2008 through July 2011

J. Douglas Collier, age 48

Senior Vice President of La-Z-Boy, Chief Marketing Officer and President, International since August 2014

Chief Marketing Officer and President, International from August 2011 through August 2014

Chief Marketing Officer from September 2008 through August 2011

Darrell D. Edwards, age 51

Senior Vice President of La-Z-Boy and Chief Supply Chain Officer since August 2014

Senior Vice President of Operations, Residential Division from May 2012 through August 2014

Vice President, Manufacturing from July 2011 through May 2012

Vice President and General Manager—Dayton, Tennessee Plant from May 2007 through July 2011

Steven M. Kincaid, age 66

Senior Vice President of La-Z-Boy and President of Casegoods since November 2003

President, Kincaid Furniture Company, Incorporated from June 1983 through April 2015

Otis S. Sawyer, age 57

Senior Vice President of La-Z-Boy and President of Non-Branded Upholstery since February 2008

President, England, Inc. since February 2008

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PART II

ITEM 5.    MARKET FOR REGISTRANT'S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES.

Dividend and Market Information

The New York Stock Exchange is the principal market on which our common stock is traded. The tables below show the high and low sale prices of our common stock on the New York Stock Exchange during each quarter of our last two fiscal years.

 
   
  Market Price  
 
  Dividends
Paid
 
Fiscal 2015 Quarter Ended   High   Low   Close  

July 26

  $ 0.06   $ 26.66   $ 20.93   $ 21.63  

October 25

  $ 0.06   $ 23.42   $ 19.03   $ 21.83  

January 24

  $ 0.08   $ 27.75   $ 21.50   $ 27.36  

April 25

  $ 0.08   $ 28.38   $ 24.71   $ 27.49  

  $ 0.28                    

 

 
   
  Market Price  
 
  Dividends
Paid
 
Fiscal 2014 Quarter Ended   High   Low   Close  

July 27

  $ 0.04   $ 22.33   $ 17.48   $ 20.34  

October 26

  $ 0.04   $ 24.42   $ 20.12   $ 23.35  

January 25

  $ 0.06   $ 31.22   $ 22.79   $ 27.19  

April 26

  $ 0.06   $ 28.48   $ 24.04   $ 24.55  

  $ 0.20                    

Our credit agreement allows us to pay dividends or purchase shares as long as we are not in default and our excess availability, as defined in the agreement, is above 17.5% of the revolving credit commitment. If excess availability falls between 12.5% and 17.5%, then to continue paying dividends or purchasing shares, we must maintain a fixed charge coverage ratio of at least 1.10 to 1.00 on a pro forma basis and not be in default. Currently we are not prohibited from paying dividends or purchasing shares. Refer to Note 9 of the consolidated financial statements in Item 8 for further discussion of our credit agreement. The payment of future cash dividends is within the discretion of our board of directors and will depend, among other factors, on our earnings, capital requirements and operating and financial condition, as well as excess availability under the credit agreement.

Shareholders

We had approximately 15,500 shareholders of record at June 9, 2015.

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Equity Plans

The table below provides information concerning our compensation plans under which common shares may be issued.

Equity Compensation Plan Information as of April 25, 2015

Plan category   Number of
securities to be
issued upon
exercise of
outstanding
options
(i)
  Weighted-
average exercise
price of
outstanding
options
(ii)
  Number of
securities
remaining
available for
future issuance
under equity
compensation
plans (excluding
securities
reflected in
column (i))
(iii)
 

Equity compensation plans approved by Shareholders

    1,038,621 (1) $ 16.15     4,773,497 (2)

Note 1:  These options were issued under our 2010 Omnibus Incentive Plan.

Note 2:  This amount is the aggregate number of shares available for future issuance under our 2010 Omnibus Incentive Plan. The omnibus incentive plan provides for awards of stock options, restricted stock, and performance awards (awards of our common stock based on achievement of pre-set goals over a performance period) to selected key employees and non-employee directors. We have performance awards outstanding under the plan that would reduce the number of shares remaining available for future issuance under the plan by 895,639 shares, assuming the maximum performance targets were achieved.

Performance Graph

The graph below shows the cumulative total return for our last five fiscal years that would have been realized (assuming reinvestment of dividends) by an investor who invested $100 on April 24, 2010 in our common shares, in the S&P 500 Composite Index and in the Dow Jones U.S. Furnishings Index.


Comparison of 5 Year Cumulative Total Return
Assumes Initial Investment of $100
April 2015

GRAPHIC

Company/Index/Market   2010   2011   2012   2013   2014   2015  

La-Z-Boy Incorporated

  $ 100   $ 79.73   $ 104.00   $ 120.53   $ 168.68   $ 191.04  

S&P 500 Composite Index

  $ 100   $ 114.31   $ 120.21   $ 138.62   $ 166.71   $ 193.95  

Dow Jones U.S. Furnishings Index

  $ 100   $ 119.15   $ 114.08   $ 104.90   $ 115.81   $ 153.41  

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Purchases of Equity Securities by the Issuer and Affiliated Purchasers

Our board of directors has authorized the purchase of company stock. As of April 25, 2015, 5.7 million shares remained available for purchase pursuant to this authorization. We spent $51.9 million in fiscal 2015 to purchase 2.1 million shares. During the fourth quarter of fiscal 2015, pursuant to the existing board authorization, we adopted a plan to purchase company stock pursuant to Rule 10b5-1 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. The plan was effective April 1, 2015. Under this plan, our broker has the authority to purchase company shares on our behalf, subject to SEC regulations and the price, market volume and timing constraints specified in the plan. The plan expires at the close of business on July 20, 2015. With the cash flows we anticipate generating in fiscal 2016, we expect to continue being opportunistic in purchasing company stock.

The following table summarizes our purchases of company stock during the fourth quarter of fiscal 2015:

(Shares in thousands)   Total
number of
shares
purchased
  Average
price paid
per share
  Total number
of shares
purchased
as part of
publicly
announced
plan(1)
  Maximum
number
of shares
that may yet
be purchased
under the plan
 

Fiscal February (January 25 - February 28, 2015)

    205   $ 26.84     205     6,100  

Fiscal March (March 1 - March 28, 2015)

    229   $ 25.88     229     5,871  

Fiscal April (March 29 - April 25, 2015)

    169   $ 27.61     169     5,702  

Fiscal Fourth Quarter of 2015

    603   $ 26.69     603     5,702  
(1)
On October 28, 1987, our board of directors announced the authorization of the plan to repurchase company stock. The plan originally authorized 1.0 million shares, and between October 1987 and January 24, 2015, 27.0 million shares were added to the plan for repurchase. The authorization has no expiration date.

Recent Sales of Unregistered Securities

There were no sales of unregistered securities during fiscal year 2015.

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ITEM 6.    SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA.

The following table presents our selected financial data. The table should be read in conjunction with Item 7, Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations, and Item 8, Financial Statements and Supplementary Data, of this Annual Report on Form 10-K. This information is derived from our audited financial statements and should be read in conjunction with those statements, including the related notes.


Consolidated Five-Year Summary of Financial Data

(Dollar amounts in thousands)
Fiscal Year Ended
  (52 weeks)
4/25/2015
  (52 weeks)
4/26/2014
  (52 weeks)
4/27/2013
  (52 weeks)
4/28/2012
  (53 weeks)
4/30/2011
 

Sales

  $ 1,425,395   $ 1,357,318   $ 1,273,877   $ 1,166,705   $ 1,115,489  

Cost of sales

                               

Cost of goods sold

    921,142     888,025     854,542     795,957     773,256  

Restructuring

    (239 )   4,839     2,480     13     (162 )

Total cost of sales

    920,903     892,864     857,022     795,970     773,094  

Gross profit

    504,492     464,454     416,855     370,735     342,395  

Selling, general and administrative expense

    401,459     375,158     349,101     321,770     314,078  

Restructuring

    (132 )       151     268     650  

Write-down of long-lived assets

                    4,392  

Operating income

    103,165     89,296     67,603     48,697     23,275  

Interest expense

    523     548     746     1,384     2,346  

Interest income

    1,030     761     620     609     943  

Income from Continued Dumping and Subsidy Offset Act, net

    1,212             11,066     648  

Other income (expense), net

    744     2,050     3,208     (38 )   402  

Income from continuing operations before income taxes

    105,628     91,559     70,685     58,950     22,922  

Income tax expense (benefit)

    36,954     31,383     23,520     (25,052 )   7,409  

Income from continuing operations

    68,674     60,176     47,165     84,002     15,513  

Income (loss) from discontinued operations, net of tax

    3,297     (3,796 )   17     4,906     1,860  

Net income

    71,971     56,380     47,182     88,908     17,373  

Net (income) loss attributable to noncontrolling interests

    (1,198 )   (1,324 )   (793 )   (942 )   6,674  

Net income attributable to La-Z-Boy Incorporated          

  $ 70,773   $ 55,056   $ 46,389   $ 87,966   $ 24,047  

Net income attributable to La-Z-Boy Incorporated:

                               

Income from continuing operations attributable to La-Z-Boy Incorporated

  $ 67,476   $ 58,852   $ 46,372   $ 83,060   $ 22,187  

Income (loss) from discontinued operations

    3,297     (3,796 )   17     4,906     1,860  

Net income attributable to La-Z-Boy Incorporated          

  $ 70,773   $ 55,056   $ 46,389   $ 87,966   $ 24,047  

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Consolidated Five-Year Summary of Financial Data (Continued)

(Amounts in thousands, except per share data)
Fiscal Year Ended
  (52 weeks)
4/25/2015
  (52 weeks)
4/26/2014
  (52 weeks)
4/27/2013
  (52 weeks)
4/28/2012
  (53 weeks)
4/30/2011
 

Basic weighted average shares

    51,767     52,386     52,351     51,944     51,849  

Basic net income attributable to La-Z-Boy Incorporated per share:

                               

Income from continuing operations attributable to La-Z-Boy Incorporated

  $ 1.30   $ 1.11   $ 0.87   $ 1.57   $ 0.42  

Income (loss) from discontinued operations

    0.06     (0.07 )       0.09     0.04  

Basic net income attributable to La-Z-Boy Incorporated per share

  $ 1.36   $ 1.04   $ 0.87   $ 1.66   $ 0.46  

Diluted weighted average shares

    52,346     53,829     53,685     52,478     52,279  

Diluted net income attributable to La-Z-Boy Incorporated per share:

                               

Income from continuing operations attributable to La-Z-Boy Incorporated

  $ 1.28   $ 1.09   $ 0.85   $ 1.55   $ 0.41  

Income (loss) from discontinued operations

    0.06     (0.07 )       0.09     0.04  

Diluted net income attributable to La-Z-Boy Incorporated per share

  $ 1.34   $ 1.02   $ 0.85   $ 1.64   $ 0.45  

Dividends declared per share

  $ 0.28   $ 0.20   $ 0.08   $   $  

Book value of year-end shares outstanding(1)

  $ 10.33   $ 10.04   $ 9.25   $ 8.46   $ 6.96  

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Table of Contents


Consolidated Five-Year Summary of Financial Data (Continued)

(Dollar amounts in thousands)
Fiscal Year Ended
  (52 weeks)
4/25/2015
  (52 weeks)
4/26/2014
  (52 weeks)
4/27/2013
  (52 weeks)
4/28/2012
  (53 weeks)
4/30/2011
 

Return on average total equity(2)

    12.9 %   11.8 %   10.0 %   20.7 %   4.4 %

Gross profit as a percent of sales

    35.4 %   34.2 %   32.7 %   31.8 %   30.7 %

Operating income as a percent of sales

    7.2 %   6.6 %   5.3 %   4.2 %   2.1 %

Effective tax rate(3)

    35.0 %   34.3 %   33.3 %   (42.5 )%   32.3 %

Return on sales(3)

    4.8 %   4.4 %   3.7 %   7.2 %   1.4 %

Depreciation and amortization

  $ 22,283   $ 23,182   $ 23,140   $ 23,486   $ 24,302  

Capital expenditures

  $ 70,319   $ 33,730   $ 25,912   $ 15,663   $ 10,540  

Property, plant and equipment, net

  $ 174,036   $ 127,535   $ 118,060   $ 114,366   $ 120,603  

Working capital

  $ 321,560   $ 355,291   $ 350,717   $ 350,241   $ 300,119  

Current ratio(4)

    3.1 to 1     3.1 to 1     3.3 to 1     3.3 to 1     3.3 to 1  

Total assets

  $ 774,604   $ 771,295   $ 720,371   $ 685,739   $ 593,455  

Long-term debt, excluding current portion

  $ 433   $ 277   $ 7,576   $ 7,931   $ 29,937  

Total debt

  $ 830   $ 7,774   $ 8,089   $ 9,760   $ 35,057  

Total equity

  $ 533,100   $ 529,718   $ 491,968   $ 447,815   $ 364,140  

Debt to equity ratio(5)

    0.2 %   1.5 %   1.6 %   2.2 %   9.6 %

Debt to capitalization ratio(6)

    0.2 %   1.4 %   1.6 %   2.1 %   8.8 %

Shareholders

   
15,500
   
13,900
   
12,400
   
13,900
   
13,900
 

Employees

    8,270     8,300     8,185     8,160     7,910  
(1)
Equal to total La-Z-Boy Incorporated shareholders' equity divided by the number of outstanding shares on the last day of the fiscal year

(2)
Equal to income from continuing operations divided by average two year equity

(3)
Based on income from continuing operations

(4)
Equal to total current assets divided by total current liabilities

(5)
Equal to total debt divided by total equity

(6)
Equal to total debt divided by total debt plus total equity

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Table of Contents


Unaudited Quarterly Financial Information Fiscal 2015

(Amounts in thousands, except per share data)
Fiscal Quarter Ended
  (13 weeks)
7/26/2014
  (13 weeks)
10/25/2014
  (13 weeks)
1/24/2015
  (13 weeks)
4/25/2015
 

Sales

  $ 326,980   $ 365,601   $ 357,876   $ 374,938  

Cost of sales

                         

Cost of goods sold

    215,831     235,716     228,326     241,269  

Restructuring

    (357 )   (10 )   (9 )   137  

Total cost of sales

    215,474     235,706     228,317     241,406  

Gross profit

    111,506     129,895     129,559     133,532  

Selling, general and administrative expense

    95,015     99,683     103,393     103,368  

Restructuring

        20     (762 )   610  

Operating income

    16,491     30,192     26,928     29,554  

Interest expense

    132     145     131     115  

Interest income

    202     233     232     363  

Income from Continued Dumping and Subsidy Offset Act, net

                1,212  

Other income (expense), net

    (258 )   152     805     45  

Income from continuing operations before income taxes                   

    16,303     30,432     27,834     31,059  

Income tax expense

    5,755     10,743     9,477     10,979  

Income from continuing operations          

    10,548     19,689     18,357     20,080  

Income from discontinued operations, net of tax

    2,497     285     115     400  

Net income

    13,045     19,974     18,472     20,480  

Net (income) loss attributable to noncontrolling interests

    36     (445 )   (524 )   (265 )

Net income attributable to La-Z-Boy Incorporated

  $ 13,081   $ 19,529   $ 17,948   $ 20,215  

Net income attributable to La-Z-Boy Incorporated:

                         

Income from continuing operations attributable to La-Z-Boy Incorporated

  $ 10,584   $ 19,244   $ 17,833   $ 19,815  

Income from discontinued operations

    2,497     285     115     400  

Net income attributable to La-Z-Boy Incorporated

  $ 13,081   $ 19,529   $ 17,948   $ 20,215  

Diluted weighted average common shares

    52,627     52,723     52,139     51,616  

Diluted net income attributable to La-Z-Boy Incorporated per share:

                         

Income from continuing operations attributable to La-Z-Boy Incorporated

  $ 0.20   $ 0.36   $ 0.34   $ 0.38  

Income from discontinued operations

    0.05     0.01         0.01  

Diluted net income attributable to La-Z-Boy Incorporated per share

  $ 0.25   $ 0.37   $ 0.34   $ 0.39  

Dividends declared per share

  $ 0.06   $ 0.06   $ 0.08   $ 0.08  

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Unaudited Quarterly Financial Information Fiscal 2014

(Amounts in thousands, except per share data)
Fiscal Quarter Ended
  (13 weeks)
7/27/2013
  (13 weeks)
10/26/2013
  (13 weeks)
1/25/2014
  (13 weeks)
4/26/2014
 

Sales

  $ 305,502   $ 352,271   $ 346,525   $ 353,020  

Cost of sales

                         

Cost of goods sold

    203,949     229,727     224,786     229,563  

Restructuring

    87     (142 )   (60 )   4,954  

Total cost of sales

    204,036     229,585     224,726     234,517  

Gross profit

    101,466     122,686     121,799     118,503  

Selling, general and administrative expense

    86,701     96,568     95,915     95,974  

Operating income

    14,765     26,118     25,884     22,529  

Interest expense

    136     133     142     137  

Interest income

    180     176     183     222  

Other income (expense), net

    537     (279 )   849     943  

Income from continuing operations before income taxes                   

    15,346     25,882     26,774     23,557  

Income tax expense

    5,445     8,425     8,916     8,597  

Income from continuing operations          

    9,901     17,457     17,858     14,960  

Income (loss) from discontinued operations, net of tax

    34     (440 )   (987 )   (2,403 )

Net income

    9,935     17,017     16,871     12,557  

Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests

    (345 )   (273 )   (388 )   (318 )

Net income attributable to La-Z-Boy Incorporated

  $ 9,590   $ 16,744   $ 16,483   $ 12,239  

Net income attributable to La-Z-Boy Incorporated:

                         

Income from continuing operations attributable to La-Z-Boy Incorporated

  $ 9,556   $ 17,184   $ 17,470   $ 14,642  

Income (loss) from discontinued operations

    34     (440 )   (987 )   (2,403 )

Net income attributable to La-Z-Boy Incorporated

  $ 9,590   $ 16,744   $ 16,483   $ 12,239  

Diluted weighted average common shares

    53,051     53,261     53,226     53,519  

Diluted net income attributable to La-Z-Boy Incorporated per share:

                         

Income from continuing operations attributable to La-Z-Boy Incorporated

  $ 0.18   $ 0.32   $ 0.33   $ 0.27  

Loss from discontinued operations          

        (0.01 )   (0.02 )   (0.04 )

Diluted net income attributable to La-Z-Boy Incorporated per share

  $ 0.18   $ 0.31   $ 0.31   $ 0.23  

Dividends declared per share

  $ 0.04   $ 0.04   $ 0.06   $ 0.06  

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ITEM 7.    MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS.

We have prepared this Management's Discussion and Analysis as an aid to better understand our financial results. It should be read in conjunction with the accompanying Consolidated Financial Statements and related Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements. We begin with an introduction to our key businesses and significant operational events in fiscal 2015. We then provide discussions of our results of operations, liquidity and capital resources, and critical accounting policies.

This Management's Discussion and Analysis only reflects results of our continuing operations, unless otherwise noted. During fiscal 2014, we sold substantially all of the assets of our Bauhaus U.S.A. business unit, and we marketed for sale our youth furniture business, Lea Industries, a division of La-Z-Boy Casegoods, Inc. (formerly known as La-Z-Boy Greensboro, Inc.). We were unable to find a buyer for our Lea Industries business, and instead we liquidated all the assets, consisting mostly of inventory, and ceased operations of Lea Industries during fiscal 2015. In the accompanying financial statements, we reported the operating results of Bauhaus and Lea Industries as discontinued operations for all periods presented. For the fiscal years ended April 25, 2015, and April 26, 2014, we recorded pre-tax income of $0.9 million ($0.6 million after tax) and a pre-tax loss of $6.0 million ($3.8 million after tax), respectively, in discontinued operations related to these businesses. We previously reported results of Bauhaus as a component of our Upholstery segment, and Lea Industries as a component of our Casegoods segment.

Also in fiscal 2015, we recorded $4.2 million of pre-tax income ($2.7 million after tax) in discontinued operations related to the Continued Dumping and Subsidy Offset Act of 2000 ("CDSOA"), which provides for distribution of duties, collected by U.S. Customs and Border Protection from antidumping cases, to domestic producers that supported the antidumping petition related to wooden bedroom furniture imported from China. Of the $4.2 million pre-tax income we received, $3.8 million related to our previously owned subsidiary, American Furniture Company, Incorporated. We sold this subsidiary in fiscal 2007 and reported it as discontinued operations at that time, and our contract provided that we would receive a portion of any such duties to which that entity was entitled. The remainder of the CDSOA pre-tax income reported in discontinued operations related to Lea Industries.

Introduction

Our Business

La-Z-Boy Incorporated and its subsidiaries manufacture, market, import, distribute and retail upholstery furniture products. In addition, we import, distribute and retail accessories and casegoods (wood) furniture products. We are the leading global producer of reclining chairs and the second largest manufacturer/distributor of residential furniture in the United States. The La-Z-Boy Furniture Galleries® stores retail network is the third largest retailer of single-branded furniture in the United States. We have seven major North-American manufacturing locations to support our speed to market and customization strategy.

We sell our products, primarily in the United States and Canada as well as internationally, to furniture retailers and directly to consumers through stores that we own and operate. The centerpiece of our retail distribution strategy is our network of 325 La-Z-Boy Furniture Galleries® stores and 573 Comfort Studio® locations, each dedicated to marketing our La-Z-Boy branded products. We consider this dedicated space to be "branded outlets" or "proprietary." We own 110 of the La-Z-Boy Furniture Galleries® stores. The remainder of the La-Z-Boy Furniture Galleries® stores, as well as all 573 Comfort Studio® locations, are independently owned and operated. La-Z-Boy Furniture Galleries® stores help consumers furnish their homes by combining the style, comfort and quality of La-Z-Boy furniture with our available in-home design service. Comfort Studio® locations are defined spaces within larger independent retailers that are dedicated to displaying and selling La-Z-Boy branded

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products. In addition to the La-Z-Boy Comfort Studio® locations, our Kincaid and England operating units have their own dedicated proprietary in-store programs with 525 outlets and 1.8 million square feet of proprietary floor space. In total, our proprietary floor space includes approximately 9.5 million square feet.

Our goal is to deliver improved sales and earnings to shareholders over the long term through execution of our strategic initiatives. The foundation of our strategic initiatives is driving sales growth in all areas of our business, but most importantly in our flagship La-Z-Boy brand. We are driving this growth through our Live Life Comfortably marketing campaign, featuring Brooke Shields as our brand ambassador. We continue to invest in this campaign, aimed at changing the image of our brand and widening La-Z-Boy's appeal among a broader consumer demographic. We also are driving growth of our La-Z-Boy brand through a steady cadence of new product introductions, including our Urban Attitudes® collection of smaller-scale furniture targeted at a more style-conscious demographic, as well as younger consumers and those living in more confined spaces in urban locations.

We believe a key strategy for growing our La-Z-Boy brand is the continued expansion of our branded distribution channels. We expect to achieve this growth through the execution of our 4-4-5 initiative, through which we plan to expand the La-Z-Boy Furniture Galleries® stores network to 400 stores averaging $4 million in sales per store over the five-year period that began with fiscal 2014. In addition, we are increasing our La-Z-Boy Comfort Studio® locations, our store-within-a-store format, as another avenue to expand our branded distribution channels. We expect this initiative to generate growth in our Retail segment through increased company-owned store count, and to generate growth in our wholesale Upholstery segment as the proprietary distribution network is expanded.

We are also focused on improving profitability through operational excellence in our supply chain. We are implementing a corporate center of excellence for supply chain management, through which we will transition our supply chain efforts from being run by our individual operating companies to being managed on a corporation-wide basis, in order to leverage efficiencies, savings opportunities, and relationships with vendors. One key aspect of this strategy is the establishment of a global trading company in Asia, through which we expect to gain procurement, logistics, and quality control benefits. We expect to realize the benefits of optimizing our supply chain in future years as we execute this multi-year project.

Our reportable operating segments are the Upholstery segment, the Casegoods segment and the Retail segment.

Upholstery Segment.  Our Upholstery segment is our largest business and mainly consists of two operating units: La-Z-Boy, our largest operating unit, and our England subsidiary. Our Upholstery segment manufactures, imports, and exports upholstered furniture such as recliners and motion furniture, sofas, loveseats, chairs, sectionals, modulars, ottomans and sleeper sofas. The Upholstery segment sells directly to La-Z-Boy Furniture Galleries® stores, operators of Comfort Studio® and England Custom Comfort Center locations, major dealers and other independent retailers.

Casegoods Segment.  Our Casegoods segment is an importer, marketer and distributor of casegoods (wood) furniture such as bedroom sets, dining room sets, entertainment centers and occasional pieces, and also manufactures some coordinated upholstered furniture. The Casegoods segment consists of three brands: American Drew, Hammary, and Kincaid. The Casegoods segment sells primarily to major dealers, as well as La-Z-Boy Furniture Galleries® stores, along with a wide cross-section of other independent retailers.

Retail Segment.  Our Retail segment consists of 110 company-owned La-Z-Boy Furniture Galleries® stores. The Retail segment primarily sells upholstered furniture, in addition to some casegoods and other accessories, to the end consumer through our retail network.

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Significant Operational Events in Fiscal 2015

During fiscal 2015, we increased sales by $68.1 million, or 5.0%, increased operating income by $13.9 million, or 15.5%, and generated $86.8 million in cash from operating activities. We returned value to shareholders during the year through $51.9 million of share purchases and $14.5 million of dividend payments, and we continued to invest in our business, including technology improvements to our ERP system and our website and e-commerce platform. In addition, we invested $70.3 million in capital spending, which includes spending to complete construction of our new world headquarters, and paid down debt of $7.6 million during the year.

As part of our 4-4-5 initiative, during fiscal 2015 we opened eight stores and closed four stores in our company-owned retail segment. Additionally, we acquired five stores from independent La-Z-Boy Furniture Galleries® dealers during the year, bringing our total company-owned La-Z-Boy Furniture Galleries® store count to 110 at the end of fiscal 2015, compared to 101 at the end of fiscal 2014. We also moved into our new world headquarters during the fourth quarter of fiscal 2015.

Also during fiscal 2015, we executed our plan to restructure our casegoods business, including transitioning to an all-import model for our wood furniture. As a result of this restructuring, we ceased casegoods manufacturing at our Hudson, North Carolina facility during the second quarter of fiscal 2015, and we transitioned our remaining Kincaid and American Drew bedroom product lines to imported product and exited the hospitality business as we manufactured those products in our Hudson facility. We have completed the consolidation of our casegoods showrooms and will complete the consolidation of our casegoods corporate offices in fiscal 2016. We transitioned our warehouse and repair functions from two North Wilkesboro, North Carolina facilities to Hudson. We sold both of our North Wilkesboro facilities and most of the wood-working equipment from our Hudson plant during fiscal 2015. We marketed for sale our youth furniture business, Lea Industries, in connection with the restructuring, as it did not align with our long-term strategic objectives. We were unable to find a buyer for our Lea Industries business, and instead we liquidated all the assets, consisting mostly of inventory, and ceased operations of Lea Industries during fiscal 2015.

These items are all discussed in more detail throughout this Management's Discussion and Analysis.

Results of Operations

Fiscal Year 2015, Fiscal Year 2014, and Fiscal Year 2013

La-Z-Boy Incorporated

(Amounts in thousands, except percentages)   (52 weeks)
4/25/2015
  (52 weeks)
4/26/2014
  (FY15 vs FY14)
% Change
  (52 weeks)
4/27/2013
  (FY14 vs FY13)
% Change
 

Sales

  $ 1,425,395   $ 1,357,318     5.0 % $ 1,273,877     6.6 %

Operating income

    103,165     89,296     15.5 %   67,603     32.1 %

Operating margin

    7.2 %   6.6 %         5.3 %      

Sales

Our sales increased 5.0%, or $68.1 million, in fiscal 2015 compared to fiscal 2014, following an increase of 6.6%, or $83.4 million, in fiscal 2014 compared to fiscal 2013. Our sales increase in fiscal 2015 was due to increases in all of our operating segments, while the sales increase in fiscal 2014 was driven by sales increases in our Upholstery and Retail segments, partly offset by a decline in sales in our Casegoods segment. Our Upholstery segment sales increase in both fiscal 2015 and fiscal 2014 was driven by stronger volume and selling price increases. Our Retail segment sales increase in both fiscal 2015 and fiscal 2014 was due to sales increases from our active stores that have been open for a minimum of 12 months, as well as the sales volume increases of our new and acquired stores. Our

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Casegoods segment sales increase in fiscal 2015 was due to stronger volume partly offset by higher promotional activity, while the decrease in sales during fiscal 2014 was the result of weaker volume in that year.

Operating Margin

Our operating margin was 7.2% in fiscal 2015, an increase of 0.6 percentage point over fiscal 2014. Our operating margin was 6.6% in fiscal 2014, an increase of 1.3 percentage point over fiscal 2013.

Our gross margin improved 1.2 percentage point during fiscal 2015 compared to fiscal 2014, following a 1.5 percentage point increase in fiscal 2014 as compared to fiscal 2013.

The improvement in our gross margin in both years was driven by higher unit volume and selling prices, partly offset by raw material cost increases in both fiscal 2015 and fiscal 2014.

The higher weighting of sales in our Retail segment, which carry a higher gross margin than our wholesale segments, positively impacted our gross margin during both fiscal 2015 and fiscal 2014.

The transition to an all-import model in our Casegoods segment for our wood furniture provided a benefit to the gross margin rate during fiscal 2015. Additionally, our gross margin was positively impacted by a reduction to our LIFO reserves.

Our selling, general, and administrative ("SG&A") expense as a percentage of sales increased 0.6 percentage point during fiscal 2015 compared to fiscal 2014, following a 0.2 percentage point increase in fiscal 2014 as compared to fiscal 2013.

The increase in SG&A expense as a percentage of sales in fiscal 2015 was primarily due to spending for investment in our business. Technology improvements to our ERP system and replacement of our website and e-commerce platform resulted in a 0.3 percentage point increase during fiscal 2015. Distribution costs, primarily from expanding our regional distribution centers network, resulted in a 0.3 percentage point increase during fiscal 2015. Additionally, the growth of our Retail segment, which has a higher level of SG&A expense as a percent of sales than our wholesale segments, also contributed to the increase in SG&A expense. These items were offset by lower incentive compensation costs of 0.5 percentage point during the fiscal year because our fiscal 2014 results were stronger against our incentive-based targets than our fiscal 2015 results.

The increase in SG&A expense as a percentage of sales in fiscal 2014 was mainly due to higher advertising costs of 0.2 percentage point, primarily due to increased spending related to our Live Life Comfortably marketing campaign, and higher incentive compensation costs of 0.2 percentage point. The main drivers of the increase in incentive compensation costs during fiscal 2014 were the improvement in our consolidated financial performance and the increase in our share price during the year. Several of our share-based compensation awards are liability-based and/or performance-based awards, and their cumulative expense to date is adjusted at the end of each period based on the share price on the last day of the reporting period and the ultimate amount of awards expected to vest. These items were partly offset by a reduction in the provision for doubtful accounts of 0.3 percentage point, due to the improvement in the financial health of our customer base, especially our independent La-Z-Boy Furniture Galleries® dealers during fiscal 2014.

These items are further explained in the discussion of each segment's results later in this Management's Discussion and Analysis.

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Upholstery Segment

(Amounts in thousands, except percentages)   (52 weeks)
4/25/2015
  (52 weeks)
4/26/2014
  (FY15 vs FY14)
% Change
  (52 weeks)
4/27/2013
  (FY14 vs FY13)
% Change
 

Sales

  $ 1,151,802   $ 1,099,050     4.8 % $ 1,029,765     6.7 %

Operating income

    121,403     117,688     3.2 %   95,571     23.1 %

Operating margin

    10.5 %   10.7 %         9.3 %      

Sales

Our Upholstery segment's sales increased 4.8%, or $52.8 million, in fiscal 2015 over fiscal 2014, and increased 6.7%, or $69.3 million, in fiscal 2014 over fiscal 2013.

Increased volume in both fiscal 2015 and fiscal 2014 drove a 4.2% and 4.4% sales increase, respectively, compared to the prior year. We believe the increased unit volume over the two year period was a result of our Live Life Comfortably marketing campaign, the strength of our stationary product introductions, and our improved product value and styling.

Higher selling prices in both fiscal 2015 and fiscal 2014 accounted for 1.0% and 1.8%, respectively, of the sales increase compared to the prior years.

Product mix had an unfavorable impact on our sales volume during fiscal 2015 compared to fiscal 2014. Our product mix in fiscal 2015 included a shift to more recliners and stationary units, including a shift from motion sofas to stationary sofas and occasional chairs, as well as a shift to more fabric units and fewer leather units. Motion sofas and leather units have a higher average selling price compared to stationary units and fabric units. This was a change from the prior year, when product mix had a favorable impact on sales in fiscal 2014 compared to fiscal 2013. Our product mix in fiscal 2014 included a higher number of recliners and more powered motion units as compared to fiscal 2013. Powered motion units have higher average selling prices than motion units without power.

Operating Margin

Our Upholstery segment's operating margin was 10.5% in fiscal 2015, a decrease of 0.2 percentage point compared to fiscal 2014. The segment's operating margin was 10.7% in fiscal 2014, an increase of 1.4 percentage point over fiscal 2013.

The segment's gross margin increased 0.3 percentage point during fiscal 2015 compared to fiscal 2014, following a 1.4 percentage point increase in fiscal 2014 as compared to fiscal 2013.

The increase in our gross margin rate in fiscal 2015 was due to several factors. Higher unit volume and selling prices, as well as operational efficiencies in our supply chain, together provided a 1.1 percentage point benefit to the segment's gross margin. In addition, a legal settlement in fiscal 2015 provided a 0.5 percentage point improvement in the gross margin rate. Partly offsetting these items were raw material cost increases of 0.8 percentage point, as well as inefficiencies in our manufacturing operations of 0.9 percentage point, partly caused by the ongoing implementation of our ERP system.

The improvement in our gross margin rate in fiscal 2014 was due to a combination of factors. Higher unit volume, selling price, product mix changes, and operational efficiencies amounted to a 2.1 percentage point benefit. These items more than offset the impact of raw material cost increases of 0.8 percentage point.

The segment's SG&A expense as a percentage of sales increased 0.5 percentage point during fiscal 2015 compared to fiscal 2014, after remaining flat in fiscal 2014 compared to fiscal 2013.

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Casegoods Segment

(Amounts in thousands, except percentages)   (52 weeks)
4/25/2015
  (52 weeks)
4/26/2014
  (FY15 vs FY14)
% Change
  (52 weeks)
4/27/2013
  (FY14 vs FY13)
% Change
 

Sales

  $ 109,713   $ 106,752     2.8 % $ 112,527     (5.1 )%

Operating income

    6,408     3,397     88.6 %   3,703     (8.3 )%

Operating margin

    5.8 %   3.2 %         3.3 %      

Sales

Our Casegoods segment's sales increased $3.0 million in fiscal 2015 over fiscal 2014, after declining $5.8 million in fiscal 2014 compared to fiscal 2013.

Increased unit volume for our three continuing brands, American Drew, Hammary, and Kincaid, drove a 2.8% increase in sales in fiscal 2015 compared to fiscal 2014. We believe the increased unit volume in fiscal 2015 was a result of new collections we introduced as part of our product refresh program, through which we are shifting our product styling to more transitional and casual styles to appeal to a wider consumer base, as well as continued strength in our occasional business. Partly offsetting the increased sales volume was the impact of higher promotional activity, as we reduced our mix of traditional product through the product refresh program. In addition, we had $1.9 million lower sales of hospitality product in fiscal 2015 compared to fiscal 2014, because our hospitality product line was eliminated in fiscal 2015 when we ceased domestic production of our wood furniture.

Decreased unit volume in fiscal 2014 compared to fiscal 2013 drove the majority of the 5.1% decrease in sales. We believe our product line in fiscal 2014 did not adequately reflect a shift in consumer preference from formal and traditional product styling to more transitional and casual styles.

Operating Margin

Our Casegoods segment's operating margin was 5.8% in fiscal 2015, an increase of 2.6 percentage points over fiscal 2014. The segment's operating margin was 3.2% in fiscal 2014, a decrease of 0.1 percentage point as compared to fiscal 2013.

The segment's gross margin increased 2.5 percentage points during fiscal 2015 compared to fiscal 2014, primarily due to a $2.1 million reduction in our LIFO reserve associated with a portion of our domestically manufactured inventory which was liquidated in fiscal 2015. We ceased manufacturing product domestically during fiscal 2015, and we reduced our LIFO reserve since the stream of domestically manufactured inventory will not be replaced. The remainder of the improvement in

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The segment's SG&A expense as a percentage of sales decreased 0.1 percentage point during fiscal 2015 compared to fiscal 2014, mainly due to improved leverage of fixed SG&A costs resulting from the higher sales volume. This decrease was somewhat offset by higher incentive compensation costs due to the segment's improved financial performance. The 0.1 percentage point decrease in operating margin in fiscal 2014 compared to fiscal 2013 was driven by the decline in sales and our inability to absorb fixed manufacturing costs quickly within the segment.

Retail Segment

(Amounts in thousands, except percentages)   (52 weeks)
4/25/2015
  (52 weeks)
4/26/2014
  (FY15 vs FY14)
% Change
  (52 weeks)
4/27/2013
  (FY14 vs FY13)
% Change
 

Sales

  $ 333,978   $ 298,642     11.8 % $ 264,723     12.8 %

Operating income

    11,466     11,128     3.0 %   4,099     171.5 %

Operating margin

    3.4 %   3.7 %         1.5 %      

Sales

Our Retail segment's sales increased $35.3 million in fiscal 2015 over fiscal 2014, and increased $33.9 million in fiscal 2014 over fiscal 2013.

In fiscal 2015, we were able to convert lower traffic into an increase in ticket count and units per ticket, which resulted in a 3.0% sales increase for our active stores that have been open for a minimum of 12 months. In addition, sales were higher in fiscal 2015 compared to the prior year due to the sales volume of our new and acquired stores, our Live Life Comfortably marketing campaign, the strength of our stationary product introductions and our improved product value and styling.

In fiscal 2014, we experienced flat traffic compared to the prior year but were able to increase our average ticket sales, which resulted in a 6.0% sales increase for our active stores that had been open for a minimum of 12 months. In addition, sales were higher in fiscal 2014 compared to the prior year due to the sales volume of our new and acquired stores, our Live Life Comfortably marketing campaign, the strength of our stationary product introductions and our improved product value and styling.

Operating Margin

Our Retail segment's operating margin was 3.4% in fiscal 2015, a decrease of 0.3 percentage point as compared to fiscal 2014. The segment's operating margin was 3.7% in fiscal 2014, an increase of 2.2 percentage points over fiscal 2013.

The segment's gross margin decreased 0.9 percentage point during fiscal 2015 compared to fiscal 2014, following a 1.0 percentage point increase in fiscal 2014 as compared to fiscal 2013.

Higher promotional activity, which drove our ability to convert lower traffic into an increase in ticket count and units per ticket during fiscal 2015, negatively impacted our gross margin compared to fiscal 2014.

Improved product merchandising drove the increased gross margin during fiscal 2014 compared to fiscal 2013.

The segment's SG&A expense as a percentage of sales improved 0.6 percentage point during fiscal 2015 compared to fiscal 2014, after improving 1.2 percentage points in fiscal 2014 as compared to fiscal 2013.

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Corporate and Other

(Amounts in thousands, except percentages)   (52 weeks)
4/25/2015
  (52 weeks)
4/26/2014
  (FY15 vs FY14)
% Change
  (52 weeks)
4/27/2013
  (FY14 vs FY13)
% Change
 

Sales:

                               

Corporate and Other

  $ 2,294   $ 2,463     (6.9 )% $ 2,313     6.5 %

Eliminations

    (172,392 )   (149,589 )   (15.2 )%   (135,451 )   (10.4 )%

Operating loss:

                               

Restructuring

    371     (4,839 )   N/M     (2,631 )   (83.9 )%

Corporate and Other

    (36,483 )   (38,078 )   4.2 %   (33,139 )   (14.9 )%

N/M—Not Meaningful

Sales

Eliminations increased in both fiscal 2015 and fiscal 2014 due to higher sales from our Upholstery segment to our Retail segment, resulting from the increased volume in the Retail segment in each year.

Operating Margin

Our Corporate and Other operating loss was $1.6 million lower in fiscal 2015 compared to fiscal 2014, mainly due to lower incentive compensation costs of $3.3 million, partly offset by higher costs associated with the construction of our new world headquarters in fiscal 2015.

Our Corporate and Other operating loss in fiscal 2014 was $4.9 million higher than in fiscal 2013, mainly due to higher incentive compensation costs of $1.8 million, as well as charges incurred in fiscal 2014 to exit owned real estate that we were not operating in the normal course of our business.

The $0.4 million restructuring income in fiscal 2015 mainly related to the sale of our idled warehouse in North Wilkesboro, North Carolina and inventory recoveries, somewhat offset by severance and benefit related costs, as well as rent expense related to an idled showroom, all of which related to our Casegoods segment.

The $4.8 million restructuring charge in fiscal 2014 mainly related to fixed asset and inventory write-downs associated with the restructuring of our casegoods business to cease domestic manufacturing and transition to an all-import model for our wood furniture.

The $2.6 million restructuring charge in fiscal 2013 mainly related to fixed asset and inventory write-downs associated with the closure of the lumber processing operation in our Casegoods segment.

Other Income

Other income was $1.3 million lower in fiscal 2015 compared to fiscal 2014, primarily due to lower foreign currency exchange rate gains realized during fiscal 2015 than in fiscal 2014.

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Other income was $1.2 million lower in fiscal 2014 compared to fiscal 2013, primarily due to gains realized in fiscal 2013 on the sales of investments that fund our non-qualified defined benefit retirement plan.

Income from Continued Dumping and Subsidy Offset Act

The Continued Dumping and Subsidy Offset Act of 2000 provides for distribution of duties collected by U.S. Customs and Border Protection from antidumping cases to domestic producers that supported the antidumping petition related to wooden bedroom furniture imported from China. We received pre-tax distributions of $1.2 million related to continuing operations and $4.2 million related to discontinued operations during fiscal 2015.

Income Taxes

Our effective tax rate for continuing operations was 35.0% for fiscal 2015, 34.3% for fiscal 2014, and 33.3% for fiscal 2013.

Impacting our effective tax rate for fiscal 2015 was a tax benefit of $0.4 million for the release of valuation allowances relating to certain U.S. state deferred tax assets. Absent discrete adjustments, the effective tax rate for continuing operations in fiscal 2015 would have been 35.4%.

Items impacting our effective tax rate for fiscal 2014 included a tax benefit of $1.2 million for the release of valuation allowances relating to certain U.S. state deferred tax assets and a net tax benefit of $0.5 million from other adjustments. Absent discrete adjustments, the effective tax rate for continuing operations in fiscal 2014 would have been 36.1%.

Items impacting our effective tax rate for fiscal 2013 included a $1.1 million income tax benefit as a result of a non-taxable gain on the sale of marketable securities. Absent this benefit and discrete adjustments, the effective tax rate for fiscal 2013 would have been 35.4%.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

Our sources of cash liquidity include cash and equivalents, short-term and long-term investments, cash from operations and amounts available under our credit facility. We believe these sources remain adequate to meet our short-term and long-term liquidity requirements, finance our long-term growth plans, meet debt service, and fulfill other cash requirements for day-to-day operations, dividends to shareholders and capital expenditures. We had cash and equivalents of $98.3 million at April 25, 2015, compared to $149.7 million at April 26, 2014. The decrease in cash and equivalents was primarily due to returning value to shareholders through share purchases and dividend payments, investing in our business through capital expenditures, and paying down debt, which more than offset the cash generated from operating activities.

We maintain a revolving credit facility secured primarily by all of our accounts receivable, inventory, and cash deposit and securities accounts. We amended this agreement on December 30, 2014, extending its maturity date to December 30, 2019. Availability under the agreement fluctuates according to a borrowing base calculated on eligible accounts receivable and inventory. The credit agreement includes affirmative and negative covenants that apply under certain circumstances, including a fixed charge coverage ratio requirement that applies when excess availability under the line is less than certain thresholds. At April 25, 2015, we were not subject to the fixed charge coverage ratio requirement, had no borrowings outstanding under the agreement, and had excess availability of $145.0 million of the $150.0 million credit commitment.

We made capital expenditures in fiscal 2015 of $70.3 million compared with $33.7 million during fiscal 2014. We have no material contractual commitments outstanding for future capital expenditures. We expect total capital expenditures to be in the range of $30.0 million to $35.0 million in fiscal 2016.

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Our board of directors has sole authority to determine if and when future dividends will be declared and on what terms. We expect the board to continue declaring regular quarterly cash dividends for the foreseeable future, but the board may discontinue doing so at any time.

We believe our cash flows from operations, present cash and equivalents balance of $98.3 million, short and long-term investments to enhance returns on cash of $45.5 million, and current excess availability under our credit facility of $145.0 million, will be sufficient to fund our business needs, including our fiscal 2016 contractual obligations of $151.5 million as presented in our contractual obligations table. Included in our cash and cash equivalents at April 25, 2015, is $13.5 million held by subsidiaries for which we have determined the amounts to be permanently reinvested.

The following table illustrates the main components of our cash flows:

 
  Year Ended  
(Amounts in thousands)   4/25/2015   4/26/2014  

Cash Flows Provided By (Used For)

             

Net cash provided by operating activities

  $ 86,751   $ 90,832  

Net cash used for investing activities

    (66,673 )   (45,016 )

Net cash used for financing activities

    (71,156 )   (26,690 )

Exchange rate changes

    (281 )   (550 )

Change in cash and equivalents

  $ (51,359 ) $ 18,576  

Operating Activities

During fiscal 2015, net cash provided by operating activities was $86.8 million, primarily due to net income generated during fiscal 2015. Partly offsetting net income was cash used to fund increases in inventories and to settle incentive compensation awards. The $7.6 million increase in inventories in fiscal 2015 was primarily due to higher raw materials inventory in our Upholstery segment as we position our inventory levels to meet our customer demands.

During fiscal 2014, net cash provided by operating activities was $90.8 million. Our cash provided by operating activities was mainly the result of net income generated during the fiscal year and was partially offset by cash used to fund increases in inventories of $9.4 million. The increase in inventories was due partially to our increase in company-owned La-Z-Boy Furniture Galleries® stores during the year, as well as higher finished goods inventories in our regional distribution centers, which are servicing a higher number of La-Z-Boy Furniture Galleries® network stores.

Investing Activities

During fiscal 2015, net cash used for investing activities was $66.7 million, including capital expenditures of $70.3 million. Capital expenditures during the period primarily related to spending on our new world headquarters, as well as spending on new stores and manufacturing machinery and equipment. In addition, we invested $6.6 million of cash in fiscal 2015, primarily to purchase life insurance contracts related to our executive deferred compensation plan and our performance compensation retirement plan. Partly offsetting these items were proceeds from the sale of assets, including assets previously held for sale, as well as a reduction in restricted cash of $2.9 million, which secures our outstanding letters of credit.

During fiscal 2014, net cash used for investing activities was $45.0 million, which consisted primarily of $33.7 million in capital expenditures and a net $19.7 million in investment purchases. These expenditures and investments were partially offset by $6.8 million in proceeds from the sale of our Bauhaus business unit.

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Financing Activities

During fiscal 2015, net cash used for financing activities was $71.2 million. We used $51.9 million of cash to purchase common stock and $14.5 million to fund dividend payments to our shareholders. Additionally, we used $7.6 million of cash to pay down debt.

During fiscal 2014, net cash used for financing activities was $26.7 million. We used $32.1 million of cash to purchase common stock and $10.5 million to fund dividend payments to our shareholders.

Our board of directors has authorized the purchase of company stock. As of April 25, 2015, 5.7 million shares remained available for purchase pursuant to this authorization. The authorization has no expiration date. We purchased 2.1 million shares during fiscal 2015 for a total of $51.9 million. With the cash flows we anticipate generating in fiscal 2016 we expect to continue being opportunistic in purchasing company stock.

Other

The following table summarizes our contractual obligations of the types specified:

 
   
  Payments Due by Period  
(Amounts in thousands)   Total   Less than
1 Year
  1 - 3
Years
  4 - 5
Years
  More than
5 Years
 

Capital lease obligations

  $ 830   $ 397   $ 268   $ 165   $  

Operating lease obligations

    364,067     55,577     106,361     86,228     115,901  

Purchase obligations*

    95,511     95,511              

Pension obligations

    370         370          

Total contractual obligations

  $ 460,778   $ 151,485   $ 106,999   $ 86,393   $ 115,901  

*  We have purchase order commitments of $96 million related to open purchase orders, primarily with foreign and domestic casegoods, leather and fabric suppliers, which are generally cancellable if production has not begun.

Our consolidated balance sheet at the end of fiscal 2015 reflected a $0.9 million net liability for uncertain income tax positions. We do not expect that the net liability for uncertain income tax positions will significantly change within the next 12 months. We will either pay or release the liability for uncertain income tax positions as tax audits are completed or settled, statutes of limitation expire or other new information becomes available.

Continuing compliance with existing federal, state and local statutes addressing protection of the environment is not expected to have a significant effect upon our capital expenditures, earnings, competitive position or liquidity.

Business Outlook

We are optimistic about our positioning in the marketplace and growth prospects. Our brand is the most recognized in the industry, and our product, stores and marketing are more in sync than ever, providing us with a solid platform for profitable growth and market share gains. As our business increases, we have the ability to leverage the efficiencies of our operating platform while driving enhanced profitability through our integrated retail model. We will continue to make strategic investments in the business with the goal of delivering long-term profitable growth while enhancing returns to shareholders.

As we move into the summer months, however, the furniture industry typically experiences weaker demand, and our plants shut down for one week of vacation and maintenance during the first quarter, which ends in July. Accordingly, the first quarter is usually our weakest in terms of sales and earnings.

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Additionally, as our fiscal year ends the last Saturday of April each year, fiscal 2016 is a 53-week year, with the extra week occurring in the fourth quarter.

Critical Accounting Policies

We prepare our consolidated financial statements in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles. In some cases, these principles require management to make difficult and subjective judgments regarding uncertainties and, as a result, such estimates and assumptions may significantly impact our financial results and disclosures. We base our estimates on currently known facts and circumstances, prior experience and other assumptions we believe to be reasonable. We use our best judgment in valuing these estimates and may, as warranted, use external advice. Actual results could differ from these estimates, assumptions, and judgments and these differences could be significant. We make frequent comparisons throughout the year of actual experience to our assumptions to reduce the likelihood of significant adjustments. We record adjustments when we know such differences. The following critical accounting policies affect our consolidated financial statements.

Revenue Recognition and Related Allowances

Substantially all of our shipping agreements with third-party carriers transfer the risk of loss to our customers upon shipment. Accordingly, our shipments using third-party carriers are generally recognized as revenue when product is shipped. For product shipped on our company-owned trucks, we recognize revenue when the product is delivered. This revenue includes amounts we billed to customers for shipping. At the time we recognize revenue, we make provisions for estimated product returns and warranties, as well as other incentives that we may offer to customers. We also recognize revenue for amounts we receive from our customers in connection with our shared advertising cost arrangement. We import certain products from foreign ports, some of which are shipped directly to our domestic customers. In those cases, we do not recognize revenue until title passes to our customer, which normally occurs after the goods pass through U.S. Customs.

Incentives that we offer to our customers include cash discounts and other sales incentive programs. We record estimated cash discounts and other sales incentives as reductions of revenues when we recognize the revenue.

Trade accounts receivable arise from our sale of products on trade credit terms. Our management team reviews all significant accounts quarterly as to their past due balances and the collectability of the outstanding trade accounts receivable for possible write off. It is our policy to write off the accounts receivable against the allowance account when we deem the receivable to be uncollectible. Additionally, we review orders from dealers that are significantly past due, and we ship product only when our ability to collect payment for the new sales is reasonably assured.

Our allowance for credit losses reflects our best estimate of probable incurred losses inherent in the accounts receivable balance. We determine the allowance based on known troubled accounts, historical experience and other currently available evidence.

Investments

We periodically evaluate our available for sale investments for possible other-than-temporary impairments by reviewing factors such as the extent to which, and length of time, an investment's fair value has been below our cost basis, the issuer's financial condition, and our ability and intent to hold the investment for sufficient time for its market value to recover. If the impairment is determined to be other-than-temporary, we recognize it as part of our earnings. If the impairment is determined to be temporary, we record the subsequent change in market value as part of other comprehensive income/(loss) in our consolidated statement of changes in equity.

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Long-Lived Assets

We review long-lived assets for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that we may not be able to recover the carrying amount of an asset or asset group. Using either quoted market prices or an analysis of undiscounted projected future cash flows by asset groups, we determine whether there is any evidence of impairment requiring us to further assess the fair value of our long-lived assets. Our asset groups consist of our operating units in our Upholstery segment (La-Z-Boy and England), our Casegoods segment and each of our retail stores.

Indefinite-Lived Intangible Assets and Goodwill

We test indefinite-lived intangibles and goodwill for impairment on an annual basis in the fourth quarter of each fiscal year, and more frequently if events or changes in circumstances indicate that an asset might be impaired. Indefinite-lived intangible assets include our American Drew trade name and the reacquired right to own and operate La-Z-Boy Furniture Galleries® stores in markets we have acquired. We establish the fair value of our trade name and reacquired rights based upon the relief from royalty method. Our goodwill relates to the acquisition of La-Z-Boy Furniture Galleries® stores in southern Ohio, northeast Ohio, and northern Indiana. The reporting units for our goodwill are the geographic markets the acquired stores become part of upon acquisition, because the acquired stores benefit these geographic markets. We establish the fair value for the reporting unit based on the discounted cash flows to determine if the fair value of our goodwill exceeds its carrying value.

Other Loss Reserves

We have various other loss exposures arising from the ordinary course of business, including inventory obsolescence, health insurance, litigation, environmental claims, insured and self-insured workers' compensation, restructuring charges, and product liabilities. Establishing loss reserves requires us to use estimates and management's judgment with respect to risk and ultimate liability. We use legal counsel or other experts, including actuaries as appropriate, to assist us in developing estimates. Due to the uncertainties and potential changes in facts and circumstances, additional charges related to these reserves could be required in the future.

We have various excess loss coverages for auto, product liability and workers' compensation liabilities. Our deductibles generally do not exceed $1.5 million.

Income Taxes

We use the asset and liability method to account for income taxes. We recognize deferred tax assets and liabilities based on the estimated future tax consequences attributable to differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases and operating loss and tax credit carry-forwards. We measure deferred tax assets and liabilities using enacted tax rates in effect for the year in which we expect to recover or settle those temporary differences. When we record deferred tax assets, we are required to estimate, based on forecasts of taxable earnings in the relevant tax jurisdiction, whether we are more likely than not to recover on them. In making judgments about realizing the value of our deferred tax assets, we consider historic and projected future operating results, the eligible carry-forward period, tax law changes and other relevant considerations.

Pensions

We maintain a defined benefit pension plan for eligible factory hourly employees at our La-Z-Boy operating unit. The plan does not allow new participants, but active participants continue to earn service credits. Annual net periodic expense and benefit liabilities under the plan are determined on an actuarial basis using various assumptions and estimates including discount rates, long-term rates of

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return, estimated remaining years of service and estimated life expectancy. Each year, we compare the more significant assumptions used with our actual experience, and we adjust the assumptions if warranted.

We evaluate our pension plan discount rate assumption annually. The discount rate is based on a single rate developed after matching a pool of high quality bond payments to the plan's expected future benefit payments. We used a discount rate of 4.2% at April 25, 2015, compared with a rate of 4.4% at April 26, 2014, and 4.0% at April 27, 2013. We used the same methodology for determining the discount rate in fiscal 2015, fiscal 2014 and fiscal 2013.

We fund pension benefits through deposits with trustees and satisfy, at a minimum, the applicable funding regulations.

In addition to evaluating the discount rate we use to determine our pension obligation, each year we evaluate our assumption as to our expected return on plan assets, taking into account the trust's asset allocation, investment strategy, and returns expected to be earned over the life of the plan. The rate of return assumption as of April 25, 2015, was 4.3%, compared with 4.7% at April 26, 2014. The expected rate of return assumption as of April 25, 2015, will be used to determine pension expense for fiscal 2016.

In fiscal 2014, we moved to liability-driven investing to more closely match the profile of our assets to the pension plan liabilities. At the end of fiscal 2015, approximately 90% of the plan's assets were invested in fixed-rate investments with durations approximating the duration of its liabilities.

We are not required to contribute to our defined benefit pension plan in fiscal 2016. After considering all relevant assumptions, we expect that the plan's fiscal 2016 pension expense will be approximately $4.3 million, compared with $3.8 million in fiscal 2015. A 25 basis point change in our discount rate or expected return on plan assets would not have a material impact on our results of operations.

Product Warranties

We account for product warranties by accruing an estimated liability when we recognize revenue on the sale of warranted product. We estimate future warranty claims based on claim experience and any additional anticipated future costs on previously sold product. We incorporate repair costs in our liability estimates, including materials, labor and overhead amounts necessary to perform repairs, and any costs associated with delivering repaired product to our customers and consumers. We use considerable judgment in making our estimates. We record differences between our estimated and actual costs when the differences are known.

Stock-Based Compensation

We measure stock-based compensation cost for equity-based awards on the grant date based on the awards' fair value and recognize expense over the vesting period. We measure stock-based compensation cost for liability-based awards on the last day of the reporting period based on the awards' fair value and recognize expense over the vesting period. We remeasure the liability for these awards and adjust their fair value at the end of each reporting period until paid. Determining the fair value of stock-based awards requires judgment, including estimating expected dividends, future stock-price volatility, expected option lives and the amount of share-based awards that are expected to be forfeited. While the assumptions we use to calculate and account for stock-based compensation awards represent management's best estimates, these estimates involve inherent uncertainties and the application of our management's best judgment. As a result, if we revise our assumptions and estimates, our stock-based compensation expense could be materially different in the future.

We recognize compensation cost for stock-based awards that vest based on performance conditions ratably over the vesting periods when the vesting of such awards becomes probable. Determining the

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probability of award vesting requires judgment, including assumptions about future operating performance.

We estimate the fair value of each option grant using a Black-Scholes option-pricing model. We estimate expected volatility based on the historic volatility of our common shares. We estimate the average expected life using the contractual term of the stock option and expected employee exercise and post-vesting employment termination trends. We base the risk-free rate on U.S. Treasury issues with a term equal to the expected life assumed at the date of grant. We estimate forfeitures at the date of grant based on historic experience.

We estimate the fair value of each performance award grant that vests based on a market condition using a Monte Carlo valuation model. The Monte Carlo model incorporates more complex variables than closed-form models such as the Black-Scholes option valuation model used for option grants. The Monte Carlo valuation model simulates a distribution of stock prices to yield an expected distribution of stock prices over the remaining performance period. The stock-paths are simulated using volatilities calculated with historical information using data from a look-back period that is equal to the vesting period. The model assumes a zero-coupon, risk-free interest rate with a term equal to the vesting period. The simulations are repeated many times (100,000 in this valuation) and the mean of the discounted values is calculated as the grant date fair value for the award. The final payout of the award as calculated by the model is then discounted back to the grant date using the risk-free interest rate.

Both the Monte Carlo and Black-Scholes methodologies are based, in part, on inputs for which there are little or no observable market data, requiring us to develop our own assumptions. Inherent in both of these models are assumptions related to expected stock-price volatility, expected life, risk-free interest rate and dividend yield.

Regulatory Developments

In April 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued accounting guidance related to disclosures about discontinued operations. The guidance amends the definition of discontinued operations to limit the disposals that may be reported as discontinued operations. To be reported as discontinued operations, a disposal must be a result of a change in an entity's strategy and have a material effect on the entity's operations and financial results. The amendments also expand the disclosures required for discontinued operations to include additional information about the assets, liabilities, revenues, expenses, and cash flows of the discontinued operation. If a disposal does not qualify as discontinued operations under the amended guidance, the entity must disclose the disposal's pretax profit or loss. This guidance is effective for our fiscal year 2016. In connection with the discontinued operations discussed throughout this Management's Discussion and Analysis, we have elected not to early adopt the provisions of this recently issued accounting standard. We do not believe the adoption of this guidance will have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.

In May 2014, the FASB issued a new accounting standard that requires an entity to recognize the amount of revenue to which it expects to be entitled for the transfer of promised goods or services to customers. The new standard supersedes virtually all existing authoritative accounting guidance on revenue recognition, and requires the use of more estimates and judgments than the present standards as well as additional disclosures. The new accounting standard as proposed, would be effective for our fiscal year 2018, and we are assessing the potential impact to our consolidated financial statements and financial statement disclosures.

In April 2015, the FASB issued accounting guidance that permits an entity with a fiscal year-end that does not coincide with an actual month-end date to measure defined benefit plan assets and obligations using the month-end date that is closest to the entity's fiscal year-end. Election of this accounting policy would need to be disclosed including the date used to measure these assets and obligations. The new accounting standard is effective for our fiscal year 2017, and we do not believe the adoption of this guidance will have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.

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ITEM 7A.    QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK.

While we had no variable rate borrowings at April 25, 2015, we could be exposed to market risk from changes in interest rates if we incur variable rate debt in the future. Based on our current and expected levels of exposed liabilities, management estimates that a one percentage point change in interest rates would not have a material impact on our results of operations for fiscal 2016.

We are exposed to market risk from changes in the value of foreign currencies primarily related to our plant in Mexico, as we pay wages and other local expenses in Mexican pesos. Nonetheless, gains and losses resulting from market changes in the value of foreign currencies have not had and are not expected to have a significant effect on our consolidated results of operations. A decrease in the value of foreign currencies in relation to the U.S. dollar could impact the profitability of some of our vendors and translate into higher prices for our supplies, but we believe that, in that event, our competitors would experience a similar impact.

We are exposed to market risk with respect to commodity and fuel price fluctuations, principally related to commodities we use in producing our products, including steel, wood and polyurethane. As commodity prices increase, we determine whether a price increase to our customers to offset these increases is warranted. We do not believe that an increase in these commodity costs would have a material impact on our results of operations.

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ITEM 8.    FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA.

Management's Report to Our Shareholders

Management's Responsibility for Financial Information

La-Z-Boy Incorporated's management personnel are responsible for the preparation, integrity and objectivity of our consolidated financial statements and other financial information contained in this Annual Report on Form 10-K. Management prepared those consolidated financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. In preparing those consolidated financial statements, management was required to make certain estimates and judgments, which were based on currently available information and management's view of current conditions and circumstances.

The Audit Committee of our board of directors, which consists solely of independent directors, oversees our process of reporting financial information and the audit of our consolidated financial statements. The Audit Committee is informed of La-Z-Boy Incorporated's financial condition and regularly reviews management's critical accounting policies, the independence of our independent auditors, our internal controls and the objectivity of our financial reporting. Both our independent auditors and our internal auditors have free access to the Audit Committee and meet with the Audit Committee periodically, both with and without members of management present.

Management's Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting

Our management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting, as that term is defined in Rule 13a-15(f) of the Exchange Act. Under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, we conducted an evaluation of the effectiveness of our internal controls over financial reporting based upon the framework in "Internal Control—Integrated Framework" set forth by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission in 2013. Based on that evaluation, our management concluded that our internal control over financial reporting was effective as of April 25, 2015. PricewaterhouseCoopers, LLP, an independent registered public accounting firm, audited the effectiveness of the Company's internal control over financial reporting as of April 25, 2015, as stated in its report which appears herein.

/s/ Kurt L. Darrow
Kurt L. Darrow
Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer

/s/ Louis M. Riccio, Jr.
Louis M. Riccio, Jr.
Senior Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

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Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

To the Board of Directors and Shareholders of La-Z-Boy Incorporated:

In our opinion, the accompanying consolidated balance sheets and the related consolidated statements of income, of comprehensive income, of changes in equity and of cash flows present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of La-Z-Boy Incorporated and its subsidiaries at April 25, 2015 and April 26, 2014, and the results of their operations and their cash flows for each of the three fiscal years in the period ended April 25, 2015 in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. Also in our opinion, the Company maintained, in all material respects, effective internal control over financial reporting as of April 25, 2015, based on criteria established in Internal Control—Integrated Framework (2013) issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO). The Company's management is responsible for these financial statements, for maintaining effective internal control over financial reporting and for its assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting, included in Management's Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting on the preceding page. Our responsibility is to express opinions on these financial statements and on the Company's internal control over financial reporting based on our integrated audits. We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audits to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement and whether effective internal control over financial reporting was maintained in all material respects. Our audits of the financial statements included examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements, assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, and evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. Our audit of internal control over financial reporting included obtaining an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, assessing the risk that a material weakness exists, and testing and evaluating the design and operating effectiveness of internal control based on the assessed risk. Our audits also included performing such other procedures as we considered necessary in the circumstances. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinions.

A company's internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. A company's internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (i) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company; (ii) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the company; and (iii) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the company's assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.

Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.

/s/ PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP
Detroit, Michigan
June 16, 2015

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LA-Z-BOY INCORPORATED

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF INCOME

 
  Fiscal Year Ended  
(Amounts in thousands, except per share data)   (52 weeks)
4/25/2015
  (52 weeks)
4/26/2014
  (52 weeks)
4/27/2013
 

Sales

  $ 1,425,395   $ 1,357,318   $ 1,273,877  

Cost of sales

                   

Cost of goods sold

    921,142     888,025     854,542  

Restructuring

    (239 )   4,839     2,480  

Total cost of sales

    920,903     892,864     857,022  

Gross profit

    504,492     464,454     416,855  

Selling, general and administrative expense

    401,459     375,158     349,101  

Restructuring

    (132 )       151  

Operating income

    103,165     89,296     67,603  

Interest expense

    523     548     746  

Interest income

    1,030     761     620  

Income from Continued Dumping and Subsidy Offset Act, net

    1,212          

Other income, net

    744     2,050     3,208  

Income from continuing operations before income taxes          

    105,628     91,559     70,685  

Income tax expense

    36,954     31,383     23,520  

Income from continuing operations

    68,674     60,176     47,165  

Income (loss) from discontinued operations, net of tax

    3,297     (3,796 )   17  

Net income

    71,971     56,380     47,182  

Net loss attributable to noncontrolling interests

    (1,198 )   (1,324 )   (793 )

Net income attributable to La-Z-Boy Incorporated

  $ 70,773   $ 55,056   $ 46,389  

   

The accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements are an integral part of these statements.

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LA-Z-BOY INCORPORATED

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF INCOME (Continued)

 
  Fiscal Year Ended  
(Amounts in thousands, except per share data)   (52 weeks)
4/25/2015
  (52 weeks)
4/26/2014
  (52 weeks)
4/27/2013
 

Net income attributable to La-Z-Boy Incorporated:

                   

Income from continuing operations attributable to La-Z-Boy Incorporated

  $ 67,476   $ 58,852   $ 46,372  

Income (loss) from discontinued operations

    3,297     (3,796 )   17  

Net income attributable to La-Z-Boy Incorporated

  $ 70,773   $ 55,056   $ 46,389  

Basic weighted average common shares

    51,767     52,386     52,351  

Basic net income attributable to La-Z-Boy Incorporated per share:

   
 
   
 
   
 
 

Income from continuing operations attributable to La-Z-Boy Incorporated          

  $ 1.30   $ 1.11   $ 0.87  

Income (loss) from discontinued operations, net of tax          

    0.06     (0.07 )    

Basic net income attributable to La-Z-Boy Incorporated per share

  $ 1.36   $ 1.04   $ 0.87  

Diluted weighted average common shares

    52,346     53,829     53,685  

Diluted net income attributable to La-Z-Boy Incorporated per share:

   
 
   
 
   
 
 

Income from continuing operations attributable to La-Z-Boy Incorporated

  $ 1.28   $ 1.09   $ 0.85  

Income (loss) from discontinued operations, net of tax          

    0.06     (0.07 )    

Diluted net income attributable to La-Z-Boy Incorporated per share

  $ 1.34   $ 1.02   $ 0.85  

Dividends declared per share

  $ 0.28   $ 0.20   $ 0.08  

   

The accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements are an integral part of these statements.

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LA-Z-BOY INCORPORATED

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME

 
  Fiscal Year Ended  
(Amounts in thousands)   4/25/2015   4/26/2014   4/27/2013  

Net income

  $ 71,971   $ 56,380   $ 47,182  

Other comprehensive income (loss)

                   

Currency translation adjustment

    (1,014 )   (3,054 )   1,089  

Change in fair value of cash flow hedges, net of tax

    (507 )   (284 )   231  

Net unrealized gains (losses) on marketable securities, net of tax

    507     624     (2,543 )

Net pension amortization and actuarial gain (loss), net of tax

    179     6,100     (2,653 )

Total other comprehensive income (loss)

    (835 )   3,386     (3,876 )

Total comprehensive income before noncontrolling interests

    71,136     59,766     43,306  

Comprehensive income attributable to noncontrolling interests

    (1,122 )   (594 )   (1,132 )

Comprehensive income attributable to La-Z-Boy Incorporated

  $ 70,014   $ 59,172   $ 42,174  

   

The accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements are an integral part of these statements.

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LA-Z-BOY INCORPORATED

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEET

 
  As of  
(Amounts in thousands, except par value)   4/25/2015   4/26/2014  

Current assets

             

Cash and equivalents

  $ 98,302   $ 149,661  

Restricted cash

    9,636     12,572  

Receivables, net of allowance of $4,622 at 4/25/15 and $12,368 at 4/26/14

    158,548     152,614  

Inventories, net

    156,789     147,009  

Deferred income taxes—current

    11,255     15,037  

Business held for sale

        4,290  

Other current assets

    41,921     41,490  

Total current assets

    476,451     522,673  

Property, plant and equipment, net

    174,036     127,535  

Goodwill

    15,164     13,923  

Other intangible assets

    5,458     4,544  

Deferred income taxes—long-term

    35,072     32,430  

Other long-term assets, net

    68,423     70,190  

Total assets

  $ 774,604   $ 771,295  

Current liabilities

             

Current portion of long-term debt

  $ 397   $ 7,497  

Accounts payable

    46,168     56,177  

Business held for sale

        832  

Accrued expenses and other current liabilities

    108,326     102,876  

Total current liabilities

    154,891     167,382  

Long-term debt

    433     277  

Other long-term liabilities

    86,180     73,918  

Contingencies and commitments

         

Shareholders' equity

             

Preferred shares—5,000 authorized; none issued

         

Common shares, $1 par value—150,000 authorized; 50,747 outstanding at 4/25/15 and 51,981 outstanding at 4/26/14

    50,747     51,981  

Capital in excess of par value

    270,032     262,901  

Retained earnings

    235,506     238,384  

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

    (32,139 )   (31,380 )

Total La-Z-Boy Incorporated shareholders' equity

    524,146     521,886  

Noncontrolling interests

    8,954     7,832  

Total equity

    533,100     529,718  

Total liabilities and equity

  $ 774,604   $ 771,295  

   

The accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements are an integral part of these statements.

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LA-Z-BOY INCORPORATED

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CASH FLOWS

 
  Fiscal Year Ended  
(Amounts in thousands)   4/25/2015   4/26/2014   4/27/2013  

Cash flows from operating activities

                   

Net income

  $ 71,971   $ 56,380   $ 47,182  

Adjustments to reconcile net income to cash provided by operating activities

                   

(Gain) loss on disposal of assets

    (499 )   616     (659 )

Gain on sale of investments

    (214 )   (300 )   (3,170 )

Write-down of long-lived assets

        1,149      

Deferred income tax expense (benefit)

    1,030     (216 )   3,198  

Restructuring

    (360 )   8,071     2,715  

Provision for doubtful accounts

    (2,290 )   (2,651 )   1,005  

Depreciation and amortization

    22,283     23,182     23,140  

Stock-based compensation expense

    6,780     8,739     11,458  

Pension plan contributions

            (23,480 )

Change in receivables

    (2,595 )   3,337     7,139  

Change in inventories

    (7,644 )   (9,444 )   391  

Change in other assets

    4,154     (2,958 )   (5,407 )

Change in accounts payable

    (5,206 )   1,704     (6,088 )

Change in other liabilities

    (659 )   3,223     11,016  

Net cash provided by operating activities

    86,751     90,832     68,440  

Cash flows from investing activities

                   

Proceeds from disposals of assets

    9,061     2,233     4,455  

Proceeds from sale of business

        6,844      

Capital expenditures

    (70,319 )   (33,730 )   (25,912 )

Purchases of investments

    (40,327 )   (54,233 )   (49,589 )

Proceeds from sales of investments

    33,750     34,557     18,662  

Acquisitions, net of cash acquired

    (1,774 )   (801 )   (15,832 )

Change in restricted cash

    2,936     114     (9,825 )

Net cash used for investing activities

    (66,673 )   (45,016 )   (78,041 )

Cash flows from financing activities

                   

Payments on debt

    (7,571 )   (579 )   (2,511 )

Payments for debt issuance costs

    (208 )        

Stock issued for stock and employee benefit plans

    1,397     3,565     2,901  

Excess tax benefit on stock option exercises

    1,592     12,935     2,563  

Purchases of common stock

    (51,853 )   (32,097 )   (10,333 )

Dividends paid

    (14,513 )   (10,514 )   (4,236 )

Net cash used for financing activities

    (71,156 )   (26,690 )   (11,616 )

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and equivalents          

    (281 )   (550 )   (68 )

Change in cash and equivalents

    (51,359 )   18,576     (21,285 )

Cash and equivalents at beginning of period

    149,661     131,085     152,370  

Cash and equivalents at end of period

  $ 98,302   $ 149,661   $ 131,085  

Supplemental disclosure of non-cash investing activities

                   

Capital expenditures included in accounts payable

  $ 500   $ 5,303   $  

   

The accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements are an integral part of these statements.

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LA-Z-BOY INCORPORATED

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CHANGES IN EQUITY

(Amounts in thousands)   Common
Shares
  Capital in
Excess of
Par Value
  Retained
Earnings
  Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income (Loss)
  Non-
Controlling
Interests
  Total  

At April 28, 2012

  $ 52,244   $ 231,332   $ 189,609   $ (31,281 ) $ 5,911   $ 447,815  

Net income

                46,389           793     47,182  

Other comprehensive income (loss)

                      (4,215 )   339     (3,876 )

Stock issued for stock and employee benefit plans, net of cancellations and withholding tax

    817     1,849     (1,368 )               1,298  

Purchases of common stock

    (669 )   (5,314 )   (4,350 )               (10,333 )

Stock option and restricted stock expense

          11,458                       11,458  

Tax benefit from exercise of options

          2,563                       2,563  

Dividends paid

                (4,236 )               (4,236 )

Change in noncontrolling interests

                            97     97  

At April 27, 2013

    52,392     241,888     226,044     (35,496 )   7,140     491,968  

Net income

                55,056           1,324     56,380  

Other comprehensive income (loss)

                      4,116     (730 )   3,386  

Stock issued for stock and employee benefit plans, net of cancellations and withholding tax

    937     2,395     (4,509 )               (1,177 )

Purchases of common stock

    (1,348 )   (3,056 )   (27,693 )               (32,097 )

Stock option and restricted stock expense

          8,739                       8,739  

Tax benefit from exercise of options

          12,935                       12,935  

Dividends paid

                (10,514 )               (10,514 )

Change in noncontrolling interests

                            98     98  

At April 26, 2014

    51,981     262,901     238,384     (31,380 )   7,832     529,718  

Net income

                70,773           1,198     71,971  

Other comprehensive income (loss)

                      (759 )   (76 )   (835 )

Stock issued for stock and employee benefit plans, net of cancellations and withholding tax

    898     26     (10,684 )               (9,760 )

Purchases of common stock

    (2,132 )   (1,267 )   (48,454 )               (51,853 )

Stock option and restricted stock expense

          6,780                       6,780  

Tax benefit from exercise of options

          1,592                       1,592  

Dividends paid

                (14,513 )               (14,513 )

At April 25, 2015

  $ 50,747   $ 270,032   $ 235,506   $ (32,139 ) $ 8,954   $ 533,100  

   

The accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements are an integral part of these statements.

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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

Note 1: Accounting Policies

The following is a summary of significant accounting policies followed in the preparation of La-Z-Boy Incorporated and its subsidiaries' (individually and collectively, "we," "our" or the "Company") consolidated financial statements. Our fiscal year ends on the last Saturday of April. Our 2015, 2014 and 2013 fiscal years included 52 weeks.

Principles of Consolidation

The accompanying consolidated financial statements include the consolidated accounts of La-Z-Boy Incorporated and our majority-owned subsidiaries. The portion of less than wholly-owned subsidiaries is included as non-controlling interest. All intercompany transactions have been eliminated, including any related profit on intercompany sales.

Use of Estimates

The consolidated financial statements are prepared in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. These principles require management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts or disclosures of assets, liabilities (including contingent assets and liabilities), sales and expenses at the date of the financial statements. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

Cash and Equivalents

For purposes of the consolidated balance sheet and statement of cash flows, we consider all highly liquid debt instruments purchased with initial maturities of three months or less to be cash equivalents.

Restricted Cash

We have cash on deposit with a bank as collateral for certain letters of credit.

Inventories

Inventories are stated at the lower of cost or market. Cost is determined using the last-in, first-out ("LIFO") basis for approximately 66% and 67% of our inventories at April 25, 2015, and April 26, 2014, respectively. Cost is determined for all other inventories on a first-in, first-out ("FIFO") basis. The FIFO method of accounting is mainly used for our Retail segment's inventory as well as our England operating unit and our majority owned foreign subsidiaries.

Property, Plant and Equipment

Items capitalized, including significant betterments to existing facilities, are recorded at cost. Capitalized computer software costs include internal and external costs incurred during the software's development stage. Internal costs relate primarily to employee activities related to coding and testing the software under development. Computer software costs are depreciated over three to ten years. All maintenance and repair costs are expensed when incurred. Depreciation is computed principally using straight-line methods over the estimated useful lives of the assets.

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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

Note 1: Accounting Policies (Continued)

Disposal and Impairment of Long-Lived Assets

Retirement or dispositions of long-lived assets are recorded based on carrying value and proceeds received. Any resulting gains or losses are recorded as a component of selling, general and administrative expenses.

We review the carrying value of our long-lived assets for impairment annually or whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that their carrying amounts may not be recoverable. Our assessment of recoverability is based on our best estimates using either quoted market prices or an analysis of the undiscounted projected future cash flows by asset groups in order to determine if there is any evidence of impairment requiring us to further assess the fair value of our long-lived assets. Our asset groups consist of our operating units in our Upholstery segment (La-Z-Boy and England), our Casegoods segment and each of our retail stores.

Indefinite-Lived Intangible Assets and Goodwill

We test indefinite-lived intangibles and goodwill for impairment on an annual basis in the fourth quarter of our fiscal year, or more frequently if events or changes in circumstances indicate that the asset might be impaired. Indefinite-lived intangible assets include our American Drew trade name and the reacquired right to own and operate La-Z-Boy Furniture Galleries® stores in markets we have acquired. We establish the fair value of our trade name and reacquired rights based upon the relief from royalty method. Our goodwill relates to the acquisition of La-Z-Boy Furniture Galleries® stores in southern Ohio, northeast Ohio, and northern Indiana. The reporting units for our goodwill are the geographic markets the acquired stores become part of upon acquisition, because the acquired stores benefit these geographic markets. The estimated fair value for the reporting unit is determined based upon discounted cash flows. In situations where the fair value is less than the carrying value, indicating a potential impairment, a second comparison is performed using a calculation of implied fair value of goodwill to measure any such impairment.

Investments

Available-for-sale securities are recorded at fair value with the net unrealized gains and losses (that are deemed to be temporary) reported as a component of other comprehensive income/(loss). Realized gains and losses and charges for other-than-temporary impairments are included in determining net income, with related purchase costs based on the first-in, first-out method. For impairments that are other-than-temporary, an impairment loss is recognized in earnings equal to the difference between the investment's cost and its fair value at the balance sheet date of the reporting period for which the assessment is made. The fair value of the investment then becomes the new amortized cost basis of the investment and it is not adjusted for subsequent recoveries in fair value.

Life Insurance

Life insurance policies are recorded at the amount that could be realized under the insurance contract as of the date of our consolidated balance sheet. These assets are classified as other long-term assets on our consolidated balance sheet. The change in cash surrender or contract value is recorded as income or expense during each period.

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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

Note 1: Accounting Policies (Continued)

Revenue Recognition and Related Allowances for Credit Losses

Substantially all of our shipping agreements with third-party carriers transfer the risk of loss to our customers upon shipment. Accordingly, our shipments using third-party carriers are generally recognized as revenue when product is shipped. In all cases, for product shipped on our company-owned trucks, we recognize revenue when the product is delivered. This revenue includes amounts we billed to customers for shipping. At the time we recognize revenue, we make provisions for estimated product returns and warranties, as well as other incentives that we may offer to customers. We also recognize revenue for amounts we receive from our customers in connection with our shared advertising cost arrangement. We import certain products from foreign ports, some of which are shipped directly to our domestic customers. In this case, revenue is not recognized until title is assumed by our customer, which is normally after the goods pass through U.S. Customs.

Incentives offered to customers include cash discounts and other sales incentive programs. Estimated cash discounts and other sales incentives are recorded as a reduction of revenues when the revenue is recognized.

Trade accounts receivable arise from the sale of products on trade credit terms. On a quarterly basis, our management team reviews all significant accounts as to their past due balances, as well as collectability of the outstanding trade accounts receivable for possible write off. It is our policy to write off the accounts receivable against the allowance account when we deem the receivable to be uncollectible. Additionally, we review orders from dealers that are significantly past due, and we ship product only when our ability to collect payment for the new sales is reasonably assured.

Our allowances for credit losses reflect our best estimate of probable losses inherent in the trade accounts receivable balance. We determine the allowance based on known troubled accounts, historic experience and other currently available evidence. At April 25, 2015, and April 26, 2014, we had gross notes receivable of $1.9 million and $4.3 million, respectively. We had no remaining allowance for credit losses at April 25, 2015, as compared to $0.2 million at April 26, 2014.

Cost of Sales

Our cost of sales consists primarily of the cost to manufacture or purchase our merchandise, inspection costs, internal transfer costs, in-bound freight costs, outbound shipping costs, as well as warehousing costs, occupancy costs and depreciation expense related to our manufacturing facilities and equipment.

During the third quarter of fiscal 2015 we received a cash payment related to a legal settlement that was recorded as part of cost of sales for the fiscal year ended April 25, 2015. Gross margin improved 0.4 percentage point for fiscal 2015 due to the legal settlement.

Selling, General and Administrative Expenses

SG&A expenses include the costs of selling our products and other general and administrative costs. Selling expenses are primarily composed of commissions, advertising, warranty, bad debt expense and compensation and benefits of employees performing various sales functions. Additionally, the occupancy costs of our retail facilities and the warehousing costs of our regional distribution centers are included as a component of SG&A. Other general and administrative expenses included in SG&A are composed primarily of compensation and benefit costs for administration employees and other administrative costs.

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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

Note 1: Accounting Policies (Continued)

Other Income, Net

Other income, net, primarily includes foreign currency exchange net gain/loss and pension costs.

Research and Development Costs

Research and development costs are charged to expense in the periods incurred. Expenditures for research and development costs from continuing operations were $8.0 million, $7.9 million and $7.2 million for the fiscal years ended April 25, 2015, April 26, 2014, and April 27, 2013, respectively, and are included as a component of SG&A.

Advertising Expenses

Production costs of commercials, programming and costs of other advertising, promotion and marketing programs are charged to expense in the period in which the commercial or ad is first aired or released. Gross advertising expenses were $63.3 million, $59.6 million and $53.9 million for the fiscal years ended April 25, 2015, April 26, 2014, and April 27, 2013, respectively.

A portion of our advertising program is a national advertising campaign. This campaign is a shared advertising program with our La-Z-Boy Furniture Galleries® stores, which are reimbursing us for about 34.0% of the cost of the program (excluding company-owned stores). Because of this shared cost arrangement, the advertising expense is reported as a component of SG&A, while the dealers' reimbursement portion is reported as a component of sales.

Operating Leases

We record rent expense related to operating leases on a straight-line basis for minimum lease payments starting with the beginning of the lease term based on the date that we have the right to control the leased property. Our minimum lease payments may incorporate step rent provisions or rent escalations. We also record rental income from subleases on a straight-line basis for minimum lease payments.

Income Taxes

Income taxes are accounted for under the asset and liability method. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the estimated future tax consequences attributable to differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases and operating loss and tax credit carry-forwards. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates in effect for the year in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled.

In periods when deferred tax assets are recorded, we are required to estimate whether recoverability is more likely than not, based on, among other things, forecasts of taxable earnings in the related tax jurisdiction. We consider historical and projected future operating results, the eligible carry-forward period, tax law changes, tax planning opportunities and other relevant considerations when making judgments about realizing the value of our deferred tax assets.

We recognize in our consolidated financial statements the benefit of a position taken or expected to be taken in a tax return when it is more likely than not (i.e. a likelihood of more than 50%) that the position would be sustained upon examination by tax authorities. A recognized tax position is then measured at the largest amount of benefit that is more likely than not to be realized upon settlement.

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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

Note 1: Accounting Policies (Continued)

Changes in judgment that result in subsequent recognition, derecognition or change in a measurement date of a tax position taken in a prior annual period (including any related interest and penalties) are recognized as a discrete item in the interim period in which the change occurs.

Foreign Currency Translation

The functional currency of our Mexico subsidiary is the U.S. dollar. Transaction gains and losses associated with translating our Mexico subsidiary's assets and liabilities, which are non-U.S. dollar denominated, are recorded in other income/(expense) in our consolidated statement of income. The functional currency of each of our other foreign subsidiaries is its respective local currency. Assets and liabilities of those subsidiaries whose functional currency is their local currency are translated at the year-end exchange rates, and revenues and expenses are translated at average exchange rates for the period, with the corresponding translation effect included as a component of other comprehensive income. In connection with our Mexico subsidiary we have entered into foreign currency forward contracts, designated as cash flow hedges, to hedge certain forecasted expenses.

Accounting for Stock-Based Compensation

We estimate the fair value of equity-based awards on the date of grant using option-pricing models. The value of the portion of the equity-based awards that are ultimately expected to vest is recognized as expense over the requisite service periods in our consolidated statement of income using a straight-line single-option method. We measure stock-based compensation cost for liability-based awards based on the fair value of the award on the last day of the reporting period and recognize it as expense over the vesting period. The liability for these awards is remeasured and adjusted to its fair value at the end of each reporting period until paid. We record compensation cost for stock-based awards that vest based on performance conditions ratably over the vesting periods when the vesting of such awards become probable.

Discontinued Operations

During fiscal 2014, we sold substantially all of the assets of our Bauhaus U.S.A. business unit and classified Lea Industries as held for sale. The assets and liabilities of Lea Industries were reported in business held for sale in our fiscal 2014 consolidated balance sheet. We were unable to find a buyer for our Lea Industries business, and therefore we liquidated all the assets, consisting mostly of inventory, and ceased operations of Lea Industries during the third quarter of fiscal 2015. The operating results of both Bauhaus and Lea Industries are reported as discontinued operations in our consolidated statement of income for all periods presented.

Insurance/Self-Insurance

We use a combination of insurance and self-insurance for a number of risks, including workers' compensation, general liability, vehicle liability and the company-funded portion of employee-related health care benefits. Liabilities associated with these risks are estimated in part by considering historic claims experience, demographic factors, severity factors and other assumptions. Our workers' compensation reserve is an undiscounted liability. We have various excess loss coverages for auto, product liability and workers' compensation liabilities. Our deductibles generally do not exceed $1.5 million.

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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

Note 1: Accounting Policies (Continued)

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

In April 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued accounting guidance related to disclosures about discontinued operations. The guidance amends the definition of discontinued operations to limit the disposals that may be reported as discontinued operations. The disposal must be a result of a change in an entity's strategy and have a material effect on the entity's operations and financial results to be reported as discontinued operations under the new guidance. The amendments also expand the required disclosures for discontinued operations to include additional information about the assets, liabilities, revenues, expenses, and cash flows of the discontinued operation. If the disposal does not qualify as discontinued operations under the amended guidance, the entity must disclose the pretax profit or loss of the disposal. This guidance is effective for our fiscal year 2016. In connection with the discontinued operations discussed in Note 3, we have elected not to early adopt the provisions of this recently issued accounting standard. We do not believe the adoption of this guidance will have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.

In May 2014, the FASB issued a new accounting standard that requires an entity to recognize the amount of revenue to which it expects to be entitled for the transfer of promised goods or services to customers. The new standard supersedes virtually all existing authoritative accounting guidance on revenue recognition and requires the use of more estimates and judgments than the present standards as well as additional disclosures. The new accounting standard as proposed, would be effective for our fiscal year 2018, and we are assessing the potential impact to our consolidated financial statements and financial statement disclosures.

In April 2015, the FASB issued accounting guidance that permits an entity with a fiscal year-end that does not coincide with an actual month-end date to measure defined benefit plan assets and obligations using the month-end date that is closest to the entity's fiscal year-end. Election of this accounting policy would need to be disclosed including the date used to measure these assets and obligations. The new accounting standard is effective for our fiscal year 2017, and we do not believe the adoption of this guidance will have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.

Note 2: Restructuring

During fiscal 2014, we committed to a restructuring of our casegoods business to transition to an all-import model for our wood furniture. We ceased casegoods manufacturing operations at our Hudson, North Carolina facility during the second quarter of fiscal 2015. As a result of this restructuring, we transitioned our remaining Kincaid and American Drew bedroom product lines to imported product and exited the hospitality business as we manufactured those products in our Hudson facility. We have transitioned our warehouse and repair functions from two North Wilkesboro, North Carolina facilities to Hudson. In addition, we sold both of the North Wilkesboro facilities and most of the wood-working equipment from our Hudson plant during fiscal 2015. During fiscal 2015 we also completed the consolidation of our casegoods showrooms.

We have recorded pre-tax restructuring charges of $7.7 million ($5.0 million after tax) since the inception of this restructuring plan, with $4.5 million pre-tax ($2.9 million after tax) related to continuing operations and $3.2 million pre-tax ($2.1 million after tax) related to discontinued operations. These charges relate to severance and benefit-related costs and various asset write-downs, including fixed assets, inventory and trade names. The pre-tax restructuring income recorded in fiscal 2015 mainly related to gains realized on the sale of the North Wilkesboro warehouse in the third

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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

Note 2: Restructuring (Continued)

quarter, as well as inventory recoveries. These items were partly offset by severance and benefit related costs and rent expense related to an idled showroom.

The table below details the total pre-tax restructuring (income)/expense recorded by type for the fiscal years ended April 25, 2015, and April 26, 2014:

(Amounts in thousands)   4/25/2015   4/26/2014  

Fixed asset (recoveries) write-downs

  $ (987 ) $ 2,272  

Inventory (recoveries) write-downs

    (578 )   2,216  

Other

    1,194     351  

Total restructuring—continuing operations

    (371 )   4,839  

Inventory write-downs

   
   
1,804
 

Trade name write-down

        1,265  

Other

    11     163  

Total restructuring—discontinued operations

    11     3,232  

Total restructuring (income) expense

  $ (360 ) $ 8,071  

The restructuring (income)/expenses from continuing operations were recorded as a component of cost of sales and restructuring expenses related to discontinued operations were included in our income/(loss) from discontinued operations in our consolidated statement of income.

We had $0.6 million of restructuring liability remaining as of April 25, 2015, primarily related to severance, which we expect to be settled throughout fiscal 2016. We included restructuring charges related to discontinued operations in our income (loss) from discontinued operations in our consolidated statement of income.

During fiscal 2013, we recorded a restructuring charge of $2.6 million, mainly related to fixed asset and inventory write-downs related to the closure of our lumber processing operation in our Casegoods segment.

Note 3: Discontinued Operations

During the fourth quarter of fiscal 2014, we sold substantially all of the assets of our Bauhaus U.S.A. business unit to a group of investors and classified Lea Industries, a division of La-Z-Boy Casegoods, Inc., (formerly La-Z-Boy Greensboro, Inc.), as held for sale while we marketed that business for sale. We were unable to find a buyer for our Lea Industries business, and instead we liquidated all the assets, consisting mostly of inventory, and ceased operations of Lea Industries during the third quarter of fiscal 2015 (see Note 2 for additional information).

As a result of the sale of Bauhaus in fiscal 2014, we recorded an impairment to the value of the assets to be sold of $1.1 million, because the consideration paid was less than the recorded amount of the net assets to be sold. The operating results of our Bauhaus business unit are reported as discontinued operations for all periods presented. The transaction closed in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2014, and continuing cash flows from the end of the third quarter of fiscal 2014 through the closing date of the sale were not significant.

The operating results of Bauhaus and Lea Industries are reported as discontinued operations for all periods presented. We had historically reported the results of our Bauhaus business unit as a component of our Upholstery segment and Lea Industries as a component of our Casegoods segment.

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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

Note 3: Discontinued Operations (Continued)

In fiscal 2015, we recorded $3.8 million of income in discontinued operations related to our previously owned subsidiary, American Furniture Company, Incorporated. We sold this subsidiary in fiscal 2007, and reported it as discontinued operations at that time. The income related to the Continued Dumping and Subsidy Offset Act of 2000 ("CDSOA"), which provides for distribution of duties, collected by U.S. Customs and Border Protection from antidumping cases, to domestic producers that supported the antidumping petition related to wooden bedroom furniture imported from China. When we sold American Furniture Company, Incorporated, our contract provided that we would receive a portion of any such duties to which that entity was entitled. The remainder of the CDSOA income reported in discontinued operations in fiscal 2015 related to Lea Industries.

The results of our discontinued operations for the fiscal years ended April 25, 2015, April 26, 2014, and April 27, 2013, were as follows:

 
  Year Ended  
(Amounts in thousands)   4/25/2015   4/26/2014   4/27/2013  

Net sales

  $ 7,850   $ 50,587   $ 58,648  

Operating income (loss) from discontinued operations

 
$

869
 
$

(6,032

)

$

25
 

Interest expense

    8          

Income from Continued Dumping and Subsidy Offset Act, net

    4,211          

Income tax benefit (expense)

    (1,775 )   2,236     (8 )

Income (loss) from discontinued operations, net of tax          

  $ 3,297   $ (3,796 ) $ 17  

Operating income from discontinued operations in fiscal 2014 included a $3.3 million restructuring charge.

The assets and liabilities of Lea Industries that were classified as held for sale at April 26, 2014, are detailed below. These assets were liquidated during fiscal 2015.

(Amounts in thousands)   4/26/14  

Assets

       

Receivables, net

  $ 1,190  

Inventories, net

    3,013  

Other current assets

    87  

Total assets

  $ 4,290  

Liabilities

       

Accounts payable

  $ 234  

Accrued expenses and other current liabilities

    576  

Other long-term liabilities

    22  

Total liabilities

  $ 832  

In the consolidated statement of cash flows, the activity of these operating units was included along with our activity from continuing operations.

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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

Note 4: Inventories

(Amounts in thousands)   4/25/2015   4/26/2014  

Raw materials

  $ 75,024   $ 71,247  

Work in process

    14,310     13,722  

Finished goods

    92,295     91,842  

FIFO inventories

    181,629     176,811  

Excess of FIFO over LIFO

    (24,840 )   (29,802 )

Total inventories

  $ 156,789   $ 147,009  

During the second quarter of fiscal 2015, we ceased manufacturing casegoods product domestically, and as a result the stream of domestically manufactured inventory will not be replaced. Our LIFO reserve was reduced as we liquidated the inventory.

Note 5: Property, Plant and Equipment

(Amounts in thousands)   Estimated
Useful Lives
  4/25/2015   4/26/2014  

Buildings and building fixtures

    3 - 40 years   $ 202,482   $ 161,490  

Machinery and equipment

    3 - 15 years     142,949     140,561  

Information systems and software

    3 - 10 years     72,200     64,208  

Land

        15,409     15,344  

Land improvements

    3 - 30 years     14,747     10,820  

Transportation equipment

    3 - 10 years     17,051     17,420  

Furniture and fixtures

    3 - 15 years     20,996     14,104  

Construction in progress

          14,195     31,233  

          500,029     455,180  

Accumulated depreciation

          (325,993 )   (327,645 )

Net property, plant and equipment

        $ 174,036   $ 127,535